Carmine Lilo Galante – the cigar

He was as vicious as the Mafia boss Vito Genovese, as ambitious as Vito Genovese, and as deeply involved in the heroin business as Vito Genovese. However, Caranto “The Purata” Gallant would not die of natural causes, as Vito Genovese did (though in prison). Instead, Galante was killed in one of the most memorable hit mafias of all time. After his body was filled with lead, he lay spread on his back in the small patio of a restaurant in Queens, his cigar brand tightly clenched between his teeth.
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Camilo Galante was born on February 21, 1910, at 27 Stanton Street in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Since both his parents, Vincenzo, the fisherman, and his wife (maiden name Vingenza Russo) were born in the seaside village of Castellammarese del Golfo in Sicily, Galante is a pure first generation Sicilian / American. Galante had two brothers and two sisters, and when he was at school, Galante dropped his name Camilo and insisted on his name being Carmine. Over the years he was shortened to Lilo, which was the name most of his associates called Galante.
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Galante first became involved in petty shoplifting when he was fourteen. But since he was a minor at the time, no record of that arrest is on his official police file.
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At various times, Galante attended Public Schools 79 and 120, but dropped out of school forever at the age of fifteen. Galante has been in and out of the Reform School several times and has been considered an “irreparable delinquent”.
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From 1923 to 1926 Galante was employed by the Artificial Flowers Company in Lubin at 270 West Broadway. However, this was wrong to satisfy the law that Galante was hired when in fact he was engaged in a very lucrative criminal career.
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In December 1925, Galante was arrested for assault. However, the money changed hands between the people of Galante and the crooked cops, and as a result Galante was released without any prison time. In December 1926, Galante was arrested again, but this time he was found guilty of second-degree assault and robbery and sentenced to two to five years in prison. Galante was released from prison in 1930 and, in order to satisfy his parole officer, he received another alleged “job” at the O & # 39; Brien Fish Company at 105 South Street, near Fulton Fish Market.
However, the nature of Galante was not to be kept to the right of the law. On March 15, 1930, five men entered the Martin Weinstein Shoe Factory at the corner of York and Washington Streets in Brooklyn Heights. On the 6th floor of the building, Mr. Weinstein was in the process of collecting his weekly records under the protection of Police Officer Walter De Castilla of the 84th Precinct. The five men took the elevator to the 6th floor. As one man stood guard in the elevator, the other four men stormed Mr. Weinstein’s office. They ignored $ 7,500 sitting at a table and opened fire on Officer De Castilla, a young girl’s married father, with nine years in force. Officer De Castilla was punched six times in the chest and died instantly.

The four men made their way quietly back to the elevator and joined their cohort guarding elevator operator Louis Sella. Stella took down the five men to the ground floor. He later told police that the men had left the building, quietly walked to a parked car, got into the car and fled the scene. When police arrived minutes after the station house, just 2 blocks away, the killers were nowhere to be seen. Villages described the five men as “in their early to mid-twenties, with dark skin and dark hair.” Selah said all the men were “very well dressed.”

The police theory was that since no money had been taken, this was a planned blow to Officer De Castilla. On August 30, 1930, Galante, along with Michael Consolo and Angelo Presincano, were arrested and charged with the murder of Officer De Castilla. However, all four men were soon released due to lack of evidence.

On December 25, 1930, four suspicious men were sitting in a green sedan on Briggs Avenue in Brooklyn. Police Detective Joseph Minahan just happened to be in the area. He spotted the men in the sedan, pulled out his gun and carefully approached the sedan. One of the men shouted to Meinahan, “Stop the honey there, or we will burn you.”

Before Meenahan responded, the shooting started from the green sedan. Minahan was shot in the leg, and a six-year-old girl walking with her mother was seriously injured. The driver of the sedan had trouble starting the car, so the four men jumped out of the sedan and tried to escape on foot. Three of the men fled the area by jumping on a passing truck, but the fourth man slipped when he tried to get on the truck and was detained by the injured Manahan. This man was Carmine Gallant.

When Meinahan took Galante to the station house, a group of detectives, angry that one of them had been injured, began giving Galante a “police station” setting. Despite receiving lumps, Galante refused to relinquish the identity of the escaped men. He was subsequently tried and convicted as one of four men who robbed a Lieberman brewery in Brooklyn. On January 8, 1931, Galante was detained at the Singh Sing Prison in Osingne, New York. He was later transferred to the Clinton Correctional Facility in Danemora, New York, where he remained until his release on May 1, 1939.

While Galante was in prison, he was given an IQ test which revealed that he had an IQ of only 90, which, although Galante was well into his twenties, equaled his mental age of 14. It was also noted that Galante was diagnosed as a “neuropathic psychopathic person”. A physical assessment showed that he sustained a head injury sustained in a car accident when Galante was 10 years old, with an ankle fracture when he was eleven years old, and that Galante showed early signs of gonorrhea, possibly occurring in one of the many mafia-controlled messes.

In 1939, after being released from prison, Galante again got the awkward job of his old job at the Lublin Artificial Flower Company. In February 1941, Galante became a member of Local 856 of the Longshorman Union, where he apparently worked as a stevedore. However, it is likely that Galante very rarely shows up for work; one of the perks of being a member of the mafia.

The exact date is unknown, but Galante was introduced as a member of the Bonano crime family in the early 1940s. Despite the fact that his boss is Joe Bonano, at that time the youngest Mafia boss in America, Galante made many hits for Vito Genovese, all in their 30s and 40s.

While Genovese was in self-imposed exile in Italy (he was wanted on a murder charge and flew to the party before he could be arrested), Genovese became fast friends with the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. Mussolini had a stone in his shoe in America called Carlo Treza. Tressa provoked a great deal of agitation by Mussolini, constantly writing anti-fascist sentiment in his radical Italian language, the Il Martello newspaper, which was sold in Italian communities in America.

Genovese sent a message back to America to Frank Garofalo, Lieutenant General Joseph Bonano, saying that Tresa had to go. Garofalo contracted with Tresa to Galante, who overshadowed Tresa for a few days to determine the best time and place to hit him.

On January 11, 1943, Treza was walking along Fifth Avenue near 13th Street when a black Ford sedan pulled past him. The Ford stopped and Galante jumped out with a hot gun in his hand. Galante blasted Tress several times in the back and in the head, killing the newspaper editor instantly. It is amazing that Galante was seen by his release officer fleeing the scene of the accident, but because of the military norms of gasoline, the parole officer failed to follow the black Ford containing Galante and the smoking weapon. There has never been an arrest for Teresa’s murder.

In 1953, Bonano sent Galante to Montreal, Canada, to take control of the interests of the Bonano family north of the border. In addition to the very lucrative Canadian gambling rockets, Bonannos were heavy in importing heroin, from France to Canada, and then to America, the notorious French connection. Galante has been managing the Canadian drug operation for three years. But in 1956, Canadian police came across Galante’s involvement. Not having enough evidence to arrest Galante, they instead deport Galante to America, classifying Galante as “unwanted extraterrestrial.”

In 1957, Genovese called for a summit of all the highest-ranking Mafioso in America to be held at the upper New York residence of Apolachin by Joseph Barbara, a captain in the family of the buffalo crimes of Stefano Magadino. In preparation for this meeting, on October 19, 1956, a number of major crimes in New York State were called in to overcome the directions of the proposed meeting; the main purpose of which was to anoint Genovese as Capo di Tutti Capi or Boss of All Bosses.

After the meeting ended, driving back to New York, Galante was caught speeding near Birmingham, New York. As his driver’s license was terminated, Galante handed the phone to police. He was immediately arrested and sentenced to 30 days in prison. The Mafia’s tentacles, however, reached the New York State Police Department. After several New York attorneys made the right phone calls in the state of New York with motivated calls, Galante was released within 48 hours. Still, a state trooper by the name of Sergeant Edgar Roswell took note of the fact that Galante had admitted to police that he had spent the night last night at the Arlington Hotel, hosting a local businessman named Joseph Barbara. This prompted Roswell to pay particular attention to Barbara’s residence in Apalachin, New York.

Less than a month later, on November 17, 1957, at the insistence of Don Vito Genovese, mafia members from across America made their way to the Barbara residence. These men included Sam Giancana of Chicago, Santo Trafante of Florida, John Scalish of Cleveland and Joe Profaci and Tommy Luchese of New York. Galante boss Joe Bonano decided not to attend, and he sent for him.

Sergeant Roswell became aware of the fact that the day before the nearby Arlington Hotel had been booked for lifts with suspicious outside tugboats. Roswell asked the right questions, and he was able to confirm that the man who made the reservations for these men was Joseph Barbara himself. Roswell walked over to Barbara’s resident, and he noticed dozens of luxury cars parked outside, some with signs outside the city.

Roswell called for support, and within minutes, dozens of state troopers arrived with their rifles drawn. The corpses attacked Barbara’s residence and chaos ensued. Men wearing expensive suits, hats and shoes attached to the house. Some were immediately arrested; some got to their cars and left the property before obstacles were erected by police. Others jumped out of the windows and clung to the thorny forest. One of these men was Carmine Galante, who hid in a cornfield until police left Barbara’s residence. He then returned to Barbara’s home and arranged for his safe passage back to New York.

The next day, when the news of the attack on Barbara’s house hit American newspapers, blowing the lid on the delusional idea that the mafia was a myth, Galante went into the wind or, in a Mafia plan, he “pulled out a Lamia.” On January 8, 1958, the New York Herald Tribune wrote that Galante had escaped to Italy to hang out with old friend Salvatore “Lucky” Luciano, who had been in exile in Italy after serving nine years in an American prison for trumped-up prostitution charging. Another report says that it was not Luciano Galante, but rather Joe “Adonis” Doto, another exiled Mafia boss in Italy. On January 9, an American from the New York Magazine stated that Galante was not in Italy at all, but in Havana, Cuba, with Meyer Lansky, a longtime member of the National Crime Commission, who has numerous interests in casinos in Cuba.

In April 1958, somehow it expired that Galante was already back in the United States and living somewhere in the New York area. Local law went into operation and in July Galante was arrested by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics while driving near Holmdale, New Jersey. He was accused of engaging in a major heroin deal involving one of Galante’s many. Vito Genovese, John Ormento, Joe Di Palermo and Vincent Gigante were arrested in the same case. Galante, again using his cadre of New York attorneys, was released on $ 100,000 bail. Galante’s attorneys were able to delay any further court proceedings by almost two years. It was not until May 17, 1960 that Galante was formally charged and again released on bail.

On January 20, 1961, Galante’s trial finally began and Judge Thomas F. Murphy overturned Galante’s bail by ordering Galante to be imprisoned. However, Galante’s luck lingered when a manifesto was announced on May 15. It appeared that the jury foreman, a poor chief named Harry Apel, a 68-year-old clothing maker, had the misfortune to fall down the stairs in a 15th Street building in Manhattan. After the medics arrived and Apel was taken to a nearby hospital, Apel was found to have received a broken back. No one had seen Apel fall, nor did the injured and frightened Apel say he had hit him. Although they have no clear evidence, law enforcement officials believe Apel was pushed out of the cohort by Galante with a warning not to say anything to anyone and they would allow Apel and his family members to live.

Galante, now alive and well, was released from jail on $ 135,000 bond.

Alas, but all good things must be done.

In April 1962, Galante’s second trial began.

During the trial, there was some chaos in the courtroom when one of Galante’s co-defendants, a nasty creature named Tony Mira (who is said to have killed 30-40 people), became so unobtrusive that he lifted a chair and threw it at the prosecutor. Fortunately for the prosecutor, the chairman missed it and landed in the jury box, forcing scared jurors to scatter in all directions. The order was restored in court and the process continued, which was bad news for both Galante and Mira. Both men were found guilty and on July 10, 1962 Galante was sentenced to thirty years in prison. Mira was also sent to prison for a very long time. It is unclear whether extra time has been awarded to Mira’s sentence for the chair-throwing incident.

Galante was first sent to Alcatraz Prison, located on an island fortress in San Francisco Bay. He was then transferred to a Lewisburg penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas, before serving his final years in prison at the United States Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Finally Galante was released from prison on January 24, 1974, full of fire and brimstone, and ready to go to work. However, Galante should be released by 1981, so he must be careful not to maintain a high profile. Unfortunately, being in the background was not in Galante’s makeup.

While in prison, Galante made it clear that when he got out of prison, he would take control of the New York Mafia by the throat. The adopted head of the five mafia families in New York at the time was Carlo Gambino, head of the Gambino crime family. Gambino was shrewd and generally quiet and reserved; well respected for his business sense and his ability to keep peace among his own family, as well as other mafia families. However, Galante had to use Gambino or his method of doing business.

At the time of Galante’s release, his boss Joe Bonano was forced to “retire” and live in Tucson, Arizona. Bonano’s new boss was Rusty Rastelli. But since Rastelli was in a slap at the time, Galante took on the role of Bonanos’ “street boss”. Still, Rastelli was considered to be the head of the Bonanos, and he wasn’t happy about Galante sticking his things out on the streets of New York.

Galante took the unusual step and was not appreciated by other members of the Bonano crime family, surrounding himself with Sicily-born Mafioso like Caesar Bonventre, Salvatore Catalano and Baldo Amato. These men were derisively called “zippers” by the American mafia because of the swift manner in which they passed through the Italian language. Тези ципове бяха силно замесени в търговията с наркотици и в пряка опозиция с онези от семейството на престъпленията в Генувезе, което беше управлявано от Фунци Тиери, всеки малко по-хитър и порочен като Галанте.

Галанте имаше лек неуспех, когато през 1978 г. той бе арестуван от федералите за “свързване с известни престъпници”, което беше нарушение на неговата условно освобождаване. Докато Галанте се задушава в затвора, той заповядва на хората си да убиват мафиоти в семействата на престъпления в Геновезе и Гамбино, които участват в световната операция на наркотиците в Галанте. С Карло Гамбино, който вече е мъртъв (от естествени причини), Галанте прецени, че има мускулите да изтласка другите фонове на семейството на престъпността на заден план. От затвора той изпрати съобщението до другите шефове: “Кой от вас ще се изправи срещу мен?”

На 1 март 1979 г. Галанте е освободен от затвора и ходи по ефир, защото наистина вярваше, че другите престъпни босове се страхуват от него. Подобно на Вито Дженовезе преди него, Галанте се представяше за „шеф на всички босове“ и беше само въпрос на време другите шефове да се спуснат пред Галанте и да му връчат титлата.

Галант обаче подценяваше силата и волята на другите шефове на Мафиозо в Ню Йорк. Докато Галанте се разхождаше по улиците на Ню Йорк, другите шефове проведоха среща в Бока Ратон, Флорида, за да решат съдбата на Галанте. На тази среща присъстваха Фунци Тиери, Джери Катена, Пол Кастелано и шефът на Флорида Санто Трафанте. Тези мощни мъже гласуваха единодушно, ако трябва да има мир на мафията по улиците на Ню Йорк, Галанте трябваше да отиде. Растели, който все още беше в затвора, беше консултиран и дори възрастният Джо Бонано, живеещ в Аризона, беше попитан дали има резерви към бившия си близък сътрудник. И Растели, и Бонано подписаха договора за убийство на Галанте, а дните на Галанте бяха преброени.

На 12 юли 1979 г. беше горещ и лепкав летен ден, когато 69-годишната Карлин Галанте Линкълн се изтегли на 205 Knickerbocker Avenue, в участъка Бушвик в Бруклин. Повече от 50 години Авеню на Knickerbocker беше тревата на семейството на престъпления в Бонано и през годините се проведоха многобройни посегателства в една от няколкото витрини на блока.

Кармин Галант излезе от Линкълн, след което махна сбогом на шофьора: неговия племенник Джеймс Галанте. Кармин Галанте беше облечена в бяла плетена риза с къс ръкав и, както беше по негов обичай, смучеше огромна пура на Чърчил. Галанте се втурна вътре в мъничкия ресторант и бе приветстван от Джо Турано, собственика на Джо и ресторант Мери. Галанте бе направил това посещение, за да се срещне с Турано и с Леонард „Нардо“ Копола, близък сътрудник на Галанте, за някои неопределени бизнес мафиоти.

Приблизително в 1:30 ч. Капола влезе в ресторанта, придружен от ципове Балдо Амато и Чезаре Бонвентре, които бяха братовчеди, и от същото село с родителите на Галанте: Castellammarese del Golfo. По това време Галанте и Турано вече бяха приключили с яденето си, така че, докато тримата новодошли седяха вътре и обядваха, Галанте и Турано се измъкнаха навътре във вътрешния двор и седнаха под чадър с жълто-тюркоаз. След като Капола, Бонвентре и Амато приключиха с вечерята, те се присъединиха към другите двама мъже отвън. Галанте и Турано пушеха пури и пиеха еспресо кафе, изпъстрено с Анисета (само туристи и неиталианци пият Самбука).

Галанте седеше с гръб към малка градина, докато Амато седеше отляво, а Бонвентре отдясно. Турано и Капола седяха от другата страна на масата с гръб към вратата, която водеше към ресторанта.

Около 14:40 ч. Синьо Mercury Montego двойно паркира пред Джо и Ресторант Мери. Колата е била открадната преди около месец. Шофьорът, облечен в червена райета ски маска, която покриваше лицето му, излезе от колата и застана нащрек, държейки в ръцете си заплашително карабина M.3030 M1. Други трима мъже, също носещи ски маски, скочиха от колата и се впуснаха в ресторанта. Преминаха покрай няколкото стреснати вечери, които все още ядеха обяда, и се втурнаха в зоната на вътрешния двор.

Когато влязоха във вътрешния двор, един маскиран мъж каза на другия: „Вземете го, Сал!“

Стрелецът, наречен „Сал“, започна няколко пъти да стреля с двуколесна пушка по Галанте, като задвижваше Галанте, докато се издигаше от стола, на гърба си. Галанте беше ударен с 30 пелети, като единият му изби лявото око. Галанте вероятно беше мъртъв, преди да удари земята, пурата му все още се заби плътно между зъбите.

Докато Галанте беше застрелян, Джо Турано извика: “Какво правиш?”

Същият стрелец се обърна към Турано и с пушката, притисната към гърдите на Турано, взриви Турано във вечността.

Капола скочи от масата или Амато, или Бонвентре (не е ясно кой е стрелял) застреля Капола в лицето, а след това пет пъти в гърдите. Капола кацна с лицето надолу, а убиецът с пушката се удари от гърба на главата на Копола.

След това тримата маскирани мъже изтичаха от ресторанта и влязоха в чакащата кола за бягство. Според свидетели пред ресторанта колата се е качила на авеню Knickerbocker до Flushing Avenue, след което изчезнала зад ъгъла. Бонвентре и Амато, които носеха кожени якета въпреки задушаващата жега, скоро последваха тримата артилеристи от ресторанта. Те спокойно тръгнаха надолу по блока, влязоха в син Линкълн и потеглиха, сякаш бяха полагали грижи по света.

Тялото на Галанте беше положено в погребалния дом в Провансано-Ланза на 43 Второ авеню от Долната Източна страна. Тълпите, които обикновено придружават мафиотски събуждания от този вид, по-специално липсваха. Галанте е погребан на 17 юли на гробището Сейнт Джон в Куинс. По време на броенето федералите само 59 души присъстваха на погребалната маса и погребението на Галанте. Федерите съобщиха също, че нито един мъж, накарал мафията, е бил заловен на камери за наблюдение, нито след събуждането, нито на погребението.

Един Фед, коментирайки оскъдната избирателна активност, каза: “Галанте беше толкова лош, хората не искаха да го виждат, дори когато беше мъртъв.”

Въпреки че вестниците изиграха убийството със страховити снимки на първа страница, широката общественост изглеждаше неприлична по отношение на мащаба на събитието. Младо момче се приближи до полицай, който стоеше охраняващ будката.

“Актьор ли беше?” – каза детето на ченгето.

Полицаят отговорил: „Не, той беше гангстер“.


Mafioti – Carlo Gambino

He was a quiet man who dressed unnoticed and knew that he never lost his composure. But no doubt, Carlo Gambino, with his huge hawk nose and mysterious smile, was one of the most powerful Mafia bosses of all time.

Gambino was born in Palermo, Sicily on August 24, 1902. The area of ​​Palermo, called Kakamo, in which Gambino grew up, had such an intense presence of the mafia, the police, and even the military were afraid to invade it. This left the mafia running the area with impunity, knowing what they would do would not be reported to the police if the police were even interested in what happened there in the first place.

Carlo's mother's girlfriend was Castellano, and she used her influence with her family, who were Mafiosos, to introduce Gambino to Men of Respect when Gambino was just a teenager. Gambino, which was lightly built and only 5-foot-7, quietly impressed its superiors with its serenity, intelligence and ability to do what it needed to do, even if it meant killing someone who had to be killed.

In 1921, just before his twentieth birthday, Gambino was rewarded for his good deed by being introduced to the Mafia, or what was known in Italy as the "Honored Society". However, because of Benito's Mussolini vendetta against the Mafia (Mussolini arrested many mafias, including top mafia boss Don Vito Casio Ferro, who was sentenced to life in prison), many mafias, including Gambino, decided that Sicily was too dangerous for they exist the way they used to. As a result, there was a huge outpouring of Mafioso to this golden mountain across the Atlantic called America.

In late 1921, Gambino left Sicily on an SS Vincenzo Florio truck heading for America. Throughout the voyage, Gambino recreated nothing but wine and anchovies, which except olive oil were the only nutrients on board.

On December 23, 1921, SS Vincenzo Florio docked in Norfolk, Virginia, and Gambino was deactivated as an illegal immigrant. Dressed in a natural three-piece suit and black Fedora, Gambino walked up the gangplank, searching for a car, and was told that when he left for Palermo, he would wait for him when he was calling to America, with flashing lights at the end of the dock. He noticed the car and when he arrived in it, Gambino saw Castellano's cousin sitting behind the wheel. They hugged each other and headed to New York in seconds.

When Gambino arrived in New York, he was pleased to discover that his cousins ​​Castellano had already rented an apartment on Navy Street in Brooklyn, near the shore. They also put Gambino to work for a transportation company owned by his first cousins ​​Peter and Paul Castellano. Soon Gambino became involved in the illegal bootlegger business run by his Palermo partner Tommy Luchese. The ban was created with the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919, which prohibits the production, sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages, but not consumption. In practice, something led to another, and soon Gambino was the main gear crew of Joe "Chief" Maseria, the most powerful mafia in America.

However, another Mafioso escaped Mussolini's anger and arrived in America in the mid-20s. His name was Salvatore Marantzano, second in command of don Vito Casio Ferro in Sicily. Maranzano estimated that the Sicilian Mafioso was far superior to the one in America, so it was natural for him to become the top mafia boss in America. This did not affect Masseria well and the result was the Castellammarese war that flooded the streets of New York with many dead bodies from 1929-31.

Maseria's crew soon joined top mafia men such as Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello, Albert Anastasia and Vito Genovese, who were well connected with Jewish gangsters Mayer Lansky and Bugsy Siegel. However, since Maseria did not like his people doing business with non-Sicilians (Costello, real name Castile, was from Calabria), Luciano, Costello, Anastasia and Genovese were hoping for their time, hoping that maybe Maseria, and Marantzano will knock each other off so that younger men can take control of all their operations.

However, it was Gambino who made the first move to remedy this situation. Sensing that he was on the losing side of the battle, Gambino secretly approached Marantzano and offered to jump on Marantzano's side. Maranzano readily agreed, and soon Luciano, Costello, Anastasia and Genovese also want to join Maranzano's forces. Marantzano accepted their offer, provided they depart from Maseria once and for all. This task was accomplished on April 15, 1931, when Luciano lured Maseria to the Nuova Villa Tammaro restaurant on Coney Island. While Luciano was taking a break in the bathroom, Siegel, Genovese, Anastasia and the Jewish murderer Red Levin burst through the front door and filled Maseria with lead, which made him quite dead and put an end to the Castelamarez War.

Marantzano immediately called for a meeting of all the top mafioso in the city (reportedly over 500 men) at a warehouse in the Bronx. At this meeting Marantzano said, "Whatever happened in the past is over. There will be no more hatred between us. Those who lost someone in the war must be forgiven and forgotten."

Maranzano then began to form five families, each with a boss and a villain. Under the two senior men, each family would have capiregimes or captains who would rule the rest of the family: sellatos or soldiers. The five bosses were Joe Bonano, Joe Profaci, Lucky Luciano, Tommy Luchese and Vincent Mangano. Albert Anastasia became a Mangano Fit, and Carlo Gambino became a Captain in the Mangano Family. Of course, Marantzano became the "boss of all bosses" (Capo Di Tutti Capi), which did not sit well with the rest of the young mafia.

Despite all the fairy tales of "no more hatred between us," Marantzano had a secret plan to kill Luciano, Genovese, and Costello – men whom Marantzano thought was ambitious and a threat to his rule. Maranzano called on the vicious Irish killer Vincent Crazy Dog Cole to eliminate his perceived competition. Marantzano paid Cole $ 25,000 on the spot, with another $ 25,000 still pending when the dirty work was done. To place the trap, Marzantano invited Luciano, Genovese and Costello to his office in Manhattan, Middletown.

However, Luciano caught the wind of the conspiracy through an informant close to Maranzano, who is believed to be Tommy Luchese. Instead of reporting to Marzano's office, Luciano sent four Jewish murderers to a proposed meeting led by Red Levin, one of the men who rejected Masseria. The four men posing as detectives bulldozed their way past Maranzano's bodyguards in the outer cabinet. Then they blew up at Marzano's office, where he was stabbed and shot to death. As they left the building, the four killers collided with Cole's "Crazy Dog". They told him not to worry – Marantzano was dead and police were on their way. Cole got his face whistling a happy tune, making $ 25,000 in salary without firing a single shot.

Luciano soon called the bosses of the other four mafia families and told them that the title "boss of all bosses" had been eliminated by Marzano. Luciano then formed a National Crime Commission, comprising Jewish mobsters Mayer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel and Holland Schulz.

Gambino, now firmly established as a captain in the Mangano family, has become the largest money maker in the entire New York mafia. And in the Mafia, money carries prestige.

In 1932, his pockets burst with money, Gambino married his first cousin, Catherine Castellano Carlo, and Catherine Gambino, eventually raising three sons and a daughter. (Marriage to first cousins ​​is common in Italy and not frowned upon in the United States as it is today. In fact, marriage to first cousins ​​is already illegal in most, but not all, states. Editors note: My paternal grandparents my countries are the first cousins ​​married in Sicily in the early 1900s)

When the ban was lifted in 1933, Gambino was already ready to make money from the now-legitimate buoyancy business, but he did it illegally. While the ban thrived on illegal sales to the mafia, Gambino planned the days when he knew the ban would end. To achieve his goals, Gambino took out as many illegal photographs as possible; in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and even as far as Maryland. When the ban ended and the price of alcohol blew through the roof, Gambino had the largest illegal alcohol distribution system on America's east coast. And since he was making the drink himself and paying no government taxes, Gambino could be undercutting legitimate distributors, making himself and the Mangano family a small fortune in the mid to late 1930s.

The start of World War II gave Gambino another opportunity to win even more illegal money through his war-time rockets. With the inevitable war against Germany and Japan, on August 28, 1941, the United States Government established the Office of Price Management (OPA), which is tasked with printing and distributing ration stamps to the American public. Without these seals, people would not be able to buy gasoline, tires, shoes, nylon, sugar, fuel oil, coffee, meat and processed foods. Gambino figured out that the only way he could get the hands of women's brands to sell on the black market was to steal them straight.

Gambino sent his best second-floor crackers and men to the vaults of the Office of Price Management and they came up with hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of steel stamps. When some low-level OPA employees realized that the brands were being stolen by the mafia, they decided to bargain by stealing the ration stamps themselves and selling them to Gambino and his boys, at a bargain price, of course. . Gambino figured out why he risked stealing the ration's brands with the opportunity to catch himself. So he took the suggestion of the crooked OPA staff and started buying stamps of their rations.

The beauty of this scheme was that Gambino already had a ready distribution network: its network of illicit alcohol distributors. In October 1963, Mafia informant Joe Valachi testified to the Investigative Subcommittee on Government Operations of the Arkansas Sector, John L. McCellon, that with just one rationing deal, Gambino made over $ 1 million in profits.

Being a talented businessman, Gambino knew he couldn't live the high life without reporting significant revenue to the government. Thus, Gambino invests the money he makes from his illegal operations, valued at several million dollars, in legal businesses such as meat markets, pizzerias, olive and cheese importers, mapping companies, clothing factories, bakeries and restaurants.

By 1951, the Mangano family, thanks to Gambino's incredible ability to generate income, was one of the most prosperous in the Mafia. The problem was that Mangano did not get along with his Anastasia subsystem. Mangano was jealous of Anastasia's closeness to other bosses, such as Frank Costello and Lucky Luciano, who was in exile in Italy; an agreement for a pardon agreement he received from the United States government after serving 9 years in prison on a prostitution charge. Several times Mangano physically attacks Anastasia, a foolish move, as the younger and stronger Anastasia easily beats her boss in the fist.

With rumors that Mangano was planning to kill Anastasia, Anastasia, with the blessing of crime boss Frank Costello, decided to strike first. On April 19, 1951, the body of Phil Mangano, Vincent Mangano's brother, was found in the swamp near Sheep Bay. He was shot five times in the head. When police investigating the murder tried to contact Vincent Mangano about his brother's death, they were unable to trace him. Vincent Mangano's body was never found.

Until days Anastasia sat down with the other bosses and explained that he had killed Mangano before Mangano could kill him. With the support of Costello, Anastasia came across the head of the Mangano family, and the name was changed to the Anastasia family. Anastasia made Frank Scalis and Joe Adonis his underdogs and he gave Capo Carlo Gambino more men and more power in the organization.

However, Anastasia's reign lasted less than seven years. Anastasia was repeatedly banging her head with vicious crime boss Vito Genovese, who sought to take all rackets in New York, even if it meant killing other bosses one by one. Anastasia received a terrible blow when his good-looking Joe Adonis was deported back to Italy as an unwanted foreigner. Anastasia knew that his days were numbered when, in early 1956, Frank Costello was shot in the head by the young hero Vincent "The Brand" Gigante. Costello survives the shooting, and during the Gigante process, Costello, true to the Omeria mafia code, refuses to name Gigante as his attacker.

However, this significantly reduced Costello's power in the Mafia and, at Genovese's insistence, Costello was released as one of the five Mafia Commission chiefs. This left Anastasia without his closest ally and put Anastasia in a vulnerable position. Shortly afterwards, another Anastasia tray, Frank Scalis, was shot while shopping for fruits and vegetables on Arthur Avenue in the Bronx.

The last shoe was dropped when, on October 25, 1957, Anastasia was shot to death while sitting in a barber chair at the Sheridan Park Hotel in Manhattan, Manhattan. With Anastasia already dead, Genovese called for a move with the other bosses and suggested Carlo Gambino, whom he plotted to kill Anastasia, to take Anastasia's family. The commission agreed and they renamed the Gambino family.

The greedy Genovese has called for a meeting of all the criminal bosses, runners-up, captains and respected mafia men in America, to be held in the sleepy city of Appalachian, New York, at the home of Joseph Barbara, the crime family of buffalo criminal boss, Stefano Mag. . There were a few issues on Genovese's agenda, but the primary point was that Genovese would declare itself as "Capo Di Tutti Capi" or "Boss of All Bosses", a title that was blank after Salvatore Maranzano's death.

On November 17, 1957, dozens of mobsters stormed Barbara's home. The group included crime bosses John Skalish, of Cleveland, Sam Giancana of Chicago, Frank Desimone of California, Santo Trafante of Florida, Gerardo Catena and Frank Majuri of New Jersey, as well as Carlo Gambino, Joe Profaci, Tommy Luchese from New York.

Before the celebrations began, however, State Sergeant Edgar Roswell, along with a dozen state troopers, stormed the house. Later, Roswell said he became suspicious when he saw Joseph Barbara Jr. book a hotel for a dozen or so end-of-life people. Roswell said he then traveled to Barbara's residence and saw dozens of luxury cars parked in and around Barbara's estate. Roswell said he called for a heavy backup and when his soldiers arrived, they made a move.

Later, a rumor spread that Meyer Lansky himself, who is not a big fan of Vito Genovese, cut off state troops for the upcoming Mafia convention.

Anyway, when the soldiers storm the house, Mafioso, like in a Chinese fire drill, scattered in all directions. Men in expensive suits were bouncing, though with windows open, and if they couldn't get to their cars, they would take him back on foot through the woods, ruining his patent leather shoes. Sam Giancana escaped safely by running through the woods, and Bonano underestimated Carmine Galente. But both men were porridge; their suits destroyed by thorny bushes. Some cars removed it from the property before a barrier was erected, but most did not. When the dust cleared, 58 mafia members were detained and told to empty their pockets. A total of $ 300,000 in cash was found for the 58 men, making state police even more suspicious of the meeting.

The meeting was characterized by the men who chose not to attend. In addition to Lansky, absent were Frank Costello, Carlo Marcello of New Orleans, and Lansky's friend Joseph "Doc" Stracher.

Of the 58 men detained, 27 were charged with obstruction of justice, 27 of which were convicted of refusing to answer questions about the purpose of the meeting. One of the men convicted was Gambino's cousin Paul Castellano, who had to get out at the end of the year.

Прекъснатата среща, повече от всичко друго, доведе до разпадането на Вито Дженовезе. Той не само, че не получи възвишеното заглавие „шеф на всички босове“, но и се превърна в пария в мафията; присмива се като глупав и алчен да призовава толкова много важни мъже на едно и също място едновременно за собствените му цели.

В деня след нападението вестниците на цялата нация разпространиха истории на първа страница за инцидента. Вече не можеха мъжете на мафията да твърдят, че мафията не съществува. Полицията и директорът на ФБР Дж. Едгар Хувър, който години наред отрича съществуването на мафията, изпаднаха в ярост, оказвайки силен натиск върху операциите на мафията.

Въпреки че в началото Карло Гамбино изглеждаше жертва на обстоятелства, хитрият ветеран на мафията замисли да превърне инцидента в своя полза. Всъщност имаше спекулации, че Гамбино знае за нападението предварително и отиде там нарочно, така че никой няма да го подозира, че е попаднал в предателството; което би имало смисъл в светлината на по-нататъшното развитие.

След като Genovese все още се задушава от загубата на лицето си, Гамбино се сговори с Франк Костело, Майер Лански и Лъки Лучано (все още в изгнание в Италия, но в състояние да се придвижва свободно в Куба, за да се срещне с приятелите си), за да накара Genovese до врата си в многомилионна международна сделка с наркотици. Дори мисълта, че търговията с наркотици е забранена от мафията, алчният Дженовезе не можеше да устои на желанието да направи тон тесто.

Когато дойде моментът, Гамбино съобщи на Бюрото за наркотици относно сделката с наркотиците, което доведе до ареста на Дженовезе. В процеса на Genovese Гамбино плати фалшив свидетел на име Нелсън Кантелопс, който настоя на позицията на свидетелите, че Genovese не е участвал само в тази конкретна сделка с наркотици, но всъщност е участвал в десетки сделки с наркотици през годините. В резултат на това Genovese беше осъден на 15 години затвор. Дженовезе излежава малко повече от десет години от присъдата си, преди да умре в затвора на 14 февруари 1969 г.

Със загиналата Анастасия, Дженовезе в затвора, Лучано в изгнание, Франк Костело в основата на мафиотския контур, Джо Профачи остарява и отслабва, а Джо Бонано има относително малко семейство на престъпления, Карло Гамбино безспорно става най-могъщият шеф на мафията в Америка. Екипажът му от над 500 мъже, излезли на улицата, включваше неговия подцерец Джо Биондо, консилера Джоузеф Рикобоно и капос Арманд "Томи" Рава, Аниело "Мистър Нийл" Делакроче, Пол Кастелано, Кармин "Докторът" Ломбарджици, Йосиф " Джо Пайни "Armone, и Carmine" Wagon Wheels "Fatico.

Гамбино разшири своите предприятия в цяла САЩ. Освен в Ню Йорк, Гамбино имаше пръсти в пота в Чикаго, Лос Анджелис, Маями, Бостън, Сан Франциско и Лас Вегас. Гамбино управлява и мощния Международен съюз за дълги дрехи, който контролира всички докове в Ню Йорк, основното пристанище за внос в Америка.

След като Джо Валачи стана първият известен мафиотски информатор, Гамбино затвърди правилото, забраняващо продажбата на наркотици в екипажа му. Рационалното на Гамбино беше, че наказанията за продажба на наркотици са толкова тежки, че хората могат да се превърнат в плъх, когато бъдат арестувани, вместо да си правят времето в затвора, както правиха истинските мъже от мафията в миналото. Семейната политика на Гамбино беше „Сделка и умиране“ и той прилага това правило без изключения.

Карайки се на върха на мафиотската грамада, Карло Гамбино стана популярна фигура в кварталните улици на Малка Италия в Ню Йорк. Докато другите шефове се барикадираха в именията си, с въоръжена бодигард, охранителна аларма и електрифицирани огради, Гамбино безнаказано обикаляше улиците, спирайки да разговаря със стари приятели, докато им купуваха зеленчуци и плодове от улични продавачи. Гамбино отиде до Ферара на Гранд Стрийт, между Мълбъри и Мот, за сладкиши. Тогава той ще се разходи по блока, за да вземе италианските си меса, сирена и италиански деликатеси от Алева, на ъгъла на Mulberry and Grand.

От март 1970 г. Гамбино започва да има проблеми със закона. Докато той се разхождаше по улица в Бруклин, Гамбино беше заобиколен от полицията в Ню Йорк и членове на ФБР. Арестуваха Гамбино и го обвиниха в овладяване на схема за откраднат пари в размер на 30 милиона долара от бронирана фирма за камиони, разположена в Бронкс. В крайна сметка срещу Гамбино бе повдигнато обвинение, но делото беше прекратено поради липса на доказателства.

Това принуди федерите да изпробват друга тактика, за да извадят Гамбино от улиците. През 1966 г. правителството е издало заповед за депортиране на Гамбино, но по някаква причина заповедта никога не е била изпълнена. В началото на 1971 г., след като съпругата на Гамбино Катрин почина от рак, федерите наистина се опитаха да приложат тази заповед, но като чуха за неговата непосредствена опасност, хитрият Гамбино фалшифицира сериозен сърдечен удар. Федерите бяха ядосани в играта на Гамбино, така че те бяха накарали американската служба за обществено здраве да даде на Гамбино пълна физическа активност. Федесите се разстроиха, когато бе установено, че Гамбино наистина има тежко сърдечно заболяване. Това е потвърдено през 1972 г., когато Гамбино е притиснат от дома си в 2230 Ocean Parkway, в Бруклин, до болницата Columbus в Манхатън с масивен сърдечен удар. Защо болница в Бруклин не е подходяща за Гамбино, никога не беше разкрито.

Докато се възстановяваше вкъщи, Гамбино наруши един от законите, които сам постанови – „Разправи наркотици и умри“. Действащият шеф на генуезците Томас „Томи Райън“ Еболи се обърна към Гамбино с предложение „не може да пропусне“ предложение за посредничество на многомилионна сделка с наркотици с Луис Цивило, считан от федерацията за най-големия търговец на наркотици в Америка. Проблемът беше, че Еболи, бивш мениджър по бокс и известен лош комарджия, нямаше нужните 4 милиона долара, за да продължи операцията. Гамбино изпрати на Еболи 4-те милиона долара, но той загуби всичко, когато федералите арестуваха Цивило и конфискува наркотиците и парите. Когато Гамбино се приближи до Еболи за липсващите му 4 милиона долара, Еболи обърна джобовете си навътре, което показва, че е плосък счупен.

Това не зарадва твърде много Гамбино. В резултат на това около 16:00, на 16 юли 1972 г., Еболи е застрелян пет пъти, докато напуска апартамента на приятелката си в Crown Heights, Бруклин. Еболи умря на място, а Гамбино имаше достатъчно влияние в комисията на мафията, за да нареди неговият близък приятел, капитанът на Дженовезе Франк "Фунзи" Тиери, да бъде новият шеф на семейство Дженовезе. И така беше направено.

Гамбино имаше още един неуспех, когато в началото на 1973 г. 29-годишният му племенник Емануел "Мани" Гамбино беше отвлечен заради откуп. Същата тази банда преди това е отвлякла капитана на семейство Gambino Crime, Франк „Frankie the Wop“ Manzo за 100 000 долара. След като тази сума беше платена за безопасното завръщане на Манцо, бандата стана по-амбициозна при отвличането на Мани Гамбино – този път поиска 200 000 долара. Гамбино се опита да се пазари, като им предложи само 50 000 долара. Скоро след това тялото на Мани Гамбино е намерено в седнало положение на сметище в Ню Джърси в близост до морското боеприпаси на Ърле. На 1 юни 1973 г. изроденият комарджия Робърт Сентер се призна за виновен за убийството и е осъден на петнадесет години затвор. Явно Senter е паднал в дългове към Gambino и е по-лесно да убие Gambino след това да плати дълга.

След смъртта на племенника си усложни агонията от смъртта на съпругата си, Гамбино стана отшелник в къщата си на Ocean Parkway. Заобиколи се с членове на семейството, най-вече братовчед му Пол Кастелано. До 1975 г. беше ясно, че сърдечното състояние на Гамбино няма да му позволи да живее много по-дълго. Така той започнал да планира наследяването си като глава на семейството на престъпността Гамбино. Искайки да запази властта в собствената си фамилна кръв, Гамбино помаза братовчед си Пол Кастелано, за да го наследи.

Това не надмина и останалите Гамбинос, които очакваха дългогодишния Мафиосо Аниело Делакроче да бъде естественият наследник на Гамбино. За да успокои Делакроче, Гамбино му даде всички ракети от Манхатън, контролирани от семейство Гамбино. И това наистина беше голям подарък.

На 15 октомври 1976 г. Карло Гамбино си пое последния дъх, когато сърцето му най-накрая се раздаде. Погребението на Гамбино беше едно от най-сложните, случвало се някога в град Бруклин. Повече от 100 автомобила взеха участие в погребалното шествие, което завърши на гробището Сейнт Джон в Куинс, Ню Йорк; на същото гробище беше погребан неговият приятел през целия живот Чарлз „Лъки“ Лучано.

Във филма от 1985 г. "Честта на Прици", режисиран от Джон Хъстън и с участието на Джак Никълсън, актьорът Уилям Хики играе Дон Коррадо Прици, герой, базиран на Дон Карло Гамбино.


Mafiots, Gangs, Criminals and Scammers – Allie "Tick Tock" Tannenbaum

It was thin rail (140 pounds – tops) and strikingly beautiful. Still, Ali Tanenbaum, who started as a worker at his father's Catskill hotel, has become one of Murder Incorporated's most accomplished killers. Tannenbaum also became a rat who helped put his boss, Louis "Lepke" Bookletter in the electric chair.

Tanenbaum was born on January 17, 1906 in Nanticoke, PA. When Tannenbaum was only two years old, his father Sam moved the family to Orchard Street, in the lower east side of Manhattan. In New York, Sam Tanenbaum, as well as in Pennsylvania, operated a common store. As a teenager, Ali Tanenbaum had a habit of always talking, talking, talking. He talked so much, people said it sounded like a clock – hence the nickname Tick Tock.

After World War I, Sam Tanenbaum raised enough money to buy the Loch Sheldrake Country Club in Catskills, New York. By the time his father bought the village club, Ali was already in his third year of high school (later also attending college for several semesters). This was quite an achievement, as most boys of the Tannenbaum age in the Lower East Side had already dropped out of school after grade 8 and were working in jobs, some legal and others not so legal. Taking advantage of his son, Sam Tanenbaum hired Ali at his hotel, either waiting at tables or setting up beach chairs by the lake. Despite the early hard work he had imposed on his son, Sam Tannenbaum raised Ali as his replacement. Yet it was not to be.

The Loch Sheldrake Country Club was a ritual establishment and housed many wealthy Jewish families for their summer vacations. Jewish gangsters also visited the village club. Among them were Harry Greeny Greenberg, Louis Lepke and his partner Jacob Gura Shapiro. Shapiro was a thick-breasted gorilla of a man who supplied the muscle for many of Lepke's illegal businesses. Whenever Shapiro was angry, and often was, his favorite phrase was, "Get out of here." Yet, with his gravelly voice, the phrase sounded like "Gura is nowhere". Therefore, his friends gave him the nickname Shapiro Gura.

Ali Tanenbaum met some of the visitors to the country clubs, including Shimi Salsa, who was a stickler for the Lepke rockets, Curley Holtz, racketeering and even Lepke himself. As the owner's son, the Jewish gangsters invited Tannenbaum to all their parties. According to the arrangement with his father, Tannenbaum did not receive a single penny, just after the summer, which basically ended the holiday season. As Tanenbaum walked around his father's resort home dead, he noticed that all the Jewish gangsters had enough money to carry around. This made him suspected in their world of organized crime.

In the late summer of 1931, Tanenbaum was walking on Broadway in Manhattan when he came across Big Harry Shakter, one of Lepke's foothills.

Schacter asked Tannenbaum: "Do you want a job?"

"I could use it if it paid," Tanenbaum said.

Shaktor smiled. "This one is for Lepke. You know what the job will be."

Tanenbaum shrugged and said he would do whatever it took to earn some fantastic money.

Tannenbaum started working for Lepke, initially for $ 35 a week. His work included common tasks such as dropping, destroying blows and throwing stink bombs where they had to be thrown. Later, Tannenbaum completed more important duties, such as "shame", which meant that he was "ashamed" or cracked the heads of union workers who did not drag Lepke's line.

As production increased, Tannenbaum's salary increased. In the end, Tannenbaum, who had hitherto been involved in six murders and helped dispose of the body of seven homicide victims, was earning an impressive $ 125 a week. Because of Tannenbaum's summer location in the Catskills, his work included mostly murders and blackmail in New York. Tanenbaum was a valuable asset for Lepke in Sullivan County, as Tanenbaum was familiar with the back roads and the many lakes where bodies could be harvested. In the winter, Tanenbaum and his family relaxed in Florida, where Tanenbaum worked as a strong-arm man in several gambling joints at Lepke.

Tannenbaum's biggest hit on Lepke was the 1939 assassination of Harry "Big Green" Greenberg, who was suspected of talking to the government about Lepke's business. Tannenbaum was given the assignment to kill Greenberg by Lepke through one of Lepke's mediators (to isolate himself from any link to the murder, Lepke himself never gave orders to his killers).

Tanenbaum lurks Greenberg, first to Montreal, then to Detroit, before finally striking Greenberg in Los Angeles. On November 23, 1939, Tanenbaum, along with Buggy Seagle, were waiting outside the Greenberg building. When Greenberg emerged, Tanenbaum and Siegel pushed the Big Throat with bullets. This is considered the first "murder of a mafia" in southern California.

In 1940, Tanenbaum was vacationing in Florida when he received news that Lepke had been arrested and that the homicide slayer, Abe "Kid Twist" Reles, now sings as a canary for the work of "Murder Incorporated." Tanenbaum immediately took the train to New York and went to the house of Charlie the Bug's worker, another of Lepke's best killers. The reason for Tannenbaum's visit was that he sought funding from Workman to go to the Detroit gang. While luck would have it, as Tanenbaum and Workman were sitting in Workman's living room, Detective Abraham Belsky knocked on the door to arrest Workman. Belski was pleasantly surprised to find Tanenbaum there as well.

At first, Tanenbaum refused to creak. When Tannenbaum was questioned by police over a three-day period, he repeatedly said, "I refuse to answer on the basis of my constitutional rights."

Dekelman County Prosecutor, however, suddenly struck Tanenbaum with an indictment, blaming Tanenbaum and Pittsburgh Phil Strauss for the 1936 murder of Irv Ashkenaz, a taxi owner who roared on the cops in the cabin of the Manhattan cabin. Ashkenaz's body was found near the entrance of the Catskills Hotel, pierced with sixteen bullets.

"We have enough of you to put you on the chair," Dekelman District Attorney told Tannenbaum.

Suddenly, Tannenbaum, alive with his nickname Tick Tock, began to speak incessantly. Tanenbaum told Dekelman about all the killings he was involved in and how they were linked to Lepke.

At the witness stand, during Lepke's track, Tannenbaum put the last nail in Lepke's casket when he testified about the day he heard Lepke order the murder of the owner of a candy store named Joe Rosen. Lepke was always cool and collected and careful about what he said to anyone. In fact, Lepke never gave a direct order to Tanenbaum to kill. This information was always transmitted to Tannenbaum through an intermediary close to Lepke.

In 1936, however, Tannenbaum was ordered by Mandy Weiss to kill Irv Ashkenaz. However, Tannenbaum was told by Weiss to report directly to Lepke when the case was completed. After Ashkenaz's dismissal, Tannenbaum went downtown to Lepke's center to tell Lepke that Ashkenaz was indeed dead. When he entered Lepke's office, Tanenbaum came across an angry Lepke, shouting at Max Rubin, one of Lepke's closest confidants.

Tannenbaum testified to the witness before District Attorney Burton Turkus: "Lepke yelled that he gave Joe Rosen money to go, and then he sneaks back to the candy store after telling him to stay away. Lepke swore: "There's a son of a bitch who will never come down to talk to Dewey about me. Max (Rubin) was trying to calm him down. He said, "easier; easier Louis. I'll deal with Joe Rosen; he is fine. ""

"What did you say to this Lepke?" asked Turkus Tanenbaum.

Tannenbaum replied, "He says, 'You told me this before.' He says, "This is the end. I'm annoying this son of a bitch. " He says, "I'll take care of him, too."

Tannenbaum testified that two days after his meeting with Lepke and Rubin, in Lepke's office, he read in the newspaper that Joe Rosen had been shot 16 times while opening his candy store in Brownsville, Brooklyn.

Tannenbaum's testimony related to Rosen's murder corroborates Abe Reles's testimony and was a lethal blow to Lepke. It took the jury only four hours to convict Lepke of first-degree murder, which landed Lepke in the electric chair four years later. For his testimony against Lepke Tanenbaum received a short sentence of imprisonment, a slight slap on the wrist of a man who committed at least six murders.

Little is known about what Tannenbaum did for the rest of his life. He seems to have disappeared from the face of the earth, except for the times when he reappeared to testify against his old murderous friends. In Rich Cohen's Book of Difficult Jews, Cohen says, in the 1950s, Tannenbaum worked in Atlanta for some time as a shade salesman.

In 1950, Tanenbaum emerged from the timber and testified in the murder trial of Jack Parisi, another man killed by a murder who had been on the lamb for ten years. Despite Tannenbaum's testimony, the judge found Paris guilty.

In 1976, unlike most of his contemporaries, Tanenbaum died of natural causes on an unnamed island off the coast of Florida. He was 70 years old.


Long Island Rail Sights: Riverhead and Greenport

Long Island Railroad Museum in Riverhead:

Although Riverhead may be considered a virtual end of Long Island, it was only the beginning of the initially foreseen intermodal rail and sea link of the North Fork to the eventual cross ferry connection.

Accepting its earliest name for the settlement of Head of the River or Head of the River, the finally designated monolingual "River Head", the ninth of the ten cities of Suffolk County, was created by the west end of Southhold on March 13, 1792. .

Thus separate and autonomous, it was injected with growth with the arrival of the railroad and the train station, built on July 29, 1844 and serving the South Ferry, Brooklyn to the Greenport line, was built on what is now Railroad Avenue. Despite his intended purpose, he directed his own decarbuying passenger to the stage coaches who took them to Kugu and other southern island destinations.

Trains in the East served the city on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, while the western ones, back to Brooklyn, did so Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

Commercial, milling and manufacturing activities, its predominantly commercial endeavors, catered to 1,600 people in 1875, with the community boasting two mills, offices, 20 shops, three hotels and six churches.

The replacement of the original train depot, which was transformed into a railroad workers' home, with a wooden frame designed by Charles Hallett and including carved trim and elaborate finishes, was built west of Griffing Avenue between 1869 and 1870. This was subsequently replaced by a third, this time including a brick in its construction, on June 2, 1910.

"In the early 1900s, the East was a place of prosperous potato farms in the summer and deep snow in the winter," writes Ron Sieel and George H. Foster in their book Steel Rails to Sunrise: The Long Island Railroad (Ameron House , 1965, p. 158).

"From the moment it became aware that the original cause of its existence had disappeared with the construction of the New Haven to Boston railroad (fifty years earlier), LIRR had played an important role in the development of the eastbound areas," they continued (p. 158). "… Business and civic organizations across the island have joined prominent citizens, newspapers and the railroad to promote Long Island travel and settlements."

However, this development was hardly rapid and when the rails were later replaced by roads, the re-invented, intermodal purpose of the railroad had disappeared, leaving most of the passengers traveling to Manhattan during mass morning eviction.

In fact, by 1963, the main line east of the Riverhead had been reduced to a single daily passenger and three-week freight operation, initially using the route intended for the mid-19th century rail-sea link.

Today's high-level concrete platform, which bears no mark on certain days and seasons, was built between 1996 and 1997, but for rail lovers, part of its history has been preserved at the Long Island Railroad Museum by then.

"Long Island's history can be traced to the steel rails that cross its diverse landscape – from the dark tunnels beneath New York to the farms and sand dunes of the East End," according to its website. "The Long Island Railroad Museum seeks to illustrate this story through interpretive displays from its archive of photographs and artifacts, as well as through the preservation and restoration of vintage railroad equipment at its two locations in Riverhead and Greenport, New York."

The first, consisting of a 70-meter parcel of land, now owned by the Sofia Transport Authority, but leased to the museum, once transported a pump, water tower and turntable that was no longer compatible with the larger , more powerful locomotives appearing during World War II. Today, the cornerstone of the complex is a 1885 building and used by the Corwin and Vale Wooden Courtyards, but now serves as a visitor center for the Lionel model railroad car, Long Island Railroad sports wagons in various animal art, cardboard and a replica of Balsa wood from Riverhead's landmark, marking its 100th anniversary, and a gift shop.

Beyond it is the Lionel Visitor Center, featuring a multi-storey circus display with the Ringling and Barnum and Bailey brothers, a water tower that identifies the city as "Lionelville", and 72 accessories activated by buttons from turning wind turbines to illuminated control towers .

Outside are two other rail lines: the Freeman Rail rail line and the elaborate detour and ride, 1964-1965 Fair Fair.

Built by Alan Herschel, the 16-lane train itself was an integral part of the Long Island Rail Pavilion, then used by Grumman Aerospace at its company picnic in Calverton before being used by the Patchogue Village and eventually donated to the museum. .

After it was restored, its engine and three cars carrying the world's livery and world advertising, "Ride the Log Log. Travel easily, your steel drive to the Fair Gateway ', moving 670 feet from the runway, usually deviating every half hour and making three chains. Waters are included with allowance.

The passage to it, originally located in Hinduwood, Queens, and protected the weather guards, made it easier to manually lower and lift the gates when trains crossed to prevent pedestrians and cars from moving. Riverhead returned to the automatic system in the early 1950s.

The Long Island steam and diesel locomotive and railroad museum is diverse and historically significant. Although several are displayed outside the gift shop, most are located across Griffing Avenue, parallel to the current LIRR songs and from the current Riverhead Station.

Players at the end of the steam event in 1955 are on display here, though at different stages of restoration.

Time, distance and technology separated the steam locomotives from their coaches more than half a century ago, but the museum has reassembled some of them, and they are now standing only a few meters away from each other, albeit in static but restorative states.

As one of the ten wheels of the Pennsylvania Railroad of the G-5 class, the No. 39 engine, for example, was constructed in its Juniata stores in 1923, but its robust capabilities, expressed by its features, are ideally suited to the everyday, demanding line for travel service: gross weight of 237,000 pounds, cylinder power of 2 178 hp, boiler pressure of 205 psi, force of 41,328 pounds and speed between 70 and 85 mph.

Mainly operating the Oyster Bay branch, it was the last steam engine to travel to Greenport in June 1955.

Putting his railroad car into the hands of the RS-3 diesel locomotive, number 1556, at the time of the end of Steam in Hicksville, he gave up the era. This 1600hp AGP-16msc engine, equipped with multiple speed control and built by an American locomotive company, subsequently served the Long Island rail system for 22 years, after which it was purchased from the Gettysburg and Maryland Midlands Railways. , and was finally acquired by the museum.

An interesting, but not necessarily related to Long Island history is the recently acquired Brooklyn Eastern Railway Terminal (BEDT) locomotive, characterized by a 0-6-0 wheel configuration. Designed by HK Porter in 1923 for the Astoria Power and Light Company, it goes into several hands, including those of Fleischman & # 39; s yeast company in Peekskill, New York; the Alabama Railroad and Locomotive Company; and finally, since 1938, the Brooklyn East Terminal itself, numbering 16 and providing a floating car service from the Brooklyn coastline to several Class 1 railroads in Manhattan, the Bronx and New Jersey .

As the last steam engine operating both east of the Mississippi River and in New York, it was not retired until October 1963, or eight years after the Long Island Railroad ceased its own use of the technology.

The cars are also well represented by the museum.

The two-story # 200 trainer, who shared his Tuscan red paint, was the first such two-level aluminum car. A joint project between the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA), a 120-passenger pilot prototype built in 1932, was an attempt to increase capacity without creating excessively long trains and because of its non-standard status, appeared without controls. stands or traction motors. Designated for the T-62 class in production form, they accommodated 132.

A later, more ubiquitous passenger car was the P72, of which there are two on display, sporting the earlier northern circuit of blue and the platinum mist of the Long Island Railroad. Numbered 2923 and 2924, they were part of a 1954 order for 25 locomotive, 120-passenger passenger cars manufactured by Pullman Standard at the Osgood Bradley plant in Worcester, MA, initially appearing with battery and steam lighting heating, but were subsequently retrofitted with diesel generators under the car, which supply power to these utilities. Having served the Yeoman service for 44 years, they were not retired until 1999.

The significance of the museum couple is that they both participate in the Steam End Ceremony in Hicksville: car 2924 was pulled from engine 39 and a Boy Scout troop from Brooklyn housed, while car 2923 was similarly pulled from engine 35, but comes from the East End.

Unbound, the former is attached to a 1556 diesel engine, leaving for Jamaica, while the second joins the 1555, leaving for Riverhead. Almost hand-in-hand, the pair of unmanned locomotives set off for the steam era, entering their retirement home in Morris Park.

Another significant pair of cars are the two M1s on the museum, shown on the same track.

At 85 feet, 10.6 feet long and 122 passenger capacity, these single-passenger, stainless steel cars with rounded fiberglass lids feature four 160-hp General Electric 1255 A2 traction motors. and four-point automatic sliding doors. They had a four-meter, 8.5-inch track and offered a maximum radius of curvature of 240 feet for compound units and served as the threshold for the electrified era for the Long Island Railroad, as expressed in the public relations brochure, entitled, " A New Generation in Rail Travel: Meet the Metropolitan, who promised that "a new era of rail travel is beginning on the Long Island Railroad."

"The elegant stainless steel Metropolitan represents a new generation in suburban rail services," the release said. "This brings a whole new look to the Long Island Railroad, the nation's largest rail transportation system."

Explaining the motivation behind the design, he said: "(The Metropolitan Transportation Authority) determined that it was 'more of the same' to meet the expectations for the equipment (needs and) of the Long Island Railroad (not an option).

"An exceptional group of experts turned to the MTA to work out the detailed specifications of the cars, which led to the birth of the Metropolitan.

"This joint operation is managed by the MTA and its technical staff, working in close collaboration with the experienced Long Island Railway operations staff. This effort has resulted in a record time, and the specifications for the dramatically modified, newly created rail passenger car will be at the forefront of long-distance travel … "

A firm order for the 620 M1 Metropolitans and 150 variants, then the largest single North American for multi-unit electric cars, was made with Budd, and deliveries were made between 1968 and 1973.

In need of an increase in power from 650 to 750 volts DC drawn from a contact shoe-third rail connection, the type went into service in an eight-wagon configuration on December 30, 1968, from Brooklyn to Penn Station, blurring the lines between the typical railroad line passenger line supplementing engines and buses and the concept of autonomous subway.

"Metropolitan trains are stacked in two wagons, fully equipped for independent operations …", the public relations brochure explained. "One car in each unit contains batteries and a motor alternator. The other houses the air compressor. Metropolitan is the first such multiple train operation in operation."

The brochure also highlighted its development.

"America's fastest, most modern railcar is packed with innovations and advanced features designed to provide a high level of service and comfort to the LIRR rider."

Progressively replaced at the beginning of the 21st century by the successful M7 cars commissioned by Bombardier of Canada, the first of which was delivered in 2002, it participates in its own farewell to the M1, host of the Head of the National Sunrise Trail Railroad Historical Society, four years later, on November 4th.

No freight train or railway museum would be complete without a cab. The window screen displayed on the Long Island Museum of Rail Transportation, numbered C-68, serves as the conductor's office, the end-of-car safety monitoring point and the crew's living area when moving allows you to return to the start stations for the night.

Greenport Railway Museum in Greenport:

Twenty-three road miles east is Greenport, the other location of the Long Island Railroad Museum and the end of the line. But when the Long Island Railroad was conceived, it was only the beginning of it – in terms of its intended purpose and the point of intermodal connection, where the torch was transmitted from a train to a transverse sounding steamer. Eventually, technology conquered the southern Connecticut rail route to Boston and destroyed the foundation of the newly-built concern.

However, while the other facility of the museum is poorly mobile, it is rich in history.

Settled by colonists in New Haven in 1648, it takes advantage of its eastern, accessible water location, develops a shipping and shipping hub, with small ships transporting production to Connecticut and larger, serving New York and New England. The whaling began in 1790.

Because its port was intended as an end point and transfer point, it also attracted the runway.

"Greenport was the place that made the Long Island Railroad built," according to historian Frederick A. Kramer. "With a marvelous port opening to Gardiner Bay, batch ships for continental connection to Boston had to put together whales and local fishing boats."

Although Greenport opened its doors on July 29, 1844, the first official trip and the first segment of the advertised "via Boston route" did not happen until next month, August 10, with the train leaving Brooklyn at 08: 00 and arriving at 12:00, after which the passengers transferred to the railroad-owned steamboat, Cleopatra (part of its $ 400,000 investment in boats and docks) for the two-hour passage to Stonington, Connecticut, and then completion of the trip, again with a rail trance sports, to Boston on Norwich and Worcester.

Although the fire devours the original wooden depot and platform, opened on July 27, 1844, a quarter-century later, designed by Charles Hallett, rises to the north of the twin tracks in October 1870, turning Greenport into a railway center with a freight house, a turntable, a shipping port and a storage depot that serves as a starting point for Pullman cars destined for cities west of Pittsburgh.

Although the North Fork as a whole and the area around it in particular still cultivate potatoes and cauliflower, this once remote farmland has been reduced to hours in distance and resized to its intended purpose, attracting people who have developed commerce and industry.

Unsuccessfully competing with the New Haven and Hartford railroad and then trying to rely on interstitial traffic after his initial plan was plundered, he was still able to transport his crops to the markets of the west and the fleet that owns the railroad provides access. to Block Island, Montauk on the South Fork and New London in Connecticut.

To facilitate what remained of the Long Island rail trip and still provide protection against the salty air of seawater, a third Victorian-style depot was built in 1892, including a red brick structure. и декоративни функции, като покрив на бедрата, релеф шарки, гребени от ковано желязо и финали. Заедно с едновременно отворената товарна къща, която сама включваше камион за камиони, плъзгащи се врати, заобикаляща дървена палуба и четири стъпален вход от Четвърта улица, тя се присъедини към другите съоръжения в това, което се е развило в обширен железопътен двор и включва четиристройна машинна къща, резервоар за вода, зона за нагряване и структури за поддръжка.

Влакът от Изток Енд, както се очакваше, намаля, като ежедневното пътуване между Amagansett и Greenport се извършва от малък, 4-4-0 парен локомотив, който дърпа комбайн (пътнически и багажен) автомобил и пълен вагон. Тръгна в 10:00 и направи междинни спирки в Ийстпорт и Манорвил. Тъй като последва полукръгово трасе, пистата за записване на загуби, носеща поща, експрес и шепа души, беше алтернативно наречена „Scoot“ и „Cape Town Train“.

След уволнение в Грийнпорт, тя продължи стъпките си, като отново отпътува в 14:00.

Но появата на автомобила и амортисьора на Депресията ускори прекратяването му през февруари 1931г.

„(Днес) двете сградни гари, комбинирани с историческия грамофон и навесът на секцията, съдържат най-голямото и най-пълно представяне на железопътни сгради и конструкции, които да оцелеят в един и специфичен исторически район на Лонг Айлънд“, според Уебсайтът на железопътния музей на Лонг Айлънд.

Една от тях, оригиналната товарна къща, помещава самия музей.

От значение са две железопътни модели на HO-габарит, изобразяващи Грийнпорт през 50-те години и днес. Общото между двамата е неразделната роля, която доковете, пристанището и морския град винаги са играли в своята история.

Друг важен аспект беше обслужването на автомобили в салоните, железопътната линия Лонг Айлънд, експлоатирана между 40-те и 80-те години на миналия век, осигуряваща разкошен и популярен начин на пътуване за нюйоркчани, които почиват в Ийст Енд или просто правят бягство от уикенда, и дисплеите разполагат с удобните места за сядане, прибори за хранене и Китай. Това до Монтаук, на южната вилка, беше наречено „Cannonball“, а самият Greenport „Express Shelter Island Express“.

Железопътната атмосфера от по-ранна епоха се създава от артефакти и прибори, считани някога за „модерни“, като ръчна пишеща машина, ръчно задействан телефон, вагон за маркуч, охладител за вода, сигнални лампи на флагмански и кондукторни прозорци и прозорци за билети.

Останките от кулата Блис, които по-рано са били разположени в участъка Блисвил в Куинс, илюстрират как съоръжения като тези са поставени в точките на затваряне на коловози, което дава възможност на операторите да осъществят визуален контакт с приближаващите влакове и по подходящ начин да се активират, чрез ръчни средства, кросоувър превключватели, които по същество служиха като кормилни механизми на локомотивите.

Например, контролирайки трафика от Лонг Айлънд Сити по разклона на Монтаук, тези кули представляват интегрална инфраструктура за пресичане в продължение на един век, докато автоматизацията не елиминира нуждата им.

Няколко автомобила са изложени навън на коловоза, до който се достига от заобикалящата дървена палуба на товарното депо.

Бившата клинови снегорини Long Island Railroad W-83, например, беше прикрепена пред един или повече локомотиви и избутана със скорост до 35 мили / ч, изчиствайки следите от сняг. Поради схемата на боята, наподобяваща зъби, примерът на музея, който е единственият останал такъв модул LIRR, беше наречен "челюсти".

Кабусът номер 14 зад него, построен от американската компания за автомобили и леяри през 1927 г., беше част от последната поръчка на железниците за дървени и обслужваше цялата маршрутна система, включително клонове, които вече не съществуват.

След пенсионирането си през 60-те години на миналия век тя преминава в няколко вторични ръце, включително тези на Бранфордската електрическа железопътна линия, долината на долината в Есекс, Кънектикът и накрая музея, връщайки се на родината в Лонг Айлънд на 17 май 1997 г.

Отвъд експонатите на подвижния състав на музея и от тройната, все още активна железопътна линия на Лонг Айланд е грамофонът с дължина 80 фута, последно използван от парен локомотив № 39 на 5 юни 1955 г. и един от оставащите само три. Тя е единствената с пневматично задвижване.

Предполаган, че един ден ще бъде презастроен за екскурзионни влакове с парно захранване между музеите Riverhead и Greenport, това ще даде възможност на пътниците да покрият Северната вилка с железопътна линия и да изкопаят оригиналната писта почти два века след полагането й.

Вляво от грамофона е бетонната платформа на високо ниво, построена между 1997 и 1998 г. и най-много полета на LIRR операции в два дни. Вляво от него е оригиналната сграда на станцията от 1897 г., която се затвори 70 години по-късно, но сега се намира музеят на пристанището в Ийст Енд.

И накрая, сегашният пристан за разтягане на пристанището замени този, който някога поддържаше коловозите, водещи към параходите, свързани с Стонингтън, първоначалното предназначение на железопътната линия Long Island.