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Mafioti – Carlo Gambino

He was a quiet man who dressed unnoticed and knew that he never lost his composure. But no doubt, Carlo Gambino, with his huge hawk nose and mysterious smile, was one of the most powerful Mafia bosses of all time.

Gambino was born in Palermo, Sicily on August 24, 1902. The area of ​​Palermo, called Kakamo, in which Gambino grew up, had such an intense presence of the mafia, the police, and even the military were afraid to invade it. This left the mafia running the area with impunity, knowing what they would do would not be reported to the police if the police were even interested in what happened there in the first place.

Carlo's mother's girlfriend was Castellano, and she used her influence with her family, who were Mafiosos, to introduce Gambino to Men of Respect when Gambino was just a teenager. Gambino, which was lightly built and only 5-foot-7, quietly impressed its superiors with its serenity, intelligence and ability to do what it needed to do, even if it meant killing someone who had to be killed.

In 1921, just before his twentieth birthday, Gambino was rewarded for his good deed by being introduced to the Mafia, or what was known in Italy as the "Honored Society". However, because of Benito's Mussolini vendetta against the Mafia (Mussolini arrested many mafias, including top mafia boss Don Vito Casio Ferro, who was sentenced to life in prison), many mafias, including Gambino, decided that Sicily was too dangerous for they exist the way they used to. As a result, there was a huge outpouring of Mafioso to this golden mountain across the Atlantic called America.

In late 1921, Gambino left Sicily on an SS Vincenzo Florio truck heading for America. Throughout the voyage, Gambino recreated nothing but wine and anchovies, which except olive oil were the only nutrients on board.

On December 23, 1921, SS Vincenzo Florio docked in Norfolk, Virginia, and Gambino was deactivated as an illegal immigrant. Dressed in a natural three-piece suit and black Fedora, Gambino walked up the gangplank, searching for a car, and was told that when he left for Palermo, he would wait for him when he was calling to America, with flashing lights at the end of the dock. He noticed the car and when he arrived in it, Gambino saw Castellano's cousin sitting behind the wheel. They hugged each other and headed to New York in seconds.

When Gambino arrived in New York, he was pleased to discover that his cousins ​​Castellano had already rented an apartment on Navy Street in Brooklyn, near the shore. They also put Gambino to work for a transportation company owned by his first cousins ​​Peter and Paul Castellano. Soon Gambino became involved in the illegal bootlegger business run by his Palermo partner Tommy Luchese. The ban was created with the passage of the Volstead Act in 1919, which prohibits the production, sale or transportation of alcoholic beverages, but not consumption. In practice, something led to another, and soon Gambino was the main gear crew of Joe "Chief" Maseria, the most powerful mafia in America.

However, another Mafioso escaped Mussolini's anger and arrived in America in the mid-20s. His name was Salvatore Marantzano, second in command of don Vito Casio Ferro in Sicily. Maranzano estimated that the Sicilian Mafioso was far superior to the one in America, so it was natural for him to become the top mafia boss in America. This did not affect Masseria well and the result was the Castellammarese war that flooded the streets of New York with many dead bodies from 1929-31.

Maseria's crew soon joined top mafia men such as Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello, Albert Anastasia and Vito Genovese, who were well connected with Jewish gangsters Mayer Lansky and Bugsy Siegel. However, since Maseria did not like his people doing business with non-Sicilians (Costello, real name Castile, was from Calabria), Luciano, Costello, Anastasia and Genovese were hoping for their time, hoping that maybe Maseria, and Marantzano will knock each other off so that younger men can take control of all their operations.

However, it was Gambino who made the first move to remedy this situation. Sensing that he was on the losing side of the battle, Gambino secretly approached Marantzano and offered to jump on Marantzano's side. Maranzano readily agreed, and soon Luciano, Costello, Anastasia and Genovese also want to join Maranzano's forces. Marantzano accepted their offer, provided they depart from Maseria once and for all. This task was accomplished on April 15, 1931, when Luciano lured Maseria to the Nuova Villa Tammaro restaurant on Coney Island. While Luciano was taking a break in the bathroom, Siegel, Genovese, Anastasia and the Jewish murderer Red Levin burst through the front door and filled Maseria with lead, which made him quite dead and put an end to the Castelamarez War.

Marantzano immediately called for a meeting of all the top mafioso in the city (reportedly over 500 men) at a warehouse in the Bronx. At this meeting Marantzano said, "Whatever happened in the past is over. There will be no more hatred between us. Those who lost someone in the war must be forgiven and forgotten."

Maranzano then began to form five families, each with a boss and a villain. Under the two senior men, each family would have capiregimes or captains who would rule the rest of the family: sellatos or soldiers. The five bosses were Joe Bonano, Joe Profaci, Lucky Luciano, Tommy Luchese and Vincent Mangano. Albert Anastasia became a Mangano Fit, and Carlo Gambino became a Captain in the Mangano Family. Of course, Marantzano became the "boss of all bosses" (Capo Di Tutti Capi), which did not sit well with the rest of the young mafia.

Despite all the fairy tales of "no more hatred between us," Marantzano had a secret plan to kill Luciano, Genovese, and Costello – men whom Marantzano thought was ambitious and a threat to his rule. Maranzano called on the vicious Irish killer Vincent Crazy Dog Cole to eliminate his perceived competition. Marantzano paid Cole $ 25,000 on the spot, with another $ 25,000 still pending when the dirty work was done. To place the trap, Marzantano invited Luciano, Genovese and Costello to his office in Manhattan, Middletown.

However, Luciano caught the wind of the conspiracy through an informant close to Maranzano, who is believed to be Tommy Luchese. Instead of reporting to Marzano's office, Luciano sent four Jewish murderers to a proposed meeting led by Red Levin, one of the men who rejected Masseria. The four men posing as detectives bulldozed their way past Maranzano's bodyguards in the outer cabinet. Then they blew up at Marzano's office, where he was stabbed and shot to death. As they left the building, the four killers collided with Cole's "Crazy Dog". They told him not to worry – Marantzano was dead and police were on their way. Cole got his face whistling a happy tune, making $ 25,000 in salary without firing a single shot.

Luciano soon called the bosses of the other four mafia families and told them that the title "boss of all bosses" had been eliminated by Marzano. Luciano then formed a National Crime Commission, comprising Jewish mobsters Mayer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel and Holland Schulz.

Gambino, now firmly established as a captain in the Mangano family, has become the largest money maker in the entire New York mafia. And in the Mafia, money carries prestige.

In 1932, his pockets burst with money, Gambino married his first cousin, Catherine Castellano Carlo, and Catherine Gambino, eventually raising three sons and a daughter. (Marriage to first cousins ​​is common in Italy and not frowned upon in the United States as it is today. In fact, marriage to first cousins ​​is already illegal in most, but not all, states. Editors note: My paternal grandparents my countries are the first cousins ​​married in Sicily in the early 1900s)

When the ban was lifted in 1933, Gambino was already ready to make money from the now-legitimate buoyancy business, but he did it illegally. While the ban thrived on illegal sales to the mafia, Gambino planned the days when he knew the ban would end. To achieve his goals, Gambino took out as many illegal photographs as possible; in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and even as far as Maryland. When the ban ended and the price of alcohol blew through the roof, Gambino had the largest illegal alcohol distribution system on America's east coast. And since he was making the drink himself and paying no government taxes, Gambino could be undercutting legitimate distributors, making himself and the Mangano family a small fortune in the mid to late 1930s.

The start of World War II gave Gambino another opportunity to win even more illegal money through his war-time rockets. With the inevitable war against Germany and Japan, on August 28, 1941, the United States Government established the Office of Price Management (OPA), which is tasked with printing and distributing ration stamps to the American public. Without these seals, people would not be able to buy gasoline, tires, shoes, nylon, sugar, fuel oil, coffee, meat and processed foods. Gambino figured out that the only way he could get the hands of women's brands to sell on the black market was to steal them straight.

Gambino sent his best second-floor crackers and men to the vaults of the Office of Price Management and they came up with hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of steel stamps. When some low-level OPA employees realized that the brands were being stolen by the mafia, they decided to bargain by stealing the ration stamps themselves and selling them to Gambino and his boys, at a bargain price, of course. . Gambino figured out why he risked stealing the ration's brands with the opportunity to catch himself. So he took the suggestion of the crooked OPA staff and started buying stamps of their rations.

The beauty of this scheme was that Gambino already had a ready distribution network: its network of illicit alcohol distributors. In October 1963, Mafia informant Joe Valachi testified to the Investigative Subcommittee on Government Operations of the Arkansas Sector, John L. McCellon, that with just one rationing deal, Gambino made over $ 1 million in profits.

Being a talented businessman, Gambino knew he couldn't live the high life without reporting significant revenue to the government. Thus, Gambino invests the money he makes from his illegal operations, valued at several million dollars, in legal businesses such as meat markets, pizzerias, olive and cheese importers, mapping companies, clothing factories, bakeries and restaurants.

By 1951, the Mangano family, thanks to Gambino's incredible ability to generate income, was one of the most prosperous in the Mafia. The problem was that Mangano did not get along with his Anastasia subsystem. Mangano was jealous of Anastasia's closeness to other bosses, such as Frank Costello and Lucky Luciano, who was in exile in Italy; an agreement for a pardon agreement he received from the United States government after serving 9 years in prison on a prostitution charge. Several times Mangano physically attacks Anastasia, a foolish move, as the younger and stronger Anastasia easily beats her boss in the fist.

With rumors that Mangano was planning to kill Anastasia, Anastasia, with the blessing of crime boss Frank Costello, decided to strike first. On April 19, 1951, the body of Phil Mangano, Vincent Mangano's brother, was found in the swamp near Sheep Bay. He was shot five times in the head. When police investigating the murder tried to contact Vincent Mangano about his brother's death, they were unable to trace him. Vincent Mangano's body was never found.

Until days Anastasia sat down with the other bosses and explained that he had killed Mangano before Mangano could kill him. With the support of Costello, Anastasia came across the head of the Mangano family, and the name was changed to the Anastasia family. Anastasia made Frank Scalis and Joe Adonis his underdogs and he gave Capo Carlo Gambino more men and more power in the organization.

However, Anastasia's reign lasted less than seven years. Anastasia was repeatedly banging her head with vicious crime boss Vito Genovese, who sought to take all rackets in New York, even if it meant killing other bosses one by one. Anastasia received a terrible blow when his good-looking Joe Adonis was deported back to Italy as an unwanted foreigner. Anastasia knew that his days were numbered when, in early 1956, Frank Costello was shot in the head by the young hero Vincent "The Brand" Gigante. Costello survives the shooting, and during the Gigante process, Costello, true to the Omeria mafia code, refuses to name Gigante as his attacker.

However, this significantly reduced Costello's power in the Mafia and, at Genovese's insistence, Costello was released as one of the five Mafia Commission chiefs. This left Anastasia without his closest ally and put Anastasia in a vulnerable position. Shortly afterwards, another Anastasia tray, Frank Scalis, was shot while shopping for fruits and vegetables on Arthur Avenue in the Bronx.

The last shoe was dropped when, on October 25, 1957, Anastasia was shot to death while sitting in a barber chair at the Sheridan Park Hotel in Manhattan, Manhattan. With Anastasia already dead, Genovese called for a move with the other bosses and suggested Carlo Gambino, whom he plotted to kill Anastasia, to take Anastasia's family. The commission agreed and they renamed the Gambino family.

The greedy Genovese has called for a meeting of all the criminal bosses, runners-up, captains and respected mafia men in America, to be held in the sleepy city of Appalachian, New York, at the home of Joseph Barbara, the crime family of buffalo criminal boss, Stefano Mag. . There were a few issues on Genovese's agenda, but the primary point was that Genovese would declare itself as "Capo Di Tutti Capi" or "Boss of All Bosses", a title that was blank after Salvatore Maranzano's death.

On November 17, 1957, dozens of mobsters stormed Barbara's home. The group included crime bosses John Skalish, of Cleveland, Sam Giancana of Chicago, Frank Desimone of California, Santo Trafante of Florida, Gerardo Catena and Frank Majuri of New Jersey, as well as Carlo Gambino, Joe Profaci, Tommy Luchese from New York.

Before the celebrations began, however, State Sergeant Edgar Roswell, along with a dozen state troopers, stormed the house. Later, Roswell said he became suspicious when he saw Joseph Barbara Jr. book a hotel for a dozen or so end-of-life people. Roswell said he then traveled to Barbara's residence and saw dozens of luxury cars parked in and around Barbara's estate. Roswell said he called for a heavy backup and when his soldiers arrived, they made a move.

Later, a rumor spread that Meyer Lansky himself, who is not a big fan of Vito Genovese, cut off state troops for the upcoming Mafia convention.

Anyway, when the soldiers storm the house, Mafioso, like in a Chinese fire drill, scattered in all directions. Men in expensive suits were bouncing, though with windows open, and if they couldn't get to their cars, they would take him back on foot through the woods, ruining his patent leather shoes. Sam Giancana escaped safely by running through the woods, and Bonano underestimated Carmine Galente. But both men were porridge; their suits destroyed by thorny bushes. Some cars removed it from the property before a barrier was erected, but most did not. When the dust cleared, 58 mafia members were detained and told to empty their pockets. A total of $ 300,000 in cash was found for the 58 men, making state police even more suspicious of the meeting.

The meeting was characterized by the men who chose not to attend. In addition to Lansky, absent were Frank Costello, Carlo Marcello of New Orleans, and Lansky's friend Joseph "Doc" Stracher.

Of the 58 men detained, 27 were charged with obstruction of justice, 27 of which were convicted of refusing to answer questions about the purpose of the meeting. One of the men convicted was Gambino's cousin Paul Castellano, who had to get out at the end of the year.

Прекъснатата среща, повече от всичко друго, доведе до разпадането на Вито Дженовезе. Той не само, че не получи възвишеното заглавие „шеф на всички босове“, но и се превърна в пария в мафията; присмива се като глупав и алчен да призовава толкова много важни мъже на едно и също място едновременно за собствените му цели.

В деня след нападението вестниците на цялата нация разпространиха истории на първа страница за инцидента. Вече не можеха мъжете на мафията да твърдят, че мафията не съществува. Полицията и директорът на ФБР Дж. Едгар Хувър, който години наред отрича съществуването на мафията, изпаднаха в ярост, оказвайки силен натиск върху операциите на мафията.

Въпреки че в началото Карло Гамбино изглеждаше жертва на обстоятелства, хитрият ветеран на мафията замисли да превърне инцидента в своя полза. Всъщност имаше спекулации, че Гамбино знае за нападението предварително и отиде там нарочно, така че никой няма да го подозира, че е попаднал в предателството; което би имало смисъл в светлината на по-нататъшното развитие.

След като Genovese все още се задушава от загубата на лицето си, Гамбино се сговори с Франк Костело, Майер Лански и Лъки Лучано (все още в изгнание в Италия, но в състояние да се придвижва свободно в Куба, за да се срещне с приятелите си), за да накара Genovese до врата си в многомилионна международна сделка с наркотици. Дори мисълта, че търговията с наркотици е забранена от мафията, алчният Дженовезе не можеше да устои на желанието да направи тон тесто.

Когато дойде моментът, Гамбино съобщи на Бюрото за наркотици относно сделката с наркотиците, което доведе до ареста на Дженовезе. В процеса на Genovese Гамбино плати фалшив свидетел на име Нелсън Кантелопс, който настоя на позицията на свидетелите, че Genovese не е участвал само в тази конкретна сделка с наркотици, но всъщност е участвал в десетки сделки с наркотици през годините. В резултат на това Genovese беше осъден на 15 години затвор. Дженовезе излежава малко повече от десет години от присъдата си, преди да умре в затвора на 14 февруари 1969 г.

Със загиналата Анастасия, Дженовезе в затвора, Лучано в изгнание, Франк Костело в основата на мафиотския контур, Джо Профачи остарява и отслабва, а Джо Бонано има относително малко семейство на престъпления, Карло Гамбино безспорно става най-могъщият шеф на мафията в Америка. Екипажът му от над 500 мъже, излезли на улицата, включваше неговия подцерец Джо Биондо, консилера Джоузеф Рикобоно и капос Арманд "Томи" Рава, Аниело "Мистър Нийл" Делакроче, Пол Кастелано, Кармин "Докторът" Ломбарджици, Йосиф " Джо Пайни "Armone, и Carmine" Wagon Wheels "Fatico.

Гамбино разшири своите предприятия в цяла САЩ. Освен в Ню Йорк, Гамбино имаше пръсти в пота в Чикаго, Лос Анджелис, Маями, Бостън, Сан Франциско и Лас Вегас. Гамбино управлява и мощния Международен съюз за дълги дрехи, който контролира всички докове в Ню Йорк, основното пристанище за внос в Америка.

След като Джо Валачи стана първият известен мафиотски информатор, Гамбино затвърди правилото, забраняващо продажбата на наркотици в екипажа му. Рационалното на Гамбино беше, че наказанията за продажба на наркотици са толкова тежки, че хората могат да се превърнат в плъх, когато бъдат арестувани, вместо да си правят времето в затвора, както правиха истинските мъже от мафията в миналото. Семейната политика на Гамбино беше „Сделка и умиране“ и той прилага това правило без изключения.

Карайки се на върха на мафиотската грамада, Карло Гамбино стана популярна фигура в кварталните улици на Малка Италия в Ню Йорк. Докато другите шефове се барикадираха в именията си, с въоръжена бодигард, охранителна аларма и електрифицирани огради, Гамбино безнаказано обикаляше улиците, спирайки да разговаря със стари приятели, докато им купуваха зеленчуци и плодове от улични продавачи. Гамбино отиде до Ферара на Гранд Стрийт, между Мълбъри и Мот, за сладкиши. Тогава той ще се разходи по блока, за да вземе италианските си меса, сирена и италиански деликатеси от Алева, на ъгъла на Mulberry and Grand.

От март 1970 г. Гамбино започва да има проблеми със закона. Докато той се разхождаше по улица в Бруклин, Гамбино беше заобиколен от полицията в Ню Йорк и членове на ФБР. Арестуваха Гамбино и го обвиниха в овладяване на схема за откраднат пари в размер на 30 милиона долара от бронирана фирма за камиони, разположена в Бронкс. В крайна сметка срещу Гамбино бе повдигнато обвинение, но делото беше прекратено поради липса на доказателства.

Това принуди федерите да изпробват друга тактика, за да извадят Гамбино от улиците. През 1966 г. правителството е издало заповед за депортиране на Гамбино, но по някаква причина заповедта никога не е била изпълнена. В началото на 1971 г., след като съпругата на Гамбино Катрин почина от рак, федерите наистина се опитаха да приложат тази заповед, но като чуха за неговата непосредствена опасност, хитрият Гамбино фалшифицира сериозен сърдечен удар. Федерите бяха ядосани в играта на Гамбино, така че те бяха накарали американската служба за обществено здраве да даде на Гамбино пълна физическа активност. Федесите се разстроиха, когато бе установено, че Гамбино наистина има тежко сърдечно заболяване. Това е потвърдено през 1972 г., когато Гамбино е притиснат от дома си в 2230 Ocean Parkway, в Бруклин, до болницата Columbus в Манхатън с масивен сърдечен удар. Защо болница в Бруклин не е подходяща за Гамбино, никога не беше разкрито.

Докато се възстановяваше вкъщи, Гамбино наруши един от законите, които сам постанови – „Разправи наркотици и умри“. Действащият шеф на генуезците Томас „Томи Райън“ Еболи се обърна към Гамбино с предложение „не може да пропусне“ предложение за посредничество на многомилионна сделка с наркотици с Луис Цивило, считан от федерацията за най-големия търговец на наркотици в Америка. Проблемът беше, че Еболи, бивш мениджър по бокс и известен лош комарджия, нямаше нужните 4 милиона долара, за да продължи операцията. Гамбино изпрати на Еболи 4-те милиона долара, но той загуби всичко, когато федералите арестуваха Цивило и конфискува наркотиците и парите. Когато Гамбино се приближи до Еболи за липсващите му 4 милиона долара, Еболи обърна джобовете си навътре, което показва, че е плосък счупен.

Това не зарадва твърде много Гамбино. В резултат на това около 16:00, на 16 юли 1972 г., Еболи е застрелян пет пъти, докато напуска апартамента на приятелката си в Crown Heights, Бруклин. Еболи умря на място, а Гамбино имаше достатъчно влияние в комисията на мафията, за да нареди неговият близък приятел, капитанът на Дженовезе Франк "Фунзи" Тиери, да бъде новият шеф на семейство Дженовезе. И така беше направено.

Гамбино имаше още един неуспех, когато в началото на 1973 г. 29-годишният му племенник Емануел "Мани" Гамбино беше отвлечен заради откуп. Същата тази банда преди това е отвлякла капитана на семейство Gambino Crime, Франк „Frankie the Wop“ Manzo за 100 000 долара. След като тази сума беше платена за безопасното завръщане на Манцо, бандата стана по-амбициозна при отвличането на Мани Гамбино – този път поиска 200 000 долара. Гамбино се опита да се пазари, като им предложи само 50 000 долара. Скоро след това тялото на Мани Гамбино е намерено в седнало положение на сметище в Ню Джърси в близост до морското боеприпаси на Ърле. На 1 юни 1973 г. изроденият комарджия Робърт Сентер се призна за виновен за убийството и е осъден на петнадесет години затвор. Явно Senter е паднал в дългове към Gambino и е по-лесно да убие Gambino след това да плати дълга.

След смъртта на племенника си усложни агонията от смъртта на съпругата си, Гамбино стана отшелник в къщата си на Ocean Parkway. Заобиколи се с членове на семейството, най-вече братовчед му Пол Кастелано. До 1975 г. беше ясно, че сърдечното състояние на Гамбино няма да му позволи да живее много по-дълго. Така той започнал да планира наследяването си като глава на семейството на престъпността Гамбино. Искайки да запази властта в собствената си фамилна кръв, Гамбино помаза братовчед си Пол Кастелано, за да го наследи.

Това не надмина и останалите Гамбинос, които очакваха дългогодишния Мафиосо Аниело Делакроче да бъде естественият наследник на Гамбино. За да успокои Делакроче, Гамбино му даде всички ракети от Манхатън, контролирани от семейство Гамбино. И това наистина беше голям подарък.

На 15 октомври 1976 г. Карло Гамбино си пое последния дъх, когато сърцето му най-накрая се раздаде. Погребението на Гамбино беше едно от най-сложните, случвало се някога в град Бруклин. Повече от 100 автомобила взеха участие в погребалното шествие, което завърши на гробището Сейнт Джон в Куинс, Ню Йорк; на същото гробище беше погребан неговият приятел през целия живот Чарлз „Лъки“ Лучано.

Във филма от 1985 г. "Честта на Прици", режисиран от Джон Хъстън и с участието на Джак Никълсън, актьорът Уилям Хики играе Дон Коррадо Прици, герой, базиран на Дон Карло Гамбино.