Passa The Salsa – there's an "X" in Tar!

Another style of Latin music is Salsa, which you will soon see is a popular music genre for yourself. Salsa instruments include bass, bongo, conga, rubber, clav, kebab, guitar, maracas, piano, timbales, trombones, pipes, wood chips, called ocarins and panpipettes.
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Salsa embodies the character of Latin music, but has since expanded to American genres such as pop, rock, jazz and R&B. You may notice that when the musical style – in the case of Salsa – becomes popular, it often splits and forms other styles of Salsa: Erotic, Proud and Romantic. There are also fusions like Charanga-Vallenata, Mereng-House, Salsa-Merengue, Songa-Salsa, TImba and Salsa-flavored Reggeaton.
As the name might suggest, Reggaeton is made up of Jamaica’s popular music style Dancehall-Reggae with Spanish lyrics being taken from above. There are different related cultures that continue to connect, and we will probably see more interesting mixes from different genres. Along the way, countries continue to produce Rap music in their own language. If you haven’t had the opportunity to hear Rap music from other countries, you owe it to yourself to listen to the similarities and differences of these dynamic styles. Certain radio stations in colleges and communities, such as Atlanta’s WRFG-FM radio, are leading the way to alternative programming that cannot be found on commercial radio.
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A major force in the Caribbean Latin movement was a very impressive musician with a flair. His full name is: (take a deep breath) Francisco De Assis Javier Cougat Mingal De Kru Y Deulofeo. This adds a name for every day of the week! The last time I heard a name for so long, it was Debra’s “She’s So Fine” by Wilson on Mad TV.
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I can’t remember all the other names that preceded her last name – wait, it comes back to me: “Bunifa Latifa Khalifa Sharif Jackson.” Without twisting our tongue this time, Xavier Kugat brought his influence to the American audience through a rich musical heritage that began in Spain and landed in Cuba by 1905.
His humble beginnings as a trained violinist led him to create an exciting musical sound that spread like wild fire on Latin American dance venues. He is credited with bringing popular Latin music to new heights for dance such as Cha Cha, Mambo, Rhumba, Tango, “Latin Hustle too.” Coincidentally, the last three dances were so popular that they were mentioned in the hit song of the classic disco group Chic “Dance, Dance, Dance (Yowsah Yowsah Yowsah)”.
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Hollywood grew more brilliantly, introducing movie stars like the funniest red-haired American, Lucille Ball, who later claimed her share of the television broadcast market through comedy. Hit shows like “I Love Lucy” put Lucy and her musician husband Desi Arnaz in the light of the TV. A show like this included a wide variety of musicians who contributed to Hollywood, such as Desi Arnas and Xavier Kugat.
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In 1918, Kugat traveled to the United States to work in the film with his superb group. It featured a young ball before Lusil Desi Arnez and other notable Cuban musicians. By 1920, Cougat had moved to Los Angeles to perform his savory shows, which often featured popular singers such as Rita Hayworth, who had once helped to star in a movie. After being known as a woman’s man, his third wife, Abbot Lane Kugat, has been involved in nine motion pictures during a fabulous Hollywood film career spanning from 1930 to 1959.
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A songwriter, guitarist and dancer couldn’t resist Cougat. She became his fourth wife in August 1966; he was 66 years old. After Cugat found Charo, the Salsoul Fairytale collaborated on his first four albums. Like Xavier Cougat, Charo was born in Spain and also has a broad name: Maria del Rosario Pilar Martinez Molina Baez.
Towards the end of Kugat’s dynamic career, he moved to the east coast and conducted the famous Waldorf-Astoria Hotel group house. Initially just an ordinary concert, it turned into an encore, lasting more than 15 years. Xavier Kugat actually got involved in the commercial form of Latin American music, but was criticized for crossing the unwritten boundaries of authentic music, as prescribed by his peers. He eventually left his group and handed his baton to the well-known and respected Tito Puente. Having released dozens of songs over 75 years, Kugat’s legacy spans significant inroads into the world of Hollywood cinema in the ’40s and’ 50s.
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Cougat completed his “circle of life” in America and in 1970 moved again to where it all began for him, Spain. This exceptional musician will always be remembered for his important contribution to the world of entertainment, dance and music that points to what I call a “special mode of action”, such as a special gift called Salsa.
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Salsa’s new popularity was taken to another level by Fania Records. This label led the musical revolution in the 1960s and still has a lasting effect on the world of pop today. Fania Records was created in the early 1960s by musician Johnny Pacheco and lawyer Jerry Masuchi. Johnny Pacheco linked singer Hector LaVois to trombonist Willie Colon and set up a team unlike any other in their profession. Many well-known couples of people from different professions have succeeded in business ventures. One example is the collaboration between talented musicians and skilful attorneys who came together to form powerful organizations such as ASCAP and Capitol Records.
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As a side note, Capitol was the West Coast’s first major label; the rest are based in New York. Around this time, the music industry made way for new artists and music styles, such as James Brown (Soul). There were also Stanley Clark and Return to Forever (Jazz-Fusion), Jimi Hendrix & The Experience, Sly & The Family Stone (racially integrated groups) and Parliament-Funkadelic (Funk). Salsa’s newest baby has become the majestic Fania All-Stars.
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The band included “heavy weights” such as Celia Cruz, Larry Harlow, Ray Barrett, Luis Ortiz, Bobby Valentin and his own Rumen Blades in Panama, whose Hollywood eye caught him in blockbuster movies and popular shows. In addition to appearing in classics like Predator 2, Blades has popped up in these films:
Tango Spin Killing Chinese Box

There was once a fatal beauty state in Mexico

Disorganized Crime The Two Jakes Mo’s Betta Blues

Life with Mikey Color of Night The X Files
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This is not a complete list. So where does such an exciting musical style as Salsa come from? This is a great question; there is also an answer to this. This infectious music, known as Salsa, was actually a union of Afro-Cuban, American and Puerto Rican flavors of Bomb, Jazz and Merengue. Through numerous performances and recordings, Salsa took on a unique shape and formed a dominant musical style. As a result, Salsa was released on stages and dance floors wherever she went. The Fania All-Stars presented Salsa at his best.
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Although Fania Records was released in the fall of 2005, its legendary music releases will soon not be forgotten; they can be slightly difficult to obtain. Without important contributions from creative singers, musicians and Fania Records, Latin music may not have been as popular as it is outside the Caribbean. To make my journey through life and music useful, I rely on a Bible verse to motivate me: “Search and find.” People need to take the time to look for the important values ​​in life. Music is a given; Salsa is a gift. I recommend trying both from time to time; or as often as necessary. “The music doctor said – vamonos, mi amigos!”


Carmine Lilo Galante – the cigar

He was as vicious as the Mafia boss Vito Genovese, as ambitious as Vito Genovese, and as deeply involved in the heroin business as Vito Genovese. However, Caranto “The Purata” Gallant would not die of natural causes, as Vito Genovese did (though in prison). Instead, Galante was killed in one of the most memorable hit mafias of all time. After his body was filled with lead, he lay spread on his back in the small patio of a restaurant in Queens, his cigar brand tightly clenched between his teeth.
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Camilo Galante was born on February 21, 1910, at 27 Stanton Street in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. Since both his parents, Vincenzo, the fisherman, and his wife (maiden name Vingenza Russo) were born in the seaside village of Castellammarese del Golfo in Sicily, Galante is a pure first generation Sicilian / American. Galante had two brothers and two sisters, and when he was at school, Galante dropped his name Camilo and insisted on his name being Carmine. Over the years he was shortened to Lilo, which was the name most of his associates called Galante.
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Galante first became involved in petty shoplifting when he was fourteen. But since he was a minor at the time, no record of that arrest is on his official police file.
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At various times, Galante attended Public Schools 79 and 120, but dropped out of school forever at the age of fifteen. Galante has been in and out of the Reform School several times and has been considered an “irreparable delinquent”.
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From 1923 to 1926 Galante was employed by the Artificial Flowers Company in Lubin at 270 West Broadway. However, this was wrong to satisfy the law that Galante was hired when in fact he was engaged in a very lucrative criminal career.
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In December 1925, Galante was arrested for assault. However, the money changed hands between the people of Galante and the crooked cops, and as a result Galante was released without any prison time. In December 1926, Galante was arrested again, but this time he was found guilty of second-degree assault and robbery and sentenced to two to five years in prison. Galante was released from prison in 1930 and, in order to satisfy his parole officer, he received another alleged “job” at the O & # 39; Brien Fish Company at 105 South Street, near Fulton Fish Market.
However, the nature of Galante was not to be kept to the right of the law. On March 15, 1930, five men entered the Martin Weinstein Shoe Factory at the corner of York and Washington Streets in Brooklyn Heights. On the 6th floor of the building, Mr. Weinstein was in the process of collecting his weekly records under the protection of Police Officer Walter De Castilla of the 84th Precinct. The five men took the elevator to the 6th floor. As one man stood guard in the elevator, the other four men stormed Mr. Weinstein’s office. They ignored $ 7,500 sitting at a table and opened fire on Officer De Castilla, a young girl’s married father, with nine years in force. Officer De Castilla was punched six times in the chest and died instantly.

The four men made their way quietly back to the elevator and joined their cohort guarding elevator operator Louis Sella. Stella took down the five men to the ground floor. He later told police that the men had left the building, quietly walked to a parked car, got into the car and fled the scene. When police arrived minutes after the station house, just 2 blocks away, the killers were nowhere to be seen. Villages described the five men as “in their early to mid-twenties, with dark skin and dark hair.” Selah said all the men were “very well dressed.”

The police theory was that since no money had been taken, this was a planned blow to Officer De Castilla. On August 30, 1930, Galante, along with Michael Consolo and Angelo Presincano, were arrested and charged with the murder of Officer De Castilla. However, all four men were soon released due to lack of evidence.

On December 25, 1930, four suspicious men were sitting in a green sedan on Briggs Avenue in Brooklyn. Police Detective Joseph Minahan just happened to be in the area. He spotted the men in the sedan, pulled out his gun and carefully approached the sedan. One of the men shouted to Meinahan, “Stop the honey there, or we will burn you.”

Before Meenahan responded, the shooting started from the green sedan. Minahan was shot in the leg, and a six-year-old girl walking with her mother was seriously injured. The driver of the sedan had trouble starting the car, so the four men jumped out of the sedan and tried to escape on foot. Three of the men fled the area by jumping on a passing truck, but the fourth man slipped when he tried to get on the truck and was detained by the injured Manahan. This man was Carmine Gallant.

When Meinahan took Galante to the station house, a group of detectives, angry that one of them had been injured, began giving Galante a “police station” setting. Despite receiving lumps, Galante refused to relinquish the identity of the escaped men. He was subsequently tried and convicted as one of four men who robbed a Lieberman brewery in Brooklyn. On January 8, 1931, Galante was detained at the Singh Sing Prison in Osingne, New York. He was later transferred to the Clinton Correctional Facility in Danemora, New York, where he remained until his release on May 1, 1939.

While Galante was in prison, he was given an IQ test which revealed that he had an IQ of only 90, which, although Galante was well into his twenties, equaled his mental age of 14. It was also noted that Galante was diagnosed as a “neuropathic psychopathic person”. A physical assessment showed that he sustained a head injury sustained in a car accident when Galante was 10 years old, with an ankle fracture when he was eleven years old, and that Galante showed early signs of gonorrhea, possibly occurring in one of the many mafia-controlled messes.

In 1939, after being released from prison, Galante again got the awkward job of his old job at the Lublin Artificial Flower Company. In February 1941, Galante became a member of Local 856 of the Longshorman Union, where he apparently worked as a stevedore. However, it is likely that Galante very rarely shows up for work; one of the perks of being a member of the mafia.

The exact date is unknown, but Galante was introduced as a member of the Bonano crime family in the early 1940s. Despite the fact that his boss is Joe Bonano, at that time the youngest Mafia boss in America, Galante made many hits for Vito Genovese, all in their 30s and 40s.

While Genovese was in self-imposed exile in Italy (he was wanted on a murder charge and flew to the party before he could be arrested), Genovese became fast friends with the Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. Mussolini had a stone in his shoe in America called Carlo Treza. Tressa provoked a great deal of agitation by Mussolini, constantly writing anti-fascist sentiment in his radical Italian language, the Il Martello newspaper, which was sold in Italian communities in America.

Genovese sent a message back to America to Frank Garofalo, Lieutenant General Joseph Bonano, saying that Tresa had to go. Garofalo contracted with Tresa to Galante, who overshadowed Tresa for a few days to determine the best time and place to hit him.

On January 11, 1943, Treza was walking along Fifth Avenue near 13th Street when a black Ford sedan pulled past him. The Ford stopped and Galante jumped out with a hot gun in his hand. Galante blasted Tress several times in the back and in the head, killing the newspaper editor instantly. It is amazing that Galante was seen by his release officer fleeing the scene of the accident, but because of the military norms of gasoline, the parole officer failed to follow the black Ford containing Galante and the smoking weapon. There has never been an arrest for Teresa’s murder.

In 1953, Bonano sent Galante to Montreal, Canada, to take control of the interests of the Bonano family north of the border. In addition to the very lucrative Canadian gambling rockets, Bonannos were heavy in importing heroin, from France to Canada, and then to America, the notorious French connection. Galante has been managing the Canadian drug operation for three years. But in 1956, Canadian police came across Galante’s involvement. Not having enough evidence to arrest Galante, they instead deport Galante to America, classifying Galante as “unwanted extraterrestrial.”

In 1957, Genovese called for a summit of all the highest-ranking Mafioso in America to be held at the upper New York residence of Apolachin by Joseph Barbara, a captain in the family of the buffalo crimes of Stefano Magadino. In preparation for this meeting, on October 19, 1956, a number of major crimes in New York State were called in to overcome the directions of the proposed meeting; the main purpose of which was to anoint Genovese as Capo di Tutti Capi or Boss of All Bosses.

After the meeting ended, driving back to New York, Galante was caught speeding near Birmingham, New York. As his driver’s license was terminated, Galante handed the phone to police. He was immediately arrested and sentenced to 30 days in prison. The Mafia’s tentacles, however, reached the New York State Police Department. After several New York attorneys made the right phone calls in the state of New York with motivated calls, Galante was released within 48 hours. Still, a state trooper by the name of Sergeant Edgar Roswell took note of the fact that Galante had admitted to police that he had spent the night last night at the Arlington Hotel, hosting a local businessman named Joseph Barbara. This prompted Roswell to pay particular attention to Barbara’s residence in Apalachin, New York.

Less than a month later, on November 17, 1957, at the insistence of Don Vito Genovese, mafia members from across America made their way to the Barbara residence. These men included Sam Giancana of Chicago, Santo Trafante of Florida, John Scalish of Cleveland and Joe Profaci and Tommy Luchese of New York. Galante boss Joe Bonano decided not to attend, and he sent for him.

Sergeant Roswell became aware of the fact that the day before the nearby Arlington Hotel had been booked for lifts with suspicious outside tugboats. Roswell asked the right questions, and he was able to confirm that the man who made the reservations for these men was Joseph Barbara himself. Roswell walked over to Barbara’s resident, and he noticed dozens of luxury cars parked outside, some with signs outside the city.

Roswell called for support, and within minutes, dozens of state troopers arrived with their rifles drawn. The corpses attacked Barbara’s residence and chaos ensued. Men wearing expensive suits, hats and shoes attached to the house. Some were immediately arrested; some got to their cars and left the property before obstacles were erected by police. Others jumped out of the windows and clung to the thorny forest. One of these men was Carmine Galante, who hid in a cornfield until police left Barbara’s residence. He then returned to Barbara’s home and arranged for his safe passage back to New York.

The next day, when the news of the attack on Barbara’s house hit American newspapers, blowing the lid on the delusional idea that the mafia was a myth, Galante went into the wind or, in a Mafia plan, he “pulled out a Lamia.” On January 8, 1958, the New York Herald Tribune wrote that Galante had escaped to Italy to hang out with old friend Salvatore “Lucky” Luciano, who had been in exile in Italy after serving nine years in an American prison for trumped-up prostitution charging. Another report says that it was not Luciano Galante, but rather Joe “Adonis” Doto, another exiled Mafia boss in Italy. On January 9, an American from the New York Magazine stated that Galante was not in Italy at all, but in Havana, Cuba, with Meyer Lansky, a longtime member of the National Crime Commission, who has numerous interests in casinos in Cuba.

In April 1958, somehow it expired that Galante was already back in the United States and living somewhere in the New York area. Local law went into operation and in July Galante was arrested by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics while driving near Holmdale, New Jersey. He was accused of engaging in a major heroin deal involving one of Galante’s many. Vito Genovese, John Ormento, Joe Di Palermo and Vincent Gigante were arrested in the same case. Galante, again using his cadre of New York attorneys, was released on $ 100,000 bail. Galante’s attorneys were able to delay any further court proceedings by almost two years. It was not until May 17, 1960 that Galante was formally charged and again released on bail.

On January 20, 1961, Galante’s trial finally began and Judge Thomas F. Murphy overturned Galante’s bail by ordering Galante to be imprisoned. However, Galante’s luck lingered when a manifesto was announced on May 15. It appeared that the jury foreman, a poor chief named Harry Apel, a 68-year-old clothing maker, had the misfortune to fall down the stairs in a 15th Street building in Manhattan. After the medics arrived and Apel was taken to a nearby hospital, Apel was found to have received a broken back. No one had seen Apel fall, nor did the injured and frightened Apel say he had hit him. Although they have no clear evidence, law enforcement officials believe Apel was pushed out of the cohort by Galante with a warning not to say anything to anyone and they would allow Apel and his family members to live.

Galante, now alive and well, was released from jail on $ 135,000 bond.

Alas, but all good things must be done.

In April 1962, Galante’s second trial began.

During the trial, there was some chaos in the courtroom when one of Galante’s co-defendants, a nasty creature named Tony Mira (who is said to have killed 30-40 people), became so unobtrusive that he lifted a chair and threw it at the prosecutor. Fortunately for the prosecutor, the chairman missed it and landed in the jury box, forcing scared jurors to scatter in all directions. The order was restored in court and the process continued, which was bad news for both Galante and Mira. Both men were found guilty and on July 10, 1962 Galante was sentenced to thirty years in prison. Mira was also sent to prison for a very long time. It is unclear whether extra time has been awarded to Mira’s sentence for the chair-throwing incident.

Galante was first sent to Alcatraz Prison, located on an island fortress in San Francisco Bay. He was then transferred to a Lewisburg penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas, before serving his final years in prison at the United States Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Finally Galante was released from prison on January 24, 1974, full of fire and brimstone, and ready to go to work. However, Galante should be released by 1981, so he must be careful not to maintain a high profile. Unfortunately, being in the background was not in Galante’s makeup.

While in prison, Galante made it clear that when he got out of prison, he would take control of the New York Mafia by the throat. The adopted head of the five mafia families in New York at the time was Carlo Gambino, head of the Gambino crime family. Gambino was shrewd and generally quiet and reserved; well respected for his business sense and his ability to keep peace among his own family, as well as other mafia families. However, Galante had to use Gambino or his method of doing business.

At the time of Galante’s release, his boss Joe Bonano was forced to “retire” and live in Tucson, Arizona. Bonano’s new boss was Rusty Rastelli. But since Rastelli was in a slap at the time, Galante took on the role of Bonanos’ “street boss”. Still, Rastelli was considered to be the head of the Bonanos, and he wasn’t happy about Galante sticking his things out on the streets of New York.

Galante took the unusual step and was not appreciated by other members of the Bonano crime family, surrounding himself with Sicily-born Mafioso like Caesar Bonventre, Salvatore Catalano and Baldo Amato. These men were derisively called “zippers” by the American mafia because of the swift manner in which they passed through the Italian language. Тези ципове бяха силно замесени в търговията с наркотици и в пряка опозиция с онези от семейството на престъпленията в Генувезе, което беше управлявано от Фунци Тиери, всеки малко по-хитър и порочен като Галанте.

Галанте имаше лек неуспех, когато през 1978 г. той бе арестуван от федералите за “свързване с известни престъпници”, което беше нарушение на неговата условно освобождаване. Докато Галанте се задушава в затвора, той заповядва на хората си да убиват мафиоти в семействата на престъпления в Геновезе и Гамбино, които участват в световната операция на наркотиците в Галанте. С Карло Гамбино, който вече е мъртъв (от естествени причини), Галанте прецени, че има мускулите да изтласка другите фонове на семейството на престъпността на заден план. От затвора той изпрати съобщението до другите шефове: “Кой от вас ще се изправи срещу мен?”

На 1 март 1979 г. Галанте е освободен от затвора и ходи по ефир, защото наистина вярваше, че другите престъпни босове се страхуват от него. Подобно на Вито Дженовезе преди него, Галанте се представяше за „шеф на всички босове“ и беше само въпрос на време другите шефове да се спуснат пред Галанте и да му връчат титлата.

Галант обаче подценяваше силата и волята на другите шефове на Мафиозо в Ню Йорк. Докато Галанте се разхождаше по улиците на Ню Йорк, другите шефове проведоха среща в Бока Ратон, Флорида, за да решат съдбата на Галанте. На тази среща присъстваха Фунци Тиери, Джери Катена, Пол Кастелано и шефът на Флорида Санто Трафанте. Тези мощни мъже гласуваха единодушно, ако трябва да има мир на мафията по улиците на Ню Йорк, Галанте трябваше да отиде. Растели, който все още беше в затвора, беше консултиран и дори възрастният Джо Бонано, живеещ в Аризона, беше попитан дали има резерви към бившия си близък сътрудник. И Растели, и Бонано подписаха договора за убийство на Галанте, а дните на Галанте бяха преброени.

На 12 юли 1979 г. беше горещ и лепкав летен ден, когато 69-годишната Карлин Галанте Линкълн се изтегли на 205 Knickerbocker Avenue, в участъка Бушвик в Бруклин. Повече от 50 години Авеню на Knickerbocker беше тревата на семейството на престъпления в Бонано и през годините се проведоха многобройни посегателства в една от няколкото витрини на блока.

Кармин Галант излезе от Линкълн, след което махна сбогом на шофьора: неговия племенник Джеймс Галанте. Кармин Галанте беше облечена в бяла плетена риза с къс ръкав и, както беше по негов обичай, смучеше огромна пура на Чърчил. Галанте се втурна вътре в мъничкия ресторант и бе приветстван от Джо Турано, собственика на Джо и ресторант Мери. Галанте бе направил това посещение, за да се срещне с Турано и с Леонард „Нардо“ Копола, близък сътрудник на Галанте, за някои неопределени бизнес мафиоти.

Приблизително в 1:30 ч. Капола влезе в ресторанта, придружен от ципове Балдо Амато и Чезаре Бонвентре, които бяха братовчеди, и от същото село с родителите на Галанте: Castellammarese del Golfo. По това време Галанте и Турано вече бяха приключили с яденето си, така че, докато тримата новодошли седяха вътре и обядваха, Галанте и Турано се измъкнаха навътре във вътрешния двор и седнаха под чадър с жълто-тюркоаз. След като Капола, Бонвентре и Амато приключиха с вечерята, те се присъединиха към другите двама мъже отвън. Галанте и Турано пушеха пури и пиеха еспресо кафе, изпъстрено с Анисета (само туристи и неиталианци пият Самбука).

Галанте седеше с гръб към малка градина, докато Амато седеше отляво, а Бонвентре отдясно. Турано и Капола седяха от другата страна на масата с гръб към вратата, която водеше към ресторанта.

Около 14:40 ч. Синьо Mercury Montego двойно паркира пред Джо и Ресторант Мери. Колата е била открадната преди около месец. Шофьорът, облечен в червена райета ски маска, която покриваше лицето му, излезе от колата и застана нащрек, държейки в ръцете си заплашително карабина M.3030 M1. Други трима мъже, също носещи ски маски, скочиха от колата и се впуснаха в ресторанта. Преминаха покрай няколкото стреснати вечери, които все още ядеха обяда, и се втурнаха в зоната на вътрешния двор.

Когато влязоха във вътрешния двор, един маскиран мъж каза на другия: „Вземете го, Сал!“

Стрелецът, наречен „Сал“, започна няколко пъти да стреля с двуколесна пушка по Галанте, като задвижваше Галанте, докато се издигаше от стола, на гърба си. Галанте беше ударен с 30 пелети, като единият му изби лявото око. Галанте вероятно беше мъртъв, преди да удари земята, пурата му все още се заби плътно между зъбите.

Докато Галанте беше застрелян, Джо Турано извика: “Какво правиш?”

Същият стрелец се обърна към Турано и с пушката, притисната към гърдите на Турано, взриви Турано във вечността.

Капола скочи от масата или Амато, или Бонвентре (не е ясно кой е стрелял) застреля Капола в лицето, а след това пет пъти в гърдите. Капола кацна с лицето надолу, а убиецът с пушката се удари от гърба на главата на Копола.

След това тримата маскирани мъже изтичаха от ресторанта и влязоха в чакащата кола за бягство. Според свидетели пред ресторанта колата се е качила на авеню Knickerbocker до Flushing Avenue, след което изчезнала зад ъгъла. Бонвентре и Амато, които носеха кожени якета въпреки задушаващата жега, скоро последваха тримата артилеристи от ресторанта. Те спокойно тръгнаха надолу по блока, влязоха в син Линкълн и потеглиха, сякаш бяха полагали грижи по света.

Тялото на Галанте беше положено в погребалния дом в Провансано-Ланза на 43 Второ авеню от Долната Източна страна. Тълпите, които обикновено придружават мафиотски събуждания от този вид, по-специално липсваха. Галанте е погребан на 17 юли на гробището Сейнт Джон в Куинс. По време на броенето федералите само 59 души присъстваха на погребалната маса и погребението на Галанте. Федерите съобщиха също, че нито един мъж, накарал мафията, е бил заловен на камери за наблюдение, нито след събуждането, нито на погребението.

Един Фед, коментирайки оскъдната избирателна активност, каза: “Галанте беше толкова лош, хората не искаха да го виждат, дори когато беше мъртъв.”

Въпреки че вестниците изиграха убийството със страховити снимки на първа страница, широката общественост изглеждаше неприлична по отношение на мащаба на събитието. Младо момче се приближи до полицай, който стоеше охраняващ будката.

“Актьор ли беше?” – каза детето на ченгето.

Полицаят отговорил: „Не, той беше гангстер“.


Aobout ETH

The second most valuable digital asset by market capitalization became Ethereum (ETH) in 2019, according to Binance Research, the new research will be 2019.

They said that last year ETH showed an “average average correlation” with other digital assets, with an average correlation coefficient of 0.69.

For the purposes of the study, activities with a correlation above 0.5 were assigned a strong positive relationship, while assets with a correlation of 0.5 were considered to have a strong negative relationship. The higher the number, the stronger the correlation.

cryptocurrency prices

Cardano (ADA) and EOS followed ETH, with correlation coefficients of 0.65 and 0.66, respectively. This is compared to a correlation coefficient of 0.31 against Cosmos (ATOM), which was the lowest correlation digital asset of the year, followed by a network link (LINK) and tezos (XTZ).

Overall, Binance concluded that all cryptocurrency systems continue to be “highly correlated” with what many cryptocurrency analysts have observed over the past few years. However, the correlation was “slightly reduced” in the fourth quarter of 2019, per report.


Jammin & # 39; In Jamaica – The History of Jamaican Dub Music

Around the explosive, politically and musically transitional period of the late 1960s, America, Jamaica and England were affected by new production techniques that first raised their heads in Jamaican studios. Special effects units such as delay, echo, and reverb gained popularity through producers such as Osborne (King Tube) Ruddock, who owned a sound system and cut acetates at Duke Reid Treasure Isle Studio. By accidentally leaving parts of the vocal mix to a song, Rudock came up with a new formula that offered more possibilities for performing studio magic. He took this new mix with him to dance and played the first recognizable version. Then he played his "incident" and the oak mix was born. Not only did he blast people that night; he runs back to the studio to do it again.

In the 1970s, when a single came out, it was often answered with another recording that commented on the second artists to the first record. Sometimes many of the techniques known as toasting have come out of this technique. This form of rape was later captured in the United States through the concrete jungles of New York. On many Rap mixtapes and CDs, artists would modify the toasting by discarding it when they had beef in between. Although part of the product was hard to find, the fans ate the resulting, often exclusive, versions anyway. Toasting used catch phrases that included the sharp Jamaican dialect – that added to the rhythmically expressive, deep melodic quality of Reggae's music. When many of my Jamaican colleagues speak, their accents often make them sound like music: quite rhythmic, quite expressive, quite melodic, quite harmonious and quite textural. Here are some popular Jamaican phrases:

Babylon – hard life, trouble My Utah – home

Bwoyfren & # 39; – boyfriend N & # 39; yam – eat food

Cool zucchini – all is well "Ole of lyric – wait just a minute

Cho – it doesn't matter Onu – all of you

Diyah – this is Pickney – children

Frock – Dress Redi Dress – Pointing out

Is it & # 39; my & # 39; – this is my Roll tide – keep moving

Good Good – That's Good Selectah – DJ

Gweh – get out of my face S & # 39; mody – someone

Guin – goes Sokobibasa – dressed poorly

Gyalfren & # 39; – girlfriend Tegereg – troublesome; a P.I.T.A.

Leggo beas & # 39; – wild, uneducated I'm blunting you – hit you

Maahgah – Skinny Whe & # 39; mk? – why?

The dialects of Jamaican Patush can be spoken quickly, slowly or moderately. Some of the dictionaries are easier to understand than others because it may depend on which region of Jamaica is one. Some people may have emotional flexes in their speech patterns, while others may have musical ones. One thing is for sure, if you can't hear, you will definitely know it when a man from the islands talks or sings … "yes, mon." But even without the vocals, this Jamaica underground Dub music was still shaping up. By 1973, King Tubby Ruddock was experimenting with instrumental versions of songs, manipulating the sounds of the songs. Its equipment contains a disk cutting device, a mixing console, belt machines and assemblies. He has been working with the island's top producers to compose and release a dub album, Blackboard Jungle.

Instrumental versions of the songs soon appeared on the B-sides of singles called dub mixes. Whether the pieces are suddenly punched with buttons or faded smoothly with the sliding fader, they still get a large dose of sound effects. In some cases, interesting effects were created by placing a strap over the tape machine heads. To facilitate this method, a portion of the "surgery" or "splicing" bar is identified. Bonding is done by placing the strip section on a "cutting block" with vertical and diagonal grooves embedded in it. The grooves guided the razor blade as it cut the ribbon at the beginning and end of the section to be cut. The two ends of the insulated tape are then glued together and passed through the rollers of the tape, which pass the tape onto the three heads (erasing, recording and playing) in a repeated, cyclic manner.

The play head picks up the signal and plays it while you press the stop button. If the splice was not precise, this procedure can be tedious and time-consuming. This method may not have fallen into the fast-paced world of Rap it quick Rap music, but sampling is certain. Electronically generated sounds and sampling have become world phenomena. Like a band, Jamaicans use samples to create new music like Dancehall Reggae. You will want to see the chapter "What Music Does" in the upcoming Musicology 102 for more information on sampling. If the information in this chapter intensifies your interest, we will look at more studio techniques that you may find interesting in the continuation of this book, Musicology 103.

Dub remixes were released as standard configuration until the mid-70's and DJs were constantly releasing them in clubs. The open connection between the United States and Jamaica has allowed new styles and trends to differentiate between the two cultures. At the end of the decade, Rap music made its introduction through creative cyclical lines of drums and bass with a rhythmic (non-melodic) vocal song and new sounds. Rap took the showmen to the next level using Jamaican Dancehalls techniques and sound systems, courtesy of innovative DJs like Kool Herc. In case you may have forgotten, we opened the book chapter by talking about the DJ who thundered the clubs. The "big windows" of these misunderstood characters – they changed the era's music protocol by breaking the music and remixing it. In America, R&B, Funk, Jazz and Dance music were also broken and rebuilt; adding expectation, excitement and excitement to physical activity (dance) and other types of live performances.

Oak music has often been fused together in a live setting (people are around), with the mixing board serving as the center of action as if it were a musical instrument. In the hands of an experienced, partially or totally insane sound engineer or producer, this meant hit records. In addition to tweaking the sound processing devices, other studio tricks were used to produce the desired or unexpected effect. Some techniques include the use of guns, screams, sirens, whistles, test tones, mechanical sounds; it even physically hits the reverb to get a new sound. It is the answer to the exclusivity factor that was taken very seriously in Jamaican music. Since no one else had the sounds, no one else could reproduce them. To quote the pioneering rapper Rakim (Eric B & Rakim), "I said it before".

Towards the end of the '70s, the Imprint label, led by top Oak engineer Lloyd James (aka Prince Jamie), came into the spotlight to become one of the leading forces in this new wave of music coming from Jamaica. In the meantime, concerts by Jamaican artists were supported by a core group of black and white artists in England and the United States. The support of British and American record makers encouraged a curious fan base to listen closer to Reggie. Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton and The Police made hits that hinted at Reggie, while Marvin Gay and Stevie Wonder gave their convincing prospects. Just listen well to bands like The Eagles ("Hotel California") and Steely Dan ("Hey Nineteen") as you dig through hordes of great music to decipher what they and so many others created during the fairytale your career. More tactical support was on the way when the new Dancehall genre left Jamaica. In the late 80's to early 90's, he filtered into the Rap / Hip-Hop culture, through transplanted Jamaans and young people from Apple's big city who were already thinking "out of the box."

The loss of Jamaica music prophet Bob Marley in 1981 shook Jamaica's shores and responded worldwide. Before things got better, things got worse, and Jamaica's economy took a nosedive. Political turmoil erupted between the Jamaican Labor Party (JLP) and the People's National Party (PNP). Jamaican poses have become murderously volatile both at home and in the United States and the United States. Famous activists (including musicians and others) were viciously shot, left and right. The per capita statistics were amazing. He had to give something; on this nearly 150-mile-long, starving island, was in the middle of the Caribbean. The Jamaica bureaucracy (released for a year that matters a lot to me) has gone through seven pairs of hands through numerous Prime Ministerial distributions over the years:

1962 – 1967 Alexander Bustamante (JLP)

1967 Donald Sangster (JLP)

1967 – 1972 Hugh Shearer (JLP)

1972 – 1980 Michael Manley (PNP)

1980 – 1989 Edward Shiga (JLP)

1989 – 1992 Michael Manley (PNP)

1992 – 2006 P.J. Patterson (PNP)

2006 – Present P.S.-Miller (PNP)

Notice something interesting? It has been said that there is no permanent change like this: For the first time in history, Jamaica has been giving away its male-dominated political reigns to another original – Jamaica's first wife, Prime Minister, in March 2006, PNP's own Simpson-Miller Party. inherited another PNP member, Prime Minister Percival James Patterson.

In England, the artists of Reggae and Oak have made successful appearances in the music industry's battle arena, cutting and voicing the studio mix exclusively for the club. Until the 1990s, the prominent Dub music division originated not only in Jamaica but also in the US and US with styles such as "Drum & Bass", "Jungle", "Trip-Hop" and "Techno". International bands from other genres such as The Cure, Depeche Mode, Garbage, Living Color, Nine Inch Nails and dozens of rappers, producers and DJs have tested Dub in their songs. Dub influences are often heard on recordings with electronic drums, bass, piano, strings and horns in Reggae styles such as Dancehall. Popular sounding was discovered in an early form of Reggaeton called Dancehall Reggaespanol, or Spanish Dancehall. This style of music was more popular with people from Hispanic communities in Cuba, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico, Jamaica and abroad. Spanish Reggae includes Reggae music with Spanish lyrics and catchy horns. Traditional Latin music can often include the guitar in songs.

Many people may not realize it, but the Panama Canal was built not only by local Panamans, but also by Jamaicans and other immigrants from all over the world in search of economic relief. It didn't take long for the music industry to notice that there were many black Latinos in places like the ones listed above and in South America. Until 1991, Columbia Records recognized Dancehall Reggaespanol for its appeal to a large, multicultural fan base. Some actions:


Cocoa tea

Cutty Ranks

El General

Fab 5

Killer Ranks

La Diva

Lisa M.

Little Lenny


Nando Boom

Nardo Ranks


Sugar Minot


A rude girl

(La Atrevida)

Points of Interest:

o Performer Lisa M is from Puerto Rico; Not only does she make songs like the ones on this CD, she also creates music in other styles like Merengue. Merengue is popular across the Caribbean islands and in South America. While pointing to the well-known Merengue hotspots, let's not forget the location of the famous international channel – Panama of Central America, home of red gold. Lisa M and the other cast members of Dancehall Reggaespanol were at the forefront of something that would not be stolen until after the new millennium.

o Now called Reggaeton music, Latin dance music includes Spanish lyrics as a driving force; As their popularity progresses, a whole new generation of music evaluators will be pleasantly surprised to hear this exciting musical form: some for the first time. God worshiped, children.

o You may have noticed the name "Ranks" attached to Cutty, Killer and Nardo. Believe me – these guys are not blood brothers. In fact, many Dancehall performers used "Ranks" in their stage names. One of the largest was the Shaba. He signed to Epic Records at the time Columbia Records signed to another hot Jamaican artist known as Supercat. Since working for Sony Music (Epic Distributor), I've marketed and promoted Epic editions on Shabba Ranks.

o Supercat (also known as Don Dada) was already doing his job at a "super" level when he signed a contract with Columbia Records in the late 1980s. He was also one of the black spots selected in the first round when the label began its distribution at Dancehall / Reggae. As I continue to outgrow the violins, let me note that it was another act I marketed at Sony Music, along with Columbia's Dancehall Reggaespanol CD. Considered the "Godfather of the West Indies" in "business", Supercat falls in love with Damien Marley's song with the somewhat infamous Bobby Brown called "Handsome". This is another hit song on Marley's Welcome to Jamrock CD. Trust this! Supercat still has its mojo, too, with its name mentioned twice each time it appears in the song. "Check it out!"


Corn sugar and blood and the rise and fall of the Mafia in Cleveland

Chapter I

The Big Anger and the death of the Cleveland Mafia

In 1983, Angelo Lonardo, a 72-year-old one-time Mafia boss in Cleveland, turned to a government informant. He shocked family, friends, law enforcement officers and, in particular, criminal associates with his decision, which was taken after he was sentenced to life plus 103 years for convicting drugs and racketeering. The verdict came after a monumental investigation by local, state and federal agencies, but did not destroy the Cleveland Mafia.

The "big angel," as they called him, was the mafia with the highest rank for defect. He testified in 1985 at the Las Vegas casino on "skimming" in Kansas City and in 1986 in the New York Mafia "governing committee" process. Many of the country's top mafia leaders were convicted as a result of these lawsuits.

During his testimony, Lonardo recounted how at the age of 18 he took revenge for the murder of his father by killing the man he was found guilty of. He further testified that after the killing, he was responsible for the murders of several of his father's business rivals Porrello during the ban.

Chapter II

Birth of the Mafia in Cleveland

At the end of eighteen hundred, the four Lonardo brothers and seven Porrelo brothers are friends of the boys and colleagues of the workers of the sulfur mine in their hometown of Licata, Sicily. They came to America in the early nineteen hundred and eventually settled in the Cleveland Forest District. They remained close friends. Several Porrelo brothers and Lonardo worked together in a small business.

The leader of the Lonardo clan, Big Joe, has become a successful businessman and community leader in the lower Woodland Avenue area. During the ban, he gained success as a dealer in corn sugar, which was used by bookers to make corn liqueur. Big Joe provided stationary materials and supplies to poor people in the Italian neighborhood. They would make the drink, and Big Joe would buy it back, giving them a commission. He was respected and feared as a "patron" or godfather. "Big Joe" became the leader of a powerful and vicious gang and was known as the "Baron of Corn Sugar." Joe Porrello was one of his corporals.

Chapter III

The first bloody angle

With the advent of the ban, Cleveland, like other big cities, has experienced a wave of bootleg-related killings. The murders of Louis Rosen, Salvatore Vela, August Rini and several others produced the same suspects, but without charge. These suspects were members of the Lonardo gang. Several of the murders took place at the corner of E. 25th and Woodland Avenue. This intersection became known as the "bloody corner."

By this time, Joe Porrelo had left the Leonardos employee to start his own wholesale sugar business.

Porrelo and his six brothers raised their money and eventually became successful maize sugar traders, based in the Upper Forest Ave Avenue near E. 110th Street.

With small competitors, sugar traders and bootleggers mysteriously dying of a violent death, Lonardos's business thrives when they acquire a near-monopoly on the corn-sugar business. Their main competitors were their old friends Porrellos.

Raymond Porrello, the youngest of his brothers, was arrested by federal undercover agents to arrange the sale of 100 gallons of whorehouse owned by Porrello in E. 110th and Woodland. He was sentenced in Dayton, Fr. Shelter for the poor.

The Porrelo brothers paid the influential Big Joe Lonardo $ 5,000 to get Raymond out of jail. "Big Joe"

failed in his experience but never returned $ 5,000.

Meanwhile, in Cleveland, Ernest York and Jack Brownstein arrived, proclaiming themselves "tough guys" from Philadelphia. York and Brownstein were shake artists and their victims were Cleveland boulevards who shouted how they both felt it necessary to explain that they were difficult. Real healthy guys didn't need to tell people they were difficult. After providing laughter to the gangsters in Cleveland, York and Brownstein were taken on a "one-way ride."

Chapter IV

Corn sugar and blood

"Big Joe" Lonardo in 1926, now in the midst of his wealth and power, went to Sicily to visit his mother and

relatives. He left behind his closest brother and business partner, John.

During Big Joe's six-month absence, he lost much of his $ 5,000-a-week profit to the Porrelos, who took advantage of John Lonardo's lack of business skills and the help of a disgruntled Lonardo employee. Big Joe is back and business talks are beginning between Porrelos and Lonardos.

They "urged" the Porrelos to regain their lost clientele.

On October 13, 1927, Big Joe and John Lonardo go to the barber shop in Porrelo to play cards and talk to Angelo Porrelo, as they did last week. As the Lonardos entered the back room of the store, two gunners opened fire. Angelo Porrelo leaned under one table.

The underworld of Cleveland lost its first boss as Big Joe came down with three bullets to the head. John Lonardo was shot in the chest and groin, but he pulled out his pistol and managed to chase the attackers through the barber. He dropped his gun at the store, but continued to chase down the gunners on the street, where one of them turned and shot Lonardo in the head several times with the butt of his gun. John fell unconscious and died to death.

The Porrelo brothers were arrested. Angelo was charged with the murder of the Lonardo brothers. The charges were later dropped due to lack of evidence. Joe Porrelo succeeded Lonardos as the corn sugar "baron" and later appointed himself the "capo" of the Cleveland Mafia.

Chapter V

The meeting in Cleveland

The trail of Boolean blood continued to flow with many murders stemming from the conflict between Porrelo and Lonardo.

Lawrence Lupo, a former Leonardo bodyguard, was killed after he was told he wanted to take over the Leonardo corn sugar business.

Anthony Caruso, a butcher who saw Leonardo's killers flee, was shot and killed. He was thought to know the identity of the artillerymen and intended to expose them to the police.

On December 5, 1928, Joe Porrelo and his lieutenant and bodyguard Sam Tilochko host the first known major mafia meeting at the Cleveland Hotel Statler. Many great mafia leaders were invited from Chicago to New York to Florida. The meeting was raided before it actually began.

Joe Profaci, a mafia leader in Brooklyn, NY, is the most famous of the arrested gangsters. Within a few hours, to the consternation of police officers and court officers, Joe Porrelo gathered thirty family members and friends who put their houses as security for the bandits' bonds. Profaci was rescued personally by Porrelo. There was a great deal of debate about the validity of the bonds.

Several theories were given as to the reason for the meeting. It was first thought that the gangsters, the local presidents of Unione Siciliane, a mafia-infiltrated immigrant relief society, were there to elect a new national president. Their former president, Frankie Yale, was recently killed on the orders of the notorious Chicago al Capone. Second, it was thought that the meeting might be convened

to organize the high-yield corn sugar industry. It was also said that the men were there to "confirm" Joe Porrello as Cleveland's "capo".

Capone's non-Sicilian is reported to be in Cleveland for the meeting. He left shortly after arriving at

a council of associates who said the Sicilians did not want him there.

Chapter VI

The second bloody angle

As Joe Porrello's strength and wealth increased, the heirs and close associates of the Lonardo brothers flared up for revenge.

Angelo Lonardo, Big Joe's 18-year-old son, along with his mother and cousin, drove to the corner of E. 110th and Woodland, Porrelo Fortress. There, Angelo sent a message that his mother wanted to talk to Salvatore "Black Sam" Todoro. Todoro, already Porrello's lieutenant, had worked for Angelo's father and is believed to be guilty of his murder. In later years, he was thought to be one of the gunsmiths.

When Todaro approached to speak with Mrs. Lonardo, whom he respected, Angelo pulled out a pistol and emptied it into the crammed frame of Black Sam. Todaro slumped on the sidewalk and died.

Angelo and his cousin disappeared within a few months, hiding in the kind assistance of a friend of Leonardo Al Capone. Later, it was believed that Angelo was spending time in California with his uncle Dominic, the fourth brother of Leonardo, who fled west when he was charged with murder in 1921 for robbery.

Eventually, Angelo and his cousin were arrested and charged with the murder of Black Sam. For the first time in the history of the Cleveland murders, justice was done as both young men were sentenced and sentenced to life. Justice, although served, will be delayed as they will only be released a year and a half later after winning a new trial.

Chapter VII

Rise of the Mobfield Road Mafia

On October 20, 1929, Frank Lonardo, brother of Big Joe and John, was shot to death while playing cards. Two theories of his death were given; that he avenged the murder of Black Sam Todoro and that he was killed for defaulting on gambling debts. Mrs. Frank Lonardo when he was informed

The murder of her husband shouted, "I'll take them. I'll take them myself if I have to kill an entire regiment! "

By 1929, crime boss in small Italy Frank Milano rose to power as the leader of his own Mayfield Road Mafia gang. The Milan band is made up of the remains of the Lonardo gang and is also linked to the powerful Cleveland Syndicate, Mori Klineman, Mo Dalitz, Sam Tucker and Luis Rothkoff. The Cleveland Syndicate was responsible for much of the Canadian beverage imported through Lake Erie. In later years, they went into the casino business. One of the biggest and most profitable businesses was building a Desert Inn hotel / casino in Las Vegas. Dalitz would become known as "The Godfather of Las Vegas."

Joe Porrello admires the political organization of Milan, a bipartisan political club in the East End, and seeing the value of such influence, wants to ally himself with the group. Milan refused. It was later reported that Porrello had affiliated with the newly formed 21st District Republican Club. He hoped to organize voters on Woodland Avenue, as Milano did along Mayfield.

Chapter VIII

More corn sugar and blood

By 1930, Milan had grown quite powerfully. He had gone so far that he wanted some of the lucrative Porrelo corn business. On July 5, 1930, Porrelo received a phone call from Milan requesting a conference at his Venice restaurant on Mayfield Road. Sam Tilochko's brother and Joe Porrelo Raymond urged him not to go.

Around 2:00 pm Joe Porrelo and Sam Tilochko arrived at Milan's restaurant and spoke easily. Porrelo, Tiloco and Frank Milano sat at the restaurant and discussed business. Several of Milan's young men were sitting nearby. The atmosphere was tense when Porrelo refused to join Milan's demands.

Porrello reached into his pocket for his watch to check the weather. Two of Milan's men, possibly believing Porrelo was reaching for his gun, opened fire. Porrell died instantly with three bullets in his head. At the same time, a third Milan gang member fired at Tilokko, who was hit three times but managed to break out of the door to his new Cadillac. He fell to the ground as the gunners pursued him, finishing him with six more bullets.

Frank Milano and several of his restaurant employees were arrested, but only on suspicion charges. The gunners have never been identified in reality. Only one witness was present in the drawing room when the shooting began. He was Frank Joyner, a slot machine distributor whose only testimony was that he "thought" he had seen Frank Milano at the restaurant during the killings.

Cleveland's aggressive and outspoken safety director, Edwin Barry, frustrated by the ever-increasing number of bootleg murders, has ordered all known sugar stores to be closed. He ordered the police officer to be detailed on each of them to make sure that no sugar was imported or removed.

Meanwhile, the six Porrelo brothers donned black silk shirts and ties and buried their most successful brother. The illustrious double gangster funeral was one of the greatest Cleveland he had ever seen. Two lanes and thirty-three cars, laden with flowers, led the procession of the slain don and his bodyguard. More than two hundred and fifty cars followed, containing family and friends. Thousands of grieving and curious onlookers lined the sidewalks.

Cleveland's underworld was rife with rumors of an impending war. Porrello's brother Vincente-James spoke openly about the removal of all those responsible for his brother's murder.

Three weeks after the murder of his brother, Jim Porrelo was still wearing a black shirt when he entered the I&A Food and Meat Market at E. 110th Street and Woodland. As he pulled out the lamb chops on a meat counter, a Ford passenger car, the curtains pulled tight, walked slowly past the store. Several rifles popped up and two shots were fired, one through the front window of the store and one through the front door of the screen.

Amateur gunners were lucky. Two pellets found the back of Porrello's head and entered his brain. He rushed to the hospital.

Chapter IX

"I think it might kill all of us Porrelos"

"I think they might kill all of us Porrelos. I think they might kill all of us except Rosario. They can't

kill him – he's in jail. "So Otavio Porrelo gloomily but calmly predicted the likely fate of him and his brothers as he waited outside Jim's hospital room. Jim Porrelo died at 5:55 p.m.

Two local small gangsters have been arrested and charged with murder. One is dismissed from office with a directed sentence and the other is justified. Like almost all the killings surrounding Cleveland Boulevard, the killers have never seen justice.

At that time, there were rumors that the Porrelo brothers were marked for extermination. The survivors

the brothers hid. Raymond, known for his coquettish attitude and hot temper, spoke the way his brother James tried to get his revenge. Raymond, however, was smarter, and he took proactive measures to protect himself.

On August 15, 1930, three weeks after the assassination of James Porrelo, Raymond Porrelo's house was leveled at a brutal explosion. He had not been home since he took his family and left his home in anticipation of the attack.

Four days later, Frank Alessi, witness to the murder of Big Brother Joe's brother Frank Lonardo, was shot dead. From his deathbed, he identified Frank Branca as his attacker. Branca was known primarily as a follower of Lonardo and was suspected of several murders. Branka was acquitted of Alessi's murder.

Chapter X

In March 1931, Rosario Porrelo was released from the London prison farm in Ohio, where he served one year carrying a gun in his car.

In mid-1931, the national mafia "capo di tutti capi" (boss of all bosses) Salvatore Marantzano was killed. His assassination marked the beginning of the creation of the first national mafia steering committee, designed to stem the multiple murders stemming from conflicts between and within Mafia families and to promote the application of modern business practices in crime.

Charles "Lucky" Luciano was the committee's lead developer and was named chairman. Also appointed to the committee were Al Capone of Chicago, Joe Profachi of Brooklyn and Frank Milano of Cleveland.

In December 1931, Angelo Lonardo and his cousin Dominic Suspirato were released from prison after being acquitted of the murder of Black Sam Todoro during a second trial. As he avenged his father's death and (for the most part) got rid of him, he became a respected member of Mobfield Road Mob.

The thirst for revenge was not satisfied for the members of the Lonardo family. It was generally considered

that Black Sam Todoro instigated and may have been involved in the killings of Big Joe and John Lonardo. Members of the Lonardo family, however, are thought to be threatening other Porrello brothers, especially volatile John and Raymond, and biggest brother, Rosario.

the murders of Joe and James Porrello.

На 25 февруари 1932 г. Реймънд Поррело, брат му Розарио и техният бодигард Доминик Гулино (известен също от няколко псевдоними) играят карти в близост до Е. 110-та и Уудланд авеню. Входната врата се отвори и в градушка от куршуми братята Поррело, техният бодигард и наблюдател слязоха. Поррелосите загинаха на местопроизшествието. Гулино почина след няколко часа. Наблюдателят накрая се възстанови от своето


Няколко часа след убийствата Франк Бранката с куршум в стомаха се завлече в болницата на Сейнт Джон от западната страна на Кливланд. Той твърдеше, че е застрелян в улична битка от западната страна. Няколко дни по-късно тестове на куршума, взет от Бранката, разкриха, че той идва от пистолет, открит на мястото на убийството на братя Поррело. Въпреки че никога не е осъждан за нито едно от убийствата, Бранката е осъден за лъжесвидетелстване за лъжа пред голямото жури за местонахождението му по време на убийството. Той излежава четири години, след като присъдата от една до десет години беше заменена от управителя Мартин Л. Дейви.

През 1933 г. забраната е отменена. Убийствата на буутълг предимно спираха, когато организираната престъпност се премести в други предприятия. Анджело Лонардо продължи криминалната си кариера като уважаван член на семейство Кливланд, в крайна сметка се издига през редиците, за да управлява ракетите в североизточната част на Охайо през 1980 година.

В началото на 1933 г., в продължение на трагедията на голямото семейство Поррело, синът на Росарио Анджело, 21-годишен, е убит в битка за игра на басейн в Буфало. Говореше се, че той и чичо му Джон се опитваха да участват в бизнеса с царевичен алкохол.



Long Island Aviation Foundation

Rarely populated, as can be seen from the once thin spread of country houses, Long Island, still in its nascent state, was a forest carpet, but a single central clearing, the largest east of the Mississippi River, stood as an oasis in the desert and serves as spawning ground. It was called the "Hampstead Plains." Almost destined as a threshold to the air, its flat, unobstructed spaces called for flight, providing space for experiments with aircraft, flying fields and pilot schools, an area where vehicles spread their wings and rise from the womb that incubated them, chasing them an ascending path that will one day darken the atmosphere and connect the planet to its moon.

Located on the eastern edge of the country, a dividing line pointing only transcontinental to the west or transatlantic to the European continent, the area adjacent to New York, the most populous city in the world, serves only to geographically cement this aviation base,

Glenn Hammond Curtiss, the first to triumph over Long Island with his Golden Flyer biplane, won the American Scientific Trophy after flying a 25-kilometer Mineola flight on July 17, 1909, attracting other aviation-inspired people and the first commercial airline buyer.

Stormy aviation interest and experimentation, quickly eclipsing the confines of the tiny field, led to the creation of the nearby Hempstead Plains Airport, whose nearly 1,000-acre grounds had 25 wooden hangars and stands before the summer of 1911. The Moissant School, the country's first civic institution , was opened with a fleet of seven Bleriot monoplanes operating from five structures. He subsequently issued the first female pilot's license to Harriet Quimbi.

Long Island Aviation Soil Avoiding As Much Grass provided the scene for the first international aviation meeting of the year at Belmont Park in Elmont, attracting both pilots from the US and Europe who competed and set speed and performance records with an ever-expanding collection of early designs, while Sheepshead Bay in Brooklyn served as the origin of the first transcontinental flight manned by the Calbright Rogers designed with the EX Vin Fiz biplane on September 17, 1911 in San Diego, CA. her 49 days later, despite a dizzying array of stopping environment and reconstruction of the frame requiring crashes.

The first U.S. Air Mail route, though a short, temporary, six-mile stretch from Garden City to Mineola on a Bleriot plane, also happened that year.

Taking over the military role, Hempstead Plains Airfield provided the pilot training ground for the National Guard in New York in 1915, and two years later became one of only two U.S. Army flights with a fleet of four Curtiss JN- 4 Jenny planes. It was also the year when the Hazelhurst Field was redesigned, in honor of an Army pilot who lost his life in a plane crash.

To meet the increased demand for Army pilot training, Field # 2 was created south of existing Hazelhurst Airport in 1917 and was later renamed Mitchell Field in July the following year, after then-Mayor of New York John Perry Mitchell.

The first scheduled scheduled airmail service, originated in May 1918 from Washington to Belmont Park with Curtis Janice, paved the way for the first transatlantic, four-engine, trans-Atlantic crossing from Long Island to Portugal the following year. amphibious Curtiss NC flying boats, only one of which eventually reached the European continent after two intermediate stops in Newfoundland and the Azores.

The roots of many Long Island aircraft manufacturers were planted during World War I.

The "golden age of aviation", linked to multiple records of speed, distance and altitude, resulted in two well-known nonstop flights. The first, including a single-engine Fokker T-2, resulted in a 26-hour, 50-minute transcontinental flight from Roosevelt to San Francisco in 1923, while the second was the world-famous, solo, Charles Lindbergh, a nonstop, transatlantic flight four years later. later, on May 20, 1927, in the Spirit of St. Louis.

After its almost symbolic twist in the dawn-covered dawn before departure, the silver monoplane was plunged into darkness, doubt and the unknown of consensus belief in experience, but the tiny orange glow piercing the sky of the horizon somehow reflected a promise, a hope, a goal, a hope and a hope. to aspire to. From this point of view, however, France looked just as infinitesimal. Yet the precarious, muddy and water-impeded take-off, which barely cleared the trees, served as a threshold for the successfully covered 3610 miles from the Atlantic to Paris.

Until 1929, Roosevelt Field, integrating with its former half known as "Curtiss Field", was considered the "world premier airport" for its paved runways and runways, instrument flying equipment, hangars, restaurants and hotels, as in the early 1930s, it was the largest such facility in the country with 450 aircraft based and about 400 hourly movements. It also housed the home of Roosevelt Aviation School, one of the largest civilian pilot training facilities in the United States.

During the three-year post-World War I expansion phase between 1929 and 1932, Mitchell Field became one of the largest military installations in the United States, with eight reinforced concrete hangars, barracks, operational buildings, and warehouses and served as home to many squadrons of fighter jets, bombers and observers. The first continuous transcontinental bombing flight operated by the B-18 in 1938 departed here while two P-40 Warhawk squadrons were based in the field during World War II.

Indeed, the war requirement required only served to deepen Long Island's aviation core, which led to the explosive peak of military aircraft design and production by 1945, at which time about 100,000 locals were engaged in work related with aviation, mainly Republican Aircraft Corporation and Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, in a union between man and machine, which ultimately won the war.

The first of these, founded in 1931 as the Seversky Aircraft Corporation, moved to larger facilities, redesigning the Republican Aviation Corporation seven years later and becoming the second largest supplier of fighter jets to the Army Air Corps due to its abundant quantities of P – 47 Thunderbolts sold to them.

The second one, founded in 1930 by Leroy Grumman, became the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation and was synonymous with Navy and amphibious aircraft, the first including the twin-seat FF-1, F4F Wildcat, F6F Hellcat, TBM / TBF Avenger, F7F Tigercat and the F8F Bearcat, the latter covering Grumman Goose, Widgeon, Mallard and Albatross.

Changing post-war conditions, however, began to draw on Long Island aviation roots as warplanes no longer needed contracts and closed the suburbs that strangled Roosevelt and Mitchell Fields in closing. However, over 64,000 civilian and military aircraft have hatched from its manufacturers at the moment.

Passing the atmosphere, aviation is transformed into outer space.

Dr. Robert Godard, who successfully designed the world's first liquid-fueled rockets in Massachusetts, received $ 50,000 from Harry Guggenheim of Long Island to conduct related research and tests, and ultimately designed a liquid-fueled rocket engine, turbine fuel pump and gyro control device.

Eleven space companies subsequently bid to design and manufacture the required component to transfer Project Apollo's lunar module, allowing crew members to travel between the orbital command module and the lunar surface, and NASA awarded the Grumman contract in 1962. Two simulators, ten test modules and 13 operational lunar modules were built during the Apollo program, the most famous of which was the LM-5 "Eagle", which itself disappeared from the Apollo 11 spacecraft on July 20, 1969 and connected the first man to be with the moon for a century, leaving your imprint and the foundation of the Moon module itself as eternal proof of this feat.

In this way, the aviation seed planted on the plains of Hampstead on Long Island sprouted and grew, connecting its own soil with that of the moon.


American criminals: murder

After the Castelamarez War ended in 1931, with the two opposing bosses, Joe "Boss" Maseria and Salvatore Marantzano end up quite dead because of the betrayal of Lucky Luciano, among others, Luciano, along with Jewish Mafia Master Meyer de Lansky – created member of the National Crime Commission, which crosses ethnic lines. There was no head of this committee, but instead the leadership was split equally between Luciano, Lansky, Lansky's follower Benjamin "Buggy" Siegel, Frank Costello, Joe Bonano, Vincent Mangano, Joe "Adonis" Doto, Luis "Lepke" Buchalter , and his right-hand man Jacob "Gura" Shapiro. (The tool fired Dutch Schultz – real name Arthur Fleugenheimer – was not a member of the Commission for this very reason: he was a loose cannon and could not be trusted in his common sense decisions.)

Of course, all corporations need separation of powers within that corporation, while certain people are assigned duties that do not affect the power and duties of other members of that organization. (Don't be fooled, the National Crime Commission runs like a well-oiled machine and really works as an unregistered corporation)

This is where Murder Incorporated came into play.

It was decided that for the good of the National Crime Commission, sometimes unpleasant things had to be done in order to keep the Commission nice and profitable. This included the murder of people who threatened the continuous flow of money into the Commission's coffers. The Commission has decided that they should set up a separate branch of the Commission to be responsible for one thing only: the killing of those people whom the chiefs said should be killed.

Louis Lepke was charged with what the press called Murder Inc., and to assist Lepke in his duties, the Commission appointed Albert Anastasia, nicknamed the Supreme Executioner, as Lepke's right hand man. Lepke would never give a direct order to any of his killers to do the job. Instead, Lepke used trusted men like Mandy Weiss and Luis Capone to issue the final order and decree to the hit men chosen.

By maintaining a level or two of isolation between himself and the actual killers, Lepke realized that nothing could ever be directly nailed to him.

And at first, Lepke was right until he made a fatal mistake.

The first order of business for Lepke and Anastasia was to get a crack team together to do the actual dirty work. Through Louis Capone, who was close to Anastasia, Lepke nourishes a group of murderous maniacs, some of whom are more likely to kill, who breathe Brooklyn's cool clean air. These killers were called the Brownsville Boys. The Brownsville boys were hardly the only murderers hired by Murder Inc., but they were the basis that led to 100 freelance killers being paid a steady weekly salary (from $ 125 and up) to be prepared to kill anyone time when an order was placed. These men were sometimes paid extra for particularly well-done work and were allowed to work in certain areas in the gambling and lending business or in any illegal operation, such as abductions and even abductions. But one thing is for sure: even if a member of Murder Inc. does not kill anyone for a month, two or three, his pay for murder comes constantly every week.

Now let's move on to the cast of Murder Inc. characters

The first and most important was the biggest headache for Lepke: Abe "Kid Twist" Reles. Eliminating the three Shapiro brothers, Mayer, Irving and Willie, Reles, along with his childhood friend Martin Bugsy Goldstein, seized all illegal rockets in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn. To do this, Reles turned to help Harry "Happy" Mayone and Frank "Dasher" Abandando from the neighboring Ocean Hill Bullies. Soon, cut-off killers like Harry Pittsburgh Phil Strauss, Vito Gurino and Blue Jaw Magun were taken to the fold, and the Brownsville boys were a really great killer group. The key to their transition from Brownsville to the big time was Louis Capone, apparently a restaurant in Brooklyn that was very close to Albert Anastasia.

When Anastasia, along with Lepke, was entrusted with the Commission to create "Murder Inc.", Anastasia approached Capone and said, "What about Relays and his Brownsville boys? Are these guys capable of doing what needs to be done? No questions asked. "

Capone assured Anastasia that Reles and his boys were stone murderers and that they were effective. The only problem Capone had was that Reles and Mayone, considered number one and number two leaders, hated each other's innards; and they did not trust each other very much.

Despite their minor differences, Reles and Mayone worked as a well-oiled killing machine. Under the leadership of Anastasia and Capone, the murderers of Murder Inc. operated in a way that was almost insane. When assignments were given by homicide bosses across the country, arrangements were made in such a way that finding the actual killers was nearly impossible. The key to their method was the concepts of confirmation and separation of powers. The bosses forced several men to perform different aspects of each job, with one man knowing nothing about the other men and their involvement. Yet each man was so intimately involved in the operation that he would be considered an accomplice, and any corroborating testimony would be useless in court should he ever decide to turn a rat.

For example, let's say Joe Schmoe of Illinois is next on Murder Inc.'s hit list Murder Inc. we will hire one person to steal a getaway car. Then another person will be directed to take as many rifles as they need to work. Then there would be a third person to be the "finger man": the one who would point out Joe Shmoo for the actual shooters. Then, of course, they needed an escape driver and a driver of a "crash car": a legitimately registered car that, when the case was completed, would collide in a chased police car or in the car of an overnight citizen. The reason for the legal car is that the driver of the crashed car could claim that it was just an accident while the shooters fled in the stolen car. (For obvious reasons, it was not a smart idea to crash into a police car with a stolen car.)

The beauty of this routine was that every man involved in the murder would have limited knowledge of the other men involved in the hit. The person who stole the car would not know who bought the weapons or who did the actual shooting, etc. …. etc. ….

Of course, Lepke and Anastasia did not rely entirely on the Brownsville boys to do all their dirty work. Other killers were needed to do various jobs in countless places. One killer was recorded from an unlikely location: the Loch Sheldrake Provincial Club, in the Catskills, in New York.

The Loch Sheldrake Country Club was owned by Sam Tanenbaum, who for the first time owned an Orchard Street grocery store in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. The Loch Sheldrake Country Club was a ritual establishment and housed many wealthy Jewish families for their summer vacations. Of course, Lepke and his crew were well represented at Loch Sheldrake. Those gangsters who rubbed elbows with legitimate Jewish businessmen included Lepke, his partner Jacob "Gura" Shapiro, Shimi Salsa, a rocket launcher for Lepke, Curley Holtz, a labor racket, and Big Harry Greenberg, who was partners with Lepke and Shapiro in various scams at the Clothing Center.

Gura Shapiro, a gorilla with thick breasts on a man, was himself quite a hero and also quite capable, like Lepke, of pulling the trigger when needed. Whenever Shapiro was angry, and often was, his favorite saying was "Get out of here." Yet, with his gravelly voice, the phrase sounded like "Gura is nowhere". Therefore, his friends gave him the nickname Shapiro Gura.

Sam Tanenbaum had a teenage son named Ali, who eventually took care of his alternate when Sam decided to retire. Sam Tanenbaum rented Ali at his hotel, either waiting tables or lounging by the lake. Sam also did not pay Ali a penny for his work to ensure that Ali did not disappear in his old pursuits in the Lower East Side of Manhattan until the summer season was over. As the owner's son, the Jewish gangsters invited Ali Tanenbaum to all their parties, and Ali got a fresh taste of what it is like to be around people who constantly ring coins in their pockets. This made him suspicious of their world of murder and grievous defeat.

One day, after the summer season of 1931 ended at Loch Sheldrake, Tanenbaum was walking down Broadway in Manhattan when he bumped into Big Harry Greenberg.

Greenberg asked Tannenbaum, "Do you want a job?"

"I could use it if it paid," Tanenbaum said.

Greenberg smiled. "This one is for Lepke. You know what the job will be."

Tanenbaum shrugged and said that he would do whatever it took to earn some fantastic money so he could spread it around like his Jewish gangster idols.

Little did Greenberg know that he was hiring one of his would-be assassins.

Tannenbaum started working for Lepke, initially for $ 35 a week. His work included common tasks such as dropping, destroying blows and throwing stink bombs where they had to be thrown. Later, Tannenbaum completed more important duties, such as "shame", which meant that he was "ashamed" or broke the heads of union workers who did not drag Lepke's line.

As production increased, Tannenbaum's salary increased. In short, Tanenbaum was intimately involved in six homicides and helped to dispose of the body of a seven homicide victim. As a result of his "bone-breaking" at the homicide squad, Tannenbaum began rowing an impressive $ 125 a week; more than all summer at his father's resort. Because of Tanenbaum's summer location in the Catskills, Tanenbaum's work was mostly about killings and blackmail in New York. Tanenbaum was a valuable asset for Lepke in Sullivan County, as Tanenbaum was familiar with the back roads and the many lakes where bodies could be dumped. In the winter, Tanenbaum and his family vacationed in Florida, where Tanenbaum worked as a strong-arm man in several of Lepke's gambling joints.

In the early 1930s, Lepke added another valuable asset to Murder Inc. when he hired Charlie "The Bug" Workman.

The "Bug" was born in the Lower East Side of Manhattan in 1908, the second of six children born to Samuel and Anna Watman. Workman dropped out of grade 9 and started wandering the streets of the Lower East Side looking for problems. When he was 18, Workman was arrested for the first time for stealing $ 12 worth of cotton thread from a truck parked on Broadway. Since this was his first crime, Workman came down with ordinary probation. The following year, Workman was arrested for shooting a man behind the ear over someone who owes $ 20. At that point, Workman's reputation on the street was such that the man he shot refused to testify against him and even stated that he could not truly identify Workman as the shooter. Mixed, the cops pulled out his file and decided that Robotman had conditionally violated his release from cotton theft. As a result, Workman was sent to the Reformed State of New York. Over the next few years, Workman was in and out of jail for such liberation violations as associating with "dubious characters" and "failing to find a job."

In 1926, Wardman enrolled as a freelance breaker or slammer for breakthrough activities at the Lepke union strike. Workman did such a good job, in the early 1930s, Lepke put Workman on his permanent salary of $ 125 a week as a killer for Lepke & # 39; s Murder Incorporated machine. Lepke liked Workman's cool demeanor, and after Workman made a few outstanding "hits" for Lepke, Lepke gave him the nickname "The Bug" because one had to be crazy to kill with the calm Workman squad shown while performing his scary tasks. Workman's other nickname, Handsome Charlie, was given to him by representatives of the opposite sex.

Over the next few years, Workman also had problems with the law. In 1932 he was arrested for carrying a concealed weapon. In 1933, Robotman was arrested again for loading an off-duty police officer after a minor vacuum cleaner on the move. All the while, his specialty was killing whom Lepke said he should be killed. After being hit, Workman enjoyed the real advantage of "sweeping the pockets" of his victims. Most of the time, Workman was earning an extra thousand dollars or so for his efforts. And one time, he even found a $ 10,000 bonus in his pants pocket of some poor bastard he'd just hit.

The Murder of Lepke Inc. don't limit your exploits in the New York area. In fact, Murder Incorporated eventually hired anywhere from 150-200 murderers across America, and it has been reported that these murderers may have committed up to 800-1000 murders from the late 20's to the death of Murder Incorporated in the early part of The 40's.


The Adventures of Trasnmitter – Rise Of The Robo Warriors

Hi, I'm going with Zeke's name and the first thing you'll need to know is what a transmitter is and secondly how I got inside one.

It's 2046, but in 2035 the technology has been refined by Yoodle to manipulate dreams to the point where they can start them, end them, script them, and expand them. Simply put, what a person can imagine in real physical life, collaboration with Yodel can manifest in a dream, and they do. Everything through a machine called a; reality transmitter. All you have to do is write your script for whatever you want, program it into the machine, step into the machine, and then experience the best of SUPER VIVID dream life.

Please do not think that this is a dream like the one you had last night, in which you are barely lucrative, that you wake up and forget. These dreams are as vivid as real life and feel like real life because for most people they are even more realistic than life.

For some time, Yoodle has access to information, images, activity, and brainwaves on every single person, place, or something that has ever arisen. Here's how they can present everything in this program that allows the user to be anywhere, to be anyone, to do anything, anytime for as long as they want. Like I said, all you have to do is get in the Jodle machine, hit a few buttons and be off. The machine will then put you to sleep and your journey into the world of your choice will begin there.

So here we are today in 2045, where most working people are no longer taking vacations on new physical land. Rather, they choose to spend a week renting a reality transmitter so they can rest in the home of any celebrity, dead or alive. Or they will spend time with old friends or family who left Earth decades decades ago.

And you can forget about retirement home because more than half of people in retirement age are no longer retiring, they just work their whole lives, buy a car, go to this world and live where they are young again, until they are real state the body escapes, completely avoiding the effects of the aging process.

In this world, almost everyone is striving to accumulate wealth to buy one of these machines, but these are very expensive machines. Brand new, they retail for $ 500,000 and you can buy one used for $ 150,000 to $ 300,000. However, most people take their time at a reality center for anywhere from $ 50 to $ 100 an hour.

Anyway, that's what the transmitters are about, and what we're doing here at Yoodle is constantly striving to improve our functionality and usability. We create all the transmitters in the world and also place them on our network.

You may not believe it, but we also have a strict secret transmitter that influences reality, it is called the master transmitter. If you go into this machine with a programmed script, whatever you experience in the machine happens in real life the moment you experience it. This machine is very powerful and can have dire universal consequences, but only one person in the world is allowed to use this machine so it is never abused.

So, it was just a regular day at my job here in Yodel, except for the fact that I worked twice today because Ronin is on vacation this week. Also, for the same reason, I was left with the task of closing the store I was afraid of. I just wanted to get home on time and be with my family.

The day went by quickly, but just when I was switching off the main transmitter, all the lights went out. I couldn't see anything, but soon I began to hear what sounded like thousands of steps from what looked like a full army of soldiers entering the room. I stood still, fearing what was to come, knowing that it was not a friendly visit. After a few moments, my hands struggled behind my back while handcuffed and blindfolded. I still couldn't say a word, but then I heard him say with a loud boom, "Get out now, there's no time to slow down!" Then I began to hear what sounded like multiple sightings of running at the same time. It was already clear what the purpose of their visit was, they took the main transmitter.

I was standing there thinking about the horror of what these men would do with such a powerful weapon they have. They knew Ronin would stop them, so they were here now.

Within a while, I heard a loud "humming" sound that signaled to me that they had released the main transmitter from its limitations. At that moment, they pulled me out of the room, down the stairs and into a waiting vehicle. The vehicle started moving and driving for what seemed like a day. At some point I fell asleep and seemed to have been transferred to a building by these soldiers. I had only woken up from my head and my bottom was hitting a cold cement floor. Then I suddenly became hyper-anxious when I heard that loud, booming voice again, "so you know how to do this? Let's do it now!", The man then removed the blind from my eyes and what I saw was a manifestation of the most my worst nightmare.

Ronin was in Brazil with Mandy lying on a sandy beach overlooking the crystal blue waters when his watch began to ring. Ronald's Joodle Clock had never popped before, so this was definitely an emergency of the most serious kind.

Ronan sent a message to Zeke, but no response. He sent messages to other executives at Yoodle, but all messages bounced.

Then Ronan turned to Mandy and said, "They got the main transmitter. Someone knew when I would go and get the main transmitter." said Ronan, who looked as if he had just seen a ghost.

"Calm down, I'm sure you'll understand," Mandy said calmly.

"No, I don't calm down, you don't understand, now we have to go back!" shouted Ronin, beginning to roll up his sandy beach towel.

Once unfolded, I saw that I was in a large, one-story building with no windows, and in the middle of the building was the main transmitter, surrounded by 500 American soldiers on each side, acting as security guards.

"Get up," the man said as he hit me on the back.

I got up. Then the men dragged me to the transmitter and held me in front of it.

"Here's the deal, Mr. Zeke, you are helping us achieve our goals with this thing and you are living to see your little family. If you refuse, then you know what will happen," the man said sternly.

"Okay, I'll help as long as you let me see my family again," I replied.

"We'll do a little test here. I want you to cause an explosion at Yankee Stadium right now during a baseball game," the man said.

I started to get nervous, I can't cause the loss of all these lives. I did not know what to do. "I can't do this, too many lives will be lost. Please don't do it," I prayed.

"You will do as you have been told," he said as he rolled me over on his back.

I really had no choice, so I programmed a script in the machine that the plane would crash right in the middle of Yankee Stadium and sit in the machine.

"Just grab me and then hit that red button," I told the man. I sat in the car, the man then tied me up and was at Yankee Stadium watching the match. The kettle crashed, it was a strike. The thunder crashed, a ball. The kettle crashed, then it was a major blow. At that time, an airplane could be seen in the distance, flying very low and coming in our direction. The game stopped, all of a sudden, they went crazy trying to get out of the stadium. When I finally understood it, I heard a loud "crash" and saw smoke rising up and even coming out of the stadium, then woke up.

I got out of the car to see three soldiers looking at their phones and not even paying me any attention. The man then pulled out his phone and waited a while, but nothing happened. "Don't make it, do it again!" the man yelled at me as he grabbed my arm.

"No, sir, look, a plane crashed in the middle of Yankee Stadium, but there were no casualties," said a soldier reading news from his phone.

"NO ACCIDENTS ?!" the man asked angrily.

"I'm sorry," I said, shaking my head, waiting for the consequence.

"Take him away, punish him, and bring him right to the edge of death so we can start working on our plan," the man said.

"No problem, Mr. C," said a soldier as he and another dragged me.

Meanwhile, Ronin was trying to get home but was facing the toughest obstacles. He had left the hotel, but when he and Mandy arrived at the airport, it was a different story. They made their way directly to the airport service center and asked to return home, but were refused.

"No, you don't understand, I have to go home. The world is in danger," pleads Ronin at the airport reception.

"Danger? What are you? Superman?" laughed the agent.

He went on: "Your flight home is not for another four days and you can buy a ticket, but no flight leaves here for another 14 hours."

"And no other options?" asked Ronin.

"There are no other options," the agent said.

"All right," said Ronin, disappointed but determined.

Then Ronin turned to Mandy and said, "Aunt, 14 hours, enough time for anyone with a master transmitter to make God know what in the world."

"So what are you going to do?" Mandy asked

"Now I have to find a way out …" Ronin answered firmly.

As Ronin and Mandy stood in front of the flight information screen, he came up with a plan.

"Mandy, if we can get to Canada, we'll be fine," Ronin said.

"What?" Mandy asked.

"Just follow my lead," Ronin said as he dropped all the luggage and grabbed Mandy's hand.

"But what about our luggage and souvenirs?" Mandy asked.

"I'd like to think that saving the world is more important than these things," Ronin said as he began leading Mandy to Door 45, planning to ignore all calls from anyone who tried to stop him.

When they finally reached port 45, the intercom's voice said, "last call for flight 705a to Montreal." The last adult man got up to get through the gate, but before he could make it, Mandy and Ronin burst straight through the gate and into the tunnel and boarded the plane. They quickly found a pair of empty seats to the back and lowered themselves low.

While Ronin was trying to get home, he was beating me. I was kept in a black room on the ground and two soldiers were hitting me up and down with something that looked like some kind of bamboo stick. All I know is that I was dizzy, did not feel my feet and could barely see.

"The next time the boss asks for something from you, better hand it over to the last detail," said a soldier.

"Okay … OK," I said, barely able to speak.

The door opened.

"Enough!" said Mr. C at the top of his lungs.

"Clean it up and put it back in, and I don't want any specks of blood on my machine," Mr. C. continued.

"Yessir," the soldiers said in unison.

I thought about how Mr. C declared this machine as his own, even though it had nothing to do with its creation, and I thought about how it would end when Ronin found out about this situation. The latter gave me a little shudder of hope, which helped me continue.

The soldiers wiped me with some toilet paper and took me back to the building and tossed me on the floor in front of the main transmitter and Mr. C.

"You don't look too good. I hope this will be your lesson," Mr C. said sarcastically.

"Yessir," I said humbly.

"Anyway, enough for you, I have some work to do. I want you to program in me as the King of the World," said Mr.C.

"I'm sorry, but it won't work," I said as I looked down and avoided eye contact.

"WHAT WHY!!!" cried Mr.C, his eyes bulging and raising his fist to me.

I quickly replied, "No, it is not my fault, if the central machine intelligence system considers your request to be something that is immoral or irrational or unfair, it rejects the request. I believe that one who becomes king of the world will fall into the category of the unjust. "

"And blowing up a whole baseball stadium is easy?" replied one of the soldiers sarcastically.

"Yes, but no, there may be a reason to blow up a whole baseball stadium," I said.

"Such as?" the soldier asked.

"Aliens," I said.

"And aliens are reasonable …" the soldier said again in a sarcastic tone.

Mr C muttered.

"He's lying sir, just get him to write the script and program it," the soldier said.

"You know you're right. Get in there, Zeke, and do as you were told. So I get off the ground and program in the script Mr. C to be king of the world. Then I swing harder to strap. He connects me and then presses the button to send me, but then the machine beeps and shuts off.

"Try again!" said Mr. angrily.

The soldier then presses the button again, but the machine beeps again and shuts off.

"Arr. If I can't win the war in a day, I guess I'll just have to win a lot of small battles while the ultimate victory is mine," says Mr. K. angrily.

Mr C went on, "and to bring in someone who has half a brain, I need someone to get into this thing and cancel this intelligence system." Then Mr.C left.

Somehow, Ronin and Mandy made it all the way to Montreal, Canada. Now all Ronin had to do was get off the plane and rent a car and then head back to New York. However, after everyone was on their way to get off the plane first, six police officers greeted them in the tunnel.

"Parlez-vous Francais ou Anglais?" asked one of the police officers next to Ronin.

"What?" asked Ronin.

"You two are coming with us," the officer said.

"Why?" asked Ronin.

"Come on, sir, you know what you did illegally and you're now under arrest," the police officer said.

After a few hours of reflection, Mr.C was finally back. He had come up with a plan.

"Listen really good Zeke, I want to invest $ 2 billion into my bank account," said Mr.C.

"I won't work," I said nonchalantly.

"You may want to reject the motives of the self-models and think more about the team," one soldier jokingly said.

"Shut up everyone! I'm the one who gives orders and suggestions here, not you! I don't pay anyone for advice here!" cried Mr.C.

"Collective, very astute," Mr. C said quietly, as he went and sat alone in the corner of the room.

After another hour of thoughtful silence, Mr. C thought of another plan.

"Okay, Zeke, here it is. A program in an army of robots built along the same lines of the fictional Robocop that only my command listens to. Half human, half robot, but highest artificial intelligence. They must be neither good nor evil. "But they are here to protect humanity from all threats. Create 50 of them to be here right now," said Mr.C.

"All right," I said, "when I started programming the script in the main transmitter. When I was done, then I sat in the transmitter, then waved to the soldier to catch me. The soldier then tied me up and sent me, as everything in the visual my perception darkens.

Then I was in the chair again, Mr. C was in one corner of the building, instructing the warrior robots what their job was for tonight. Then one of the warrior robots rushed to my side and said, "Look at Zeke …"

Then I woke up or so I thought I did for a moment. I looked from the side of the room and Mr.C was in one corner of the room to instruct the warrior robots what their job was for the evening. Then one of them rushed to one side and said "look at Zeke."

I answered "look what?"

Then he opened his hand and pointed it at about 250 American soldiers, pressed a button on his chest and suddenly a large wave of fire engulfed them all, leaving nothing but dust in their remains.

The other 250 soldiers stood terrified and no sound was heard in the building. C then clapped slowly, then a few robot warriors followed him, then a few more, and then within no time all the robot warriors clapped in unison with Mr. C. Mr.C then began to laugh. hysterically such a mind-blowing laugh that can only manifest when one realizes that it can no longer be hindered and what you want can no longer be denied by your understanding. I sank my head. What in the name of heaven did I just do?

Now that Mr C was almost ready for battle, there was a spring in his stride and a certain spark in his eye. He approached me as I sat in the transmitter: "I'm so glad I got you Zeke, you really made all my dreams come true." Then he kissed my cheek.

He then turned to his chief engineer, who was working on updating the robot systems.

"Install microphones and cameras on each one," said Mr.C.

"Но сър, това ще ни задържи още 28 часа. Казахте, че искате да са готови до днес", каза инженерът.

"Добре, просто ги инсталирайте в генерал и лейтенанти", каза компрометиращият Mr.C.

Два часа по-късно и след преинсталиране и захранване на всички роботи главният инженер направи страхотното прокламиране,

"Добре, г-н C, ние сме готови да попаднем на улиците."

След 20 минути Mr.C всички роботи бяха подредени в един файл, после Mr.C застана пред всички роботи и произнесе реч,

Вие сте произведения на моите ръце и моите команди са прости. Вие трябва да вкамените, тероризирате и унищожавате всичко, което видите, докато не контролираме Ню Йорк, а след това САЩ и след това света. Сринете всяко полицейско управление, всяка улична банда и просто всяка заплаха, която ни пречи!

След часове Робо Воините започнаха да запалват огъня в града, с повече фойерверки от четвъртия юли. Войните на Робо започват, като отвеждат всички в плен и ги съхраняват в изоставени складове. Също така всяко полицейско управление, което им се виждаше, беше взривено до ковачница. Сега те бяха дългата ръка на закона и господин Ц наблюдаваше камерата на лейтенанта на своя робот и се наслаждаваше на всеки момент от него.

Междувременно в Монреал, Ронан и Манди бяха заседнали в задържаща килия, когато най-накрая бяха повикани да се обадят.

Ронан получи шанса си първо, затова се обади на Зеке, но не получи отговор.

"Това е. Влизаш обратно", каза надзирателят.

– Но никой не отговори – каза Ронан.

"Не ме интересува. Един разговор е всичко, което получавате", каза надзирателят.

„Добре, може ли да използва обаждането ми, тъй като бяха заедно?“ – попита Манди.

Надзирателят замълча и каза: „Добре, още един разговор, а след това нищо повече от вас двамата през останалата част от нощта“.

– Добре – каза Ронан, докато отново набираше внимателно.

Този път Ронан се обади на ръководителя на службата за спешна сигурност на Йодъл Пол Макгвайър. Той беше един от шепа хора, които знаеха за главния предавател. Ако имаше някой, който сега да им помогне, това беше Павел.

"Ронан къде си?" – попита Пол.

"Аз и Манди сме затворени в някакъв затвор тук, в Монреал, Канада", каза Ронан.

"Чакай … какво? Как?" – попита Пол.

"Ами бяхме на почивка и научихме, че главният предавател е откраднат …", каза невъзмутимо Ронан.

"Чакай … какво? Как ???? !!!!!!!" – попита Пол сега, повишавайки глас.

– Да, какво си бил под скала или нещо подобно? – попита Ронан.

Пол замълча за момент, вероятно поглеждайки към актуализация на новините, след което казва: „Предполагам, че това би обяснило появата на тези роботи, които унищожават град Ню Йорк.

– Да – каза Ронан.

– Дръжте – каза Пол, като се отдалечи от телефона за минута.

"Не мога да се хвана за Зеке. Разбрах, че който го е получил, той има и предавателя", продължи Пол.

"Точно както си мислех! Главният предавател няма да създаде нищо, освен ако не е създаден, за да бъде добър. Единственият начин, по който майсторът зад това може да спечели, е като използва доброто да извърши зло. Дълбоко, тези роботи знаят доброто, което те трябва да се прави, просто е да го извадите от тях.

– Е, няма никой по-добър да го направи от теб Ронан – каза Пол.

"Ще отида там в момента, в който изляза", каза Ронан.

"Добре, ще ви върнем два билета от първа класа вкъщи, просто се отправете към летището в Трудо. Нека говоря с надзирателя", каза Пол.

– Добре, благодаря – каза Ронан, движейки се и подавайки телефона на надзирателя.

Пол прекара около 30 секунди в разговор с надзирателя, преди да закачи телефона. След това надзирателят се обърна към Ронан и Манди и каза: "Защо не казахте, че работите за Йодъл. Двама сте свободни да отидете."

На 2 сутринта на следващата сутрин (6 часа по-късно), Ронан най-накрая се отправи към район на Бруклин Ню Йорк, където роботите се готвеха да изстрелят целия взрив.

За щастие полицията ги е прихванала и се опитвала да се намеси, но безрезултатно. Сега това беше противопоставяне между бандата на роботите и цял цял полицейски участък.

Всички стояха през натоварена магистрала с около 20 робота от едната страна, а от другата страна бяха подредени 50 полицаи. Всички партии разполагаха с оръжия.

Ронан отиде до шефа на полицията, който стоеше в единия край на линията и предложи приятелски съвет,

„Знам нещо, което може да улесни живота ни да се справим с тези роботи“, каза Ронан.

"Кое е?" – попита силно любопитният полицай.

"Е, може би не вярвате в това, но те изобщо не са зли. Дълбоко в себе си имат сърце, което работи точно като нашето. Просто трябва да знаете как да комуникирате с тяхната сърцевина", каза Ронан.

– Искате да кажете, че трябва да разсъждавате с тези нечовешки, безпощадни терористи? – попита разочарованият полицай.

– Да – каза Ронан.

"ОК, определено не съм човекът за работата. Те просто взривиха 100 плюс моите колеги, без дори да намигна око", каза полицаят.

– Добре, ще се справя с това – каза Ронан уверено.

– Както желаете – каза полицаят, докато махна на хората си.

Тогава Ронан пресече бариерата с ръце във въздуха. Но Роботите не свалиха никакви оръжия.

"Кой от вас е лидерът?" – изкрещя Ронан, когато се приближаваше към роботите.

"Mr.C е наш господар и лидер, Mr.C е наш господар и лидер", отговориха униформено роботите.

Ронин замълча за момент, когато изрече името на Mr.C. Последният, който беше чул за Mr.C, беше мъртъв. Сега той е този, който командва тези роботизирани войници? Това трябва да означава, че той има главен предавател или е в лига с някой, който го има. Мисията вече беше проста, намерете Mr.C, намерете главния предавател. Задачата за намиране на главния робот, който отговаря, не е толкова проста.

– Добре, кой сред вас е генералът? – попита Ронан.

"Числото 10000 куб.см е нашето общо, числото 10000 куб.см е нашето общо", казаха в унисон роботите.

"Можете ли да го позвъните за мен!" – извика Ронан.

Един от роботите натисна бутон и в рамките на 30 секунди 8-крак робот висок 3 инча влиза в картината на сребърен механичен кон. Той слиза на коня и след това ходи и застава пред Ронин. След това грубо хваща Рони за врата.

Тогава Ронан се задъха и каза: "Не е моето намерение да се бия с теб … Искам само да знам причината да правиш това, което правиш"

"Ние сме лоялни войници, които вършим само работата на нашия господар, г-н C. Той ни възложи моралното прочистване на нацията и точно това правим", казаха 10000 куб.см с бум роботизиран глас, тъй като той пусна врата на Ронан.

– Но не виждате ли, че това, което правите, е грешно? – попита Ронан.

„Грешно?“ Попита 10000 куб.см.

"Ти травмираш, затваряш и убиваш невинни хора. Разрушаваш публична и частна собственост", каза Ронан.

"Как?" попита 10000 куб.см наистина размишлявайки върху твърдението на Ронан.

В същото време Mr.C започна да гледа и слуша видео емисии от 10000 cc. "Кой говори това с моя генерал? И защо не го убие?" – попита г-н C неистово към главния си инженер, който стоеше на бюро наблизо. Инженерът не отговори.

Mr.C погледна по-отблизо в камерата. – Това ли е … Това Ронан ли се намесва отново в бизнеса ми? продължи Mr.C.

"Всички хора, на които сте станали жертва, бяха невинни хора. Те не направиха нищо лошо, но бяхте толкова хванати за мисията на Mr.C, че сте забравили да мислите за себе си", каза искрено Ронан.

Тогава Mr.C може да чуе вътрешния микрофон с мощност 10000 cc, "Ronan млъкни. 10000 cc не го слушайте, взривете го сега 10000 cc вие безполезно парче метал", каза строго Mr.C.

"Да, сър", каза 10000 куб.см, когато вдигна дясната си ръка на Robotic, като в същото време позволи на края на пушка с 12 гейта да замени скования му метален юмрук.

След това 10000 куб.см пауза.

Ронан попита отново: „Не виждаш ли, че това, което правиш, е грешно? Не?“

"Да, ние", каза 10000 куб.см. След това 10000 куб.см натисна сив бутон отстрани на сърцето му.

"Сега всички ние ще се самоунищожим. Това е правилното нещо да направим и вече сме направили толкова много грешки. Ние бяхме създадени да правим добро и не успяхме да направим добро. Благодаря ви, сър Ро-нан", каза 10000 куб. 10000 куб.см след това изтръгна роботизираната си ръка, за да се разклати, докато Ронан се ръкува. След това всички роботи започнаха да се демонтират едновременно, постепенно оставяйки хиляди парчета безформен метал вместо тях.

"КАКВО В … ЧЕСТИТО?" – изкрещя Mr.C, докато гледа как мечтата му се превръща в кошмар. "Моите скъпоценни роботи … всички ги няма", извика той.

След това главният инженер отиде при Mr.C и каза: "Сър, ако мога да ви намеся, вие сте този, който поиска от тях да имат висок ултра изкуствен интелект. В човешкия ум, ако човек има висок изкуствен интелект, когато се сблъска с морална ситуация, при която се изисква да избират правилното или грешното, те винаги ще избират правилното и тези същества са избрали правилното. "

Г-н C не отговори. Той само надникна гневно в далечината, след което изрече: „Ако господството над света изисква постоянство, то постоянството е това, което ще получи“.

"Zekeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee", изкрещя Mr.C в горната част на дробовете си.


McFarland / Richardson murder case

She was a famous stage actress in New York named Abbey Sage. But after her ex-husband Daniel McFarland murdered his lover, journalist Albert Richardson, on November 25, 1869, at Richardson's place of work in the New York tribune, Sage's lifestyle was put on the trail, not just McFarland.

Born in Ireland in 1820, Daniel McFarland emigrated to America with his parents when he was four. McFarland's parents die when he is 12, leaving him an orphan. Determined to do something on his own in America, McFarland works as a laborer in a harness shop, saving his money so he can go to college. By the time he was 17, McFarland saved enough money to attend Ivy League Distinguished University – Dartmouth. At Dartmouth, McFarland studied law and did extremely well. After graduating, McFarland passed the exam, but instead of practicing law, McFarland took a position at Brandywine College, teaching elocution – the ability to speak clearly and expressively.

In 1853, McFarland traveled to Manchester, New Hampshire, where he met a very beautiful 15-year-old girl named Abbey Sage. Abbey came from a poor but well-respected family – her father was a weaver – but Abbey was quite bright and soon she became a teacher as well as a published writer. Four years after they met, McFarland and Abe Sage got married. She was only 19, and he doubled his age.

Abbey later wrote in a statement about the McFarland murder process: "During our marriage, Mr. McFarland told me that he had a thriving legal practice, brilliant political prospects and $ 30,000 worth of property, but while on our bridal tour, he was forced to borrow money in New York to enable us to continue to Madison, Wisconsin, which was decided as our future home. We resided in this city, but for a short time when he admitted that he had no legal practice of any consequence, and that he devoted himself solely to land speculation, some of which led to disaster. "

In February 1858, McFarland moved to New York. McFarland told Abbey in New York that he had a better chance of selling the $ 20,000 to $ 30,000 property he owned in Wisconsin. However, McFarland initially sold nothing and soon Abbey had to rely on most of her jewelry to pay the rent. With the bills piling up and no money yet, McFarland thought it better to do it alone. As a result, McFarland sent Abbey back to her father's home in New Hampshire. At the end of 1858, McFarland finally managed to sell some of his property in Wisconsin. Shortly after, he returned Abby to New York and they settled in a rented villa in Brooklyn. There their first son Percy was born in 1860, and his second son Daniel was born in 1864.

McFarland's land sales business broke and he began to drink heavily. Abbey later wrote: “At the beginning, Mr McFarland professed the most extravagant and passionate devotion to me, but soon he began to drink heavily and before we were married a year, his breath and body were burning with a foul liquid. reform, but he cried out: "My brain is on fire and alcohol makes me sleep."

At the start of the Civil War, McFarland briefly returned to Madison, Wisconsin. Soon McFarland realized, under the right circumstances and with some training, his handsome, young wife would be the better carrier of both. To fulfill his plan, the McFarlands travel back to New York to study Abbey to become an actress.

In New York, Abbey tired her arm at dramatic readings and discovered she had a talent for the stage. One thing led to another, and soon Abby played a few plays and made a tidy $ 25 a week. Abby's career progressed so quickly, she soon appeared against the great actor Edwin Booth in The Merchant of Venice (Edwin Booth was the older brother of John Wilkes Booth, the man who shot and killed Abraham Lincoln). Abbey also complements her income by writing several articles on children and nature. She even wrote a poem entitled "The Book of Percy's Rhyme" after her son Percy.

Abby's artistic accomplishments enabled her to increase her circle of friends. She became fast friends with newspaper tycoon Horace Greeley, his sister Mrs. John Cleveland and New York Tribune publisher Samuel Sinclair and his wife.

However, his wife's successes did nothing to tame McFarland's wildlife. He uses his wife's new friends and their relationship to make a political meeting. Abbey later said: "Through the influence of Horace Greeley, founder of the New York Tribune, I secured a position for him (McFarland) with one of the Provost marshals."

Soon, McFarland became jealous of Abby's new friends, and his drinking grew exponentially. McFarland kept the money Abby made from acting and writing and spent all that on drinks. McFarland started opening Abby's personal mail, and if he didn't like what he was reading, he would threaten to kill Abby and himself.

"At that time he had become a demon," Abbey said. "He'll get up in bed, tear his clothes off in bed and threaten to kill me. When he gets tired, he'll cry tearfully and fall asleep."

Once McFarland became so angry, he punched Abbey in the face, so hard he made her stumble back. From that point on, their relationship changed dramatically.

"There was a look in his eyes that made him burst into tears paroxysm and beg that I should forgive him," Abbey said. "But from that moment on, I could never tell him that I loved him or forgive him because that would not be true."

In January 1867, McFarland moved to the boarding house at 72 Amity Street in New York. Shortly afterwards, Albert Dean Richardson, who was in his mid-thirties at the time, moved to the same guesthouse. Richardson was already familiar with Abby since they had met at Mr. and Mrs. Sinclair's home. Richardson had a beard and hazel eyes with an orange color and was considered a very distinctive appearance with the highest character.

The Massachusetts-born Richardson was one of the most famous reporters of his time. He was well known for his writings as a military correspondent on the New York Tribune during the Civil War, and also spent time as a spy on the North. In 1862, Richardson was conquered from the South in Vicksburg and he spent a year and a half in two separate Confederate prisons. In December 1863, while imprisoned in Salisbury, North Carolina, Richardson and another military correspondent escaped from prison and walked four hundred miles on foot to the Union Line in Knoxville. At the time of his imprisonment, Richardson had a wife and four children. When he returned home, he discovered that his wife and infant daughter had died. Richardson took care of the three other children, who were thirteen, ten and six by the time of his death.

Returning to his desk at the New York Tribune, Richardson took advantage of the Civil War heroics by writing about his escape. The headline of his article in the newspaper was "Outside the jaws of death and out of the mouth of hell." It was considered one of the finest works of journalism since the Civil War era. Richardson expanded this book article and, in combination with his other writings, Richardson turned from a prisoner of war into a rich man. So many, Richardson bought shares in the New York Tribune, becoming a minority shareholder.

By the time he moved to the same boarding house as McFarlands, Richardson was already an editor / writer for the New York Tribune. (Editor's note: I was a sports colonist for the reincarnation of the New York Tribune in the '80s.) Richardson uses his room at 72 Amity Street as an office, as well as a place to sleep. In his staff at 72 Amity Street, Richardson hired a stenographer, painter, and envoy boy to deliver his work to the offices of the New York Tribune in downtown Park Row.

On February 19, 1867, McFarland returned to the boarding house and found his wife standing at Richardson's door. Abbey claims that Richardson and her are discussing one of his articles, but McFarland will have none of it.

Abbey later wrote: "When we entered my apartment, my husband became furious and insisted that there was a wrong intimacy between Mr Richardson and I."

McFarland immediately went to a three-day bender where he again threatened Abby's life and said he would commit suicide. Finally, on February 21, Abbey stabbed McFarland forever. She grabbed her two children and settled with Mr. And Mrs. Samuel Sinclair.

At the Sinclairs, Abbey called her father, who now lives in Massachusetts, and informed him of the situation. It was agreed that McFarland would be invited to the Sinclair residence, and in the presence of Sinclair and her father Abbey told McFarland that their marriage was over.

Richardson called the Sinclair residence that evening. Richardson expressed her condolences and said he would do everything he could to help her in her moment of need. Then, as he was leaving, Abbey followed him down the hall.

With tears in her eyes, she said, "You have been very kind to me. I cannot repay you."

Referring to Abby's two children, Richardson said, "How do you feel about facing the world with two babies?"

She replied, "It seems difficult with a woman, but I'm sure I can improve without this man than with him."

Before leaving, Richards told Abbey, "I want you to remember that any responsibility you choose to give me in any future I will be glad to take."

Two days later, Richardson asked Abbey to marry him, telling her that she wanted to give her children without mothers to care for as she did.

Abbey later said, "It was absolutely impossible for me not to love him."

On the night of March 13, 1867, Richardson met Abby at the theater where she had just finished a performance. Just as they turned a corner, McFarland rushed behind them and fired three shots; one of which pierced Richardson's thigh. It was a superficial wound and Richardson was not seriously injured. McFarland was arrested by police, but due to some inexplicable court-ordered transactions, McFarland somehow managed to escape from prison.

When it was apparent to McFarland that his wife had been lost forever, he decided to take legal action to obtain custody of both of their children. The courts came up with a separate ruling that would give Abbey custody of Daniel and McFarland grant custody of Percy. In April 1868, Abbey tried to see her son Percy, but was refused to do so by McFarland, who became furious and threatened to strike her. At that moment Abbey had no choice but to file for divorce.

In New York State, the only reason for divorce was infidelity. So in July 1868 Abbey decided to go to Indiana for her divorce, where the grounds for divorce were more extensive. These grounds included drunkenness, extreme cruelty and failure to support a woman. Abbey stayed in Indiana for 16 months until her divorce from McFarland was final. Then Abbey travels to her family's home in Massachusetts, and Richardson meets her there to spend Thanksgiving 1869 with her and her family.

On November 25, 1869, at 5:15 PM, McFarland enters the offices of Park Row on the New York rostrum. He hid quietly in the corner for about 15 minutes until he saw Richardson enter through the side entrance of Surch Street. As Richardson read his mail on the counter, McFarland rushed toward him and fired several shots. Richardson was hit three times, but still managed to climb two pillars to the newsroom, where he threw himself on the sofa, fatally shot in the chest. When the medics arrived, Richardson was transported through the town hall to the Astor House and laid down on a bed in room 115.

At 22:00 McFarland was arrested in Room 31 of the Westmoreland Hotel, at the corner of Seventeenth Street and Fourth Avenue. The arresting officer, Captain A.J. Allyer told McFarland he was arrested for the shooting of Richardson. At first, McFarland said he was innocent of the charges. Then he shockingly said, "It must have been me."

Captain Allyer took McFarland into custody and took him to the house of Astor, room 115. After Captain Alair asked Richardson if the man before him was his attacker, Richardson raised his head slightly from the pillow and said, "This is the man!

Abbey Sage was immediately called to New York. Immediately upon their arrival, at the request of Richardson, Horace Greeley arranged for Abbey and Richardson to be married on Richardson's deathbed. The wedding ceremony was performed by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher and Rev. OB. Frothingham. Three days later, on December 2, Richardson took his last breath, leaving Abbey Richardson a widow.

Prior to the McFarland trial, his lawyer, John Graham, told the New York press that Abi Sage's intentions for Mr Richardson were anything but fair. Graham said, "This tender and touching marriage was a terrible and shameful ceremony to acquire the property of a dying man, and it tended to hasten his death."

At first, Richardson journalists in New York defended Richardson's honor, and they began to delve deeper into McFarland's life, trying to find anything that would discredit McFarland. The New York Tribune writes that McFarland is "in the habit of eating opium for the sake of drowning."

However, the New York Sun launched a campaign to discredit both Abbey and Richardson. In an editorial entitled "Public Outrage Against Religion and Gratitude", Dream accused Richardson of luring Abbey to her loving husband. The sun even dug a quote from McFarland's brother, who said, "Abbey went to read only to be able to paint her face, go for beauty, and enter with this tribe of free love in Sam Sinclair."

There was a battle in the press in which most New York daily newspapers complained that Richardson and Abbey were immoral and that McFarland had done the honest thing by killing the man who had stolen his wife away from him.

The trial of McFarland began on April 4, 1820. Ever since she knew that her husband's lawyer was on a mission to disparage and discredit her, Abbey dropped the process. Still, Graham tried to secure sympathy for his client, with McFarland's son Percy sitting next to him during the trial.

In his opening argument, Graham asked the jury to understand the mental anguish his client was forced to endure. Graham said: "The defendant's mental organization was so sensitive and tender that he was unable to fight and endure the deep sorrow and misery that awaited him. His speculation was catastrophic and that the seeds of discontent began to sow first. "

Then Graham reached the core strength of his defense when he attacked Abbey's virtue and honor. "When she first met my client, she was just a bad girl from the factory. Yet he once told my client, "All I need to make me an elegant lady and popular with the New York elite is money."

At the time, Graham told the jury that a break in his client's life occurred on February 21, 1867, when McFarland arrived at 3:00 PM. and saw his wife leave Richardson's room.

"This beautiful woman was completely corrupt," Graham said. "She had tempted the honors of the stage and society of great men. At the time, she was too elegant and too popular for her humble lot and the demon who put her in front of all these temptations for which she had to pay the price. with her soul was Richardson "

Graham indicated that his client's boiling point was reached one day when McFarland went to the New York Tribune's office. There, he received a letter from a boy in the office who was addressed to Mrs. McFarland. The boy mistakenly thought the letter was addressed to Mr McFarland.

Graham told the jury: "My client opened the letter, examined it, and found it to be a love letter written by Richard McArland, Richard, who was in Boston. In this letter, Richardson openly stated his intentions to marry this woman if she could obtain a divorce from Mr. McFarland. "

During the trial, prosecutors led by former judge and then-Congressman Noah Davis focused on how McFarland abused his wife during his marriage and, in some cases, beat her. To support these allegations, prosecutors called on Abby's relatives and friends, including a man of great influence – Horace Greeley.

However, Greeley is not a fan of the corrupt Democratic machine Tammany Hall, whom Greeley has repeatedly cheated on in his newspaper. In retaliation, Tamani Hall used his significant influence before and during the process to discredit Greeley and Abbey.

In his final summary before the jury, which took two days, Graham tried to force the jury to believe his client was simply a victim of unbearable consequences.

"Доказателствата доказват безумието, под което подсъдимият е работил по време на стрелбата", каза Греъм. "Това беше състояние на ума, подтикнато от агонията, която издържа при мисълта за загубата на дома, съпругата и децата му."

Журито купи невероятната защита на Греъм като марка купува в игра с три карти-Монте. На 10 май им бяха нужни само един час и петдесет и пет минути, за да върнат присъда за не виновни на основание безумие.

Въпреки че беше дълбоко унила, след процеса Аби Сейдж Ричардсън непоколебимо остана в Ню Йорк. Тя стана успешен автор и драматург и беше добре приета както в литературната, така и в социалната общност. Освен това тя редактира и публикува книга за непубликуваната творба на Ричардсън.

Аби също спази обещанието си към умиращия Ричардсън, че ще отгледа трите му деца като свое. Тя отгледа и сина си Даниел, чието име беше променено на Уили (да не се свързва с баща му Даниел Макфарланд). Другият син на Аби Пърси напусна Макфарланд и се върна при майка си. Той смени фамилното си име от Макфарланд на моминското име на Сейдж.

На 5 декември 1900 г. Аби Сейдж Ричардсън умира в Рим от пневмония.

Даниел Макфарланд пътува на запад през 1880 г. За последно е чут в Колорадо и няма записани данни за смъртта му. Според историка Едмънд Пиърсън, „не му отне много време да се напие до смърт“.

Алберт Ричардсън е погребан в родния си град Франклин, Масачузетс. Видналото във Франклин видно е паметник на героията на Ричардсън в Гражданската война. Надписът на паметника гласи: „Мнозина ви благодарят, които никога не са знаели лицето ви, така че, сбогом, добро сърце и вярно“.


Bed Bugs Are Back – Here's What To Do To Make sure You Don't Suffer

Short story

Bed bugs have been documented as pests of the 17th century and introduced to this country by early colonists. They were common in the United States before World War II, after which the widespread use of synthetic insecticides such as DDT significantly reduced their numbers. Improvements in household and personal cleanliness as well as increased regulation of the used furniture market also likely contributed to their reduced pest status.

Over the last decade bedbugs have begun to return to the United States. The widespread use of baits rather than insecticidal sprays to combat ants and cockroaches is a factor involved in their return. International travel and commerce are thought to facilitate the distribution of these hitchhikers because eggs, young and old bed bugs are easily transported in luggage, clothes, linens and furniture. Bed bugs can infect planes, ships, trains and buses. The most common are bed bugs in high-occupancy dwellings, such as hotels, motels, hostels, hostels, shelters, apartment complexes, homes and prisons. Such infections are not usually a reflection of poor hygiene or poor housekeeping.

The new old threat

What are the risks? As insects go, bed bugs are more technically unpleasant than dangerous and have not been shown to be capable of transmitting the disease from person to person. Unfortunately, this fact does nothing to reduce the potentially huge negative impact on those affected. Even in cases of mild contagion, bitten people can get numerous bites for several nights before determining what causes them. Depending on the sensitivity of an individual, the effect of these bites can range from small red dots to large pits that are itchy and can be irritated and become infected by scratching.

How Big Is The Rise? Quantifying this resumption is difficult, there is no national database to store information and understand that people and businesses are openly sharing their experiences … Would you stay at a hotel that admits to a bed bug problem? The available data does not look good. Nationwide; there was a 19% increase in bed bugs during the 18-month period from summer 2003 to winter 2004, according to a March 2005 study by Pest Control Technology.

New York has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Although there are no official reports of bed bugs in New York, pest control experts and scientists say the city is in the midst of a serious outbreak. Tom Nimitz, who has led Better Pest Management in Brooklyn for 35 years, said he has been called to more than 500 bed bugs in the last two years, which is more than one or two cases in one year.

New York was also the focus of national media attention in 2003, when a Mexican businessman filed a lawsuit against the Helmsley Park Lane Hotel after he and a friend allegedly suffered multiple bites of bedbugs on their torso, arms and necks while staying at the property. , which overlooks Central Park, Helmsley Enterprises Inc., the hotel's owner, settled the suit quietly in 2004. Terminating confirmation of bed bugs was a problem, Howard Rubenstein, a spokesman for the company, said the hotel had no problems with bed bugs after the lawsuit. ,

The scale of the problem in New York may be further qualified by the efforts of New York City Council member Gail Brewer. In May 2005, Brewer council member introduced legislation that would make a big profit in the city's fight against growing bed bug infestation. In addition to the ban on the sale of reclaimed mattresses, Brewer's legislation will create a special Bed Bug group responsible for monitoring the scope of this dynamic problem and developing long-term policy solutions needed to limit the spread of this infection.

"Bed bugs are already a huge threat to New Yorkers and have real potential to be a threat to the city's economy," Brewer said. Yes, well, but what about me? Within the United States, pest control companies have reported increasing activity of bed bugs nationwide. Orkin, one of the largest and most experienced pest control companies, reports that it has dealt with bed bugs in 47 states and estimates a 25-30% increase in bed bug infestation over the next four to five years. Even without definitive data on the growth of bedbugs, one thing is certain. If your business involves transient people, furniture or lodging, you will have to deal with this problem at some point – and probably sooner rather than later.

Do I already have them and how do I find out? Although the bedbugs are small, about 1/5 of an inch long about the size of a ladybug, they can be easily seen with the naked eye. They are wingless, oval and flattened in appearance and crawl at a constant speed. They are rust red or mahogany in color. Nymphs (young) appear to be identical to adults, except for their smaller size and lighter, yellowish white color. The eggs are white and about 1/32 inch long. The newly hatched bugs are almost colorless.

Bed bugs are active at night as they leave their daily resting place in cracks and crevices to search for human blood. By checking your bed linen in the middle of the night, you have the best opportunity to find bed bugs on the go. Bed bug bites are usually two or three in a row and blood stains are often deposited on the blood. Any cracks or crevices nearby can serve as a day shelter for bed bugs. Look for bedspreads under folds in mattresses, seams, and between pads and slats. In the presence of a large number of bed bugs, they give off a distinctive pungent odor. Multiple dark faecal spots on or near fissures are another indication of bed bug infestation.

Dealing with them

As with most pest problems, the goal is to act swiftly and be diligent. Enroll in the services of a reputable pest control specialist with experience dealing specifically with bed bugs. According to Stoy Hedges, BCE, Terminix Maintenance Manager, "Terminix has seen a significant increase in bed bugs over the past few years, with bugs appearing in single-family homes. This insect is difficult to control and requires the expertise of an experienced pest control company. "Treatment usually involves the following steps:

1. Complete a thorough inspection of the areas suspected of being infected. This should include furniture, linens, personal effects, and the surrounding area. 1. Complete and thorough inspection of contaminated areas. This should include furniture, linens, personal effects and surrounding structures.

2. Treatment of all contaminated areas and objects.

3. The application of IGRs (insect growth regulators), which are residual chemicals that help reduce the risk of further infection.

4. Follow-up checks and treatment, if necessary.

Although this procedure looks pretty basic and similar to what you might expect for other insect pests, the difference really comes when you work directly with the client.

The gross factor. The "gross" factor is extremely high with this issue. If comments like these aren't enough to convince you, "I'm repulsed, I'm horrible, and I'm disgusted," said a three-year-old mother who lives in a great building in Jackson Heights, Queens, where bedbugs are spread across 26 apartments, fast surfing on the web should do it, with high-dollar cases becoming more common.

Policies, procedures and responsibilities

Liability is a primary concern in lawsuits over $ 20 million. Although you may not be able to stop being sued, you can certainly go a long way to protecting yourself by dealing with problems in an educated and consistent manner.

1. Developing and maintaining a comprehensive company policy. At a minimum, this policy should clearly outline your company's position in terms of problem, training, responsibilities and customer relationships.

2. Develop and maintain short and well thought out procedures that address your most likely scenarios. Although each situation you deal with will be different, knowing what to do in the most common situations will give you a baseline.

3. Train your staff. Best policies and procedures mean nothing unless they are common knowledge and common practice. Deep training and rigorous application send a strong message to both customers and employees. This message is: "We are dealing with this problem and you are part of the solution."


Mobster in America – Jack Leg's Diamond – The Gangster That Can't Be Killed

Jack "Diamond" was shot and wounded so many times, he was called "The Gangster That Can't Be Killed."

Diamond, born July 10, 1897, from parents in Kilush, County Clare, Ireland, spent the first years of his life in Philadelphia. After his mother died of a viral infection when Diamond was thirteen years old, he and his younger brother, Eddie, fell into a group of laborers called "The Boiler Gang." Diamond was arrested more than a dozen times for various robberies and grievous defeats, and after spending several months in a minor reformer, Diamond was drafted into the army. Army life did not fit Diamond well. Served for less than a year, after which he decided to switch to AWOL. He was soon apprehended and sentenced to three to five years at the Federal Penitentiary in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Diamond was released from prison in 1921, and he decided that New York was the place to make his fortune. Diamond and his brother, Eddie, have moved to Manhattan, Lower East Side, where they meet up with an impending gangster named Lucky Luciano. Diamond did various strange tasks for Luciano, including a few boots, in connection with Brooklyn thug Vani Higgins. Diamond's marriage to Florence Williams lasted only a few months (he had never been home). But his luck changed when Luciano introduced Arnold's "Brain" to Rothstein, a notorious gambler and financial wizard. It was the break Diamond was waiting for, and he made the best of it.

After starting out as a Rottstein bodyguard, Rothstein introduced Diamond as a partner in his lucrative heroin business. When his pockets were full of money and his need for Rothstein diminished, Diamond, along with his brother Eddie, decided to split up on their own. They realized they could make a package to kidnap the tow trucks of other mobsters, including those of Owen Madden and Big Duer. This was not a good idea, as Madden and Dwyer were part of a larger syndicate of criminals that included Luciano, Holland Schulz and Mayer Lansky. For the time being, Diamond is a non grata persona in the gangster world and is a free choice for anyone who wants to get rid of him.

In October 1924, Diamond was driving a Dodge sedan up Fifth Avenue when, on 110th Street, a black limousine pulled past him. A shotgun fired at Diamond from the back window of the limo, but Diamond was too fast to be killed. He lowered himself and struck the throttle without looking at where he was going. Fortunately, he managed to escape from his shooters and drive to the nearby Mount Sinai Hospital. Doctors removed pellets in his head, face and legs, and when the cops arrived to question him, Diamond fell.

"I don't know anything about it," Diamond said of things. "Why would anyone want to shoot me? There must be a wrong person."

Soon Diamond befriends a gangster who doesn't want to kill him. His name was Little Augie Orgen. Orgen installs Diamond as his main bodyguard. In return, Orgen gave Diamond a nice share of his drug and drug loading business. This friendship was going well until October 15, 1927, when Luis Lepke and Gura Shapiro shot Orgen at the corner of Norfolk and Delaney Street, as Diamond was allegedly on the alert for Orgen's safety. The diamond was shot in the arms and legs (probably by accident), necessitating another trip to the hospital. After his release, he befriended Lepke and Shapiro, and as a result, the two killers gave Diamond Orgen the bootlegging and drug business as a reward for being stupid enough to thwart bullets aimed at Orgen.

Diamond was at the top of the world now. He had enough money to throw, and he became a mainstay of all the best nightclubs in New York, usually with showman Kiki Roberts on hand, despite the fact that he was still married to his second wife, Alice Kenny. Diamond was seen regularly at the Cotton Club, El Fay and Stork Clubs, and his picture was often found in newspapers that portrayed Diamond not as a gangster but as a handsome man in the city. Soon Diamond was the private owner of Broadway's Hotsy Totsy Club between 54th and 55th Streets, with Hymie Cohen his front partner. The Hotsy Totsy Club had a back room where Diamond often settled business disputes, usually by shooting his opponents to death and then carrying them out as if they were drunk.

The fall of Diamond began when, on July 13, 1929, three unscrupulous dockers loaded up and began to collapse at the Hotsy Totsy Club bar. Diamond jumped inside with his bandmate Charles Entrata to stop his manager from being muted. "I'm Jack Diamond and I run this place," Diamond told the Dockers. "If you do not calm down, I will beat you up."

Talking failed and soon the shooting began. When the smoke cleared, two dockers were dead and one wounded. As a result, Diamond and Entratta took him to the lamb. While they were hiding, Diamond decided that before he could return to do what he was doing, the bartender and three witnesses had to be killed. And soon they were. Cohen was also dead, and the girl checking the hat, cashier and a waiter disappeared from the face of the earth. Diamond and Entra, all who could harm them, calmly turned to the police and said, "I heard we were wanted for questioning." They have never been charged, but Diamond realized that New York was no longer safe for him, so he closed the Hotsy Totsy Club and moved to Green County in New York.

From New York State, Diamond performed a small loading operation. But after a few months of impatience, he sent word back to the gangsters in New York, namely the Dutch Schultz and Owen Madden, who lifted Diamond's rockets in his absence that he was returning to take back what was his. This placed the target precisely on Diamond's back, and he became known as the "clay pigeon of the underworld."

Diamond was sitting at the Aratoga Inn's bar near Arc, New York, when three men dressed as duck hunters climbed into the bar and filled Diamonds with bullets. The doctors gave him a small chance of survival, but four weeks later Diamond came out of the hospital and told the press: "Well, I did it again. No one can kill Jack Legs Diamond. "

A few months later, when Diamond was leaving the roadside inn, he was shot four times; in his back, legs, lungs and liver, but again he beat the chances his doctors gave him and survived. He was not so lucky in December 1931 when, after a night of heavy drinking at the Kenmore Hotel in Albany, he staggered drunk back to his nearby boarding house and fell asleep. The landlady then said she heard Diamond pray for his life before hearing three shots. Apparently, two gunmen had slipped into Diamond's room, and while one was holding it to his two ears, the other was inserting three brains into his brain.

The killers fled to Red Packard, ending the myth that Jack "Legs" Diamond is a gangster who can't be killed.


Mahopac, New York – A Brief History and Review

Mahopac is a New York neighborhood and is 76 km south of town. The town has a beautiful lake of 587 acres, known as Mahopak Lake, from which it derives its name. One of the best aspects of the lake, in my opinion, is that motor boats and jets are allowed. There are three islands in Lake Mahopack, called Petre, Fairy and Canopus. All this is privately owned. Petre has only one residence designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, while there are many homes on the fairytale island. There is land to buy on the third island, Canopus. Fishing, boating and other water sports are allowed on the lake and it is home to most of the outdoor activities in the area. Overlooking the lake is the library, which has many books, computers, conference rooms and reading rooms. To see the beautiful and interesting artifacts of the area, you can also visit the Museum of the Carmel Historical Society.

The basic information about Mahopac, New York, which was found on the city data website, is as follows:

The population was 8,736 in July 2007. The average age of residents in Mahopac is 37.6 years compared to New York State, which is 35.9 years

The estimated household income in 2008 was $ 87,307 compared to the state of New York as a whole, $ 56,033.

Here, here's a little overview on Mahopac housing … my favorite topic. The average value of a house or apartment in 2008 was $ 465,774. The average prices in 2008 of all housing units were $ 496,078; detached houses is $ 505,946; Townhouse or other units attached is $ 414,178.

The Mahopac School District provides education for the people of Mahopac. It is divided into a number of schools. Primary schools depend on where you live. For pre-school there is Kiddie Connection and Little People of Mahopac. Then you have Mahopac Falls Elementary School K-3, Austin Road Elementary 1-5, Fulmar Road Elementary 1-5, Lakeview Elementary K-5, Mahopac Middle School 6-8, and Mahopac High School 9-12 .

There are not many hotels in Mahopack, but if one has to stop and rest overnight, there are several motels.

Mahopac also has a good selection of restaurants. Restaurants serve different cuisines and all people, whether visiting the city or staying here, can choose the one they want to visit and eat what they want to eat. There are Mexican, Italian, seafood and an American restaurant. If you're new to the restaurant, here's a good list of restaurants all in Mahopac: Pizza Stop, Villa Baronet, Hilthop Manor, Lantern Restaurant, Rocco Pizza, Olympic Dinner, Northwood Inn, Ming Hing, Pizza & Mario Restaurant, Mahopack Diner, JP Cunningham & # 39; s Holy Smoke, Hanok & # 39; s Neighborhood Steakhouse, Hacienda Tres Amigos, Golden Panda, Gin Tinotoria, Pizzeria Fratelli II, Four Brothers Pizza, Desert Sun, Dante & # 39; s Restaurant & Pizzeria. Claddagh Pub & Grill, China Garden, Chan Garden, Casa Russo, Cacciatori Pizzeria, Brooklyn Café, Benvenuto Pizza & Family Restaurant, Arturo & # 39; s Tavern, Ariano & # 39; s Trattoria, TERRACE Club, Marco a Restaurant, Mahopac Dish, Rositas Chicken Supreme, Southside Inn, Rincon Latino , Rick's Seafood, PJ's Restaurant, Oriental Gourmet, Paolo's Pizzeria, Red Mills Tavern.

Mahopac had famous people like Blackleach Burritt, Joe Torre, Marc Weiner and Richard Yates, among others. People can visit museums and galleries to enjoy the arts and other fun activities such as the Putnam Children's Discovery Center, the Carmel City Historic Center and the Putnam Arts Council. There are many wildlife activities here for animal and nature lovers. One can also visit the farms of Apple Farms and Apple, which grow orchards in Mahopac.

Mahopac is a beautiful and picturesque place that is a must visit. There are many things for visitors here and every visitor is bound to enjoy themselves.